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Mongabay.com is considered a leading source of information on tropical forests by some of the world's top ecologists and conservationists. TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Rainforest Diversity

Portraits of Rainforest Diversity




Portraits of Rainforest Diversity


  • Rainforests contain 170,000 of the world's 250,000 known plant species
  • A recent survey in the Atlantic rainforest of Brazil found 487 tree species in a single hectare (2.5 acres), while the US and Canada combined only have 700 species
  • 1/3 of world's birds found in South America
  • Whereas all of Europe has some 321 butterfly species, the Manu National Park in Peru (4000 hectare-survey) has 1300 species, while Tambopata National Park (5500 hectare-survey) has at least 1231 species
  • The United States has 81 species of frogs, while Madagascar, smaller than Texas, may have some 300 (99% of which are found nowhere else).  80 frog species have been collected in a single day at localities in Peru.
  • A single square mile of rainforest often houses more than 50,000 insect species


Continued: Rainforest diversity


Other pages in this section:

Rainforest Diversity
Canopy, Structure, & Area
Diversity of Image
- - - - -
References
Climate and Stability
Short Term Variation & Ice Ages
Mimicry & Camouflage
- - - - -
Kids version of this section
Why do rainforests have so
many plants and animals?



Selection of information sources








For kids

Tour: the Amazon

Rainforest news

Tour: Indonesia's rainforests

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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2015

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region.
Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.

"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.