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GUINEA-BISSAU

Guinea-Bissau Forest Figures

Forest Cover
Total forest area: 2,072,000 ha
% of land area: 73.7%

Primary forest cover: 940,000 ha
% of land area: 33.4%
% total forest area: 45.4%

Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005
Annual change in forest cover: -9,600 ha
Annual deforestation rate: -0.5%
Change in defor. rate since '90s: 4.5%
Total forest loss since 1990: -144,000 ha
Total forest loss since 1990:-6.5%

Primary or "Old-growth" forests
Annual loss of primary forests: n/a
Annual deforestation rate: n/a
Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%

Forest Classification
Public: 84.2%
Private: 15.8%
Other: 0%
Use
Production: 39.6%
Protection: 11.7%
Conservation: 45.4%
Social services: 3.4%
Multiple purpose: n/a
None or unknown: n/a

Forest Area Breakdown
Total area: 2,072,000 ha
Primary: 940,000 ha
Modified natural: 1,132,000 ha
Semi-natural: n/a
Production plantation: n/a
Production plantation: n/a

Plantations
Plantations, 2005: 1,000 ha
% of total forest cover: n.s.%
Annual change rate (00-05): 34,000 ha

Carbon storage
Above-ground biomass: 98 M t
Below-ground biomass: 24 M t

Area annually affected by
Fire: 30,000 ha
Insects: n/a
Diseases: n/a

Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Number of native tree species: 2,243
Critically endangered: 0
Endangered: 0
Vulnerable: 4

Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood: 32,000 m3 o.b.
Wood fuel: 1,385,000 m3 o.b.

Value of forest products, 2005
Industrial roundwood: $2,000,000
Wood fuel: $15,000,000
Non-wood forest products (NWFPs): n/a
Total Value: $17,000,000


More forest statistics for Guinea-Bissau

Despite its small land area, Guinea-Bissau has extensive natural resources including coastal mangrove swamps, rich tropical forests, and unexploited petroleum fields. More than 70 percent of the country is forested—more than 45 percent of which is primary forest. Guinea-Bissau has a monsoon-like climate with a distinct rainy season (June to November) and a dry season (December to May).

About 1,000 plants species are known to exist in Guinea-Bissau. The country is also home to 108 species of mammals, 459 species of birds, and 110 types of freshwater fish.

While Guinea-Bissau's net deforestation rate is relatively low at 0.5 percent per year between 2,000 and 2,005, there is concern about increasing development, especially in a new era of relative political stability. In particular, coastal mangrove swamps—some of the most important in Africa—are giving way to rice fields and hydroelectric projects. Slash-and-burn agriculture, coal production, fires, fuelwood cutting, and logging for timber have resulted in forest loss and subjected Guinea-Bissau to serious soil degradation and erosion in some areas. Hunting and poaching threaten wildlife in virtually all areas.

Goodbye to West Africa's Rainforests
(01/22/2006) West Africa's once verdant and extensive rainforests are now a historical footnote. Gone to build ships and furniture, feed hungry mouths, and supply minerals and gems to the West, the band of tropical forests that once extended from Guinea to Cameroon are virtually gone. The loss of West Africa's rainforests have triggered a number of environmental problems that have contributed to social unrest and exacerbated poverty across the region.




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Unless otherwise specified, this article was written by Rhett A. Butler [Bibliographic citation for this page]

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Last updated: 4 Feb 2006






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