Forest CoverTotal forest area: 3,522,000 ha % of land area: 6.2%
Primary forest cover: 704,000 ha % of land area: 1.2% % total forest area: 20.0%
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -12,000 ha Annual deforestation rate: -0.3% Change in defor. rate since '90s: -1.4% Total forest loss since 1990: -186,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-5.0%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: -2400 ha Annual deforestation rate: -0.3% Change in deforestation rate since '90s: -4.3% Primary forest loss since 1990: -12,000 ha Primary forest loss since 1990:-5.1%
Forest ClassificationPublic: 97.8% Private: 2.2% Other: 0% Use Production: n.s.% Protection: 100% Conservation: n/a Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: n/a None or unknown: n/a
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 3,522,000 ha Primary: 704,000 ha Modified natural: 2,616,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 202,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 202,000 ha % of total forest cover: 5.7% Annual change rate (00-05): -2,000,000 ha
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 536 M t Below-ground biomass: 133 M t
Area annually affected byFire: 3,000 ha Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: n/a Critically endangered: 3 Endangered: 14 Vulnerable: 50
Kenya has very little rainforest (mostly montane forest) cover, and these scattered patches are being further degraded for fuelwood and building material. Overall forest loss in Kenya has been moderate over the past generation—5 percent of the country's forest cover was lost between 1990 and 2005. Primary forest cover also fell by 5 percent over the same period and now cover around 700,000 hectares. Deforestation rates have decreased slightly since the end of the 1990s.
Kenya is world famous for its safari wildlife, and 12.3 percent of its land area is currently under some form of protection. The country has 1,103 species of birds, 261 mammals, 407 reptiles, 76 amphibians, and 6,500 species of plants.
The most immediate threats to Kenya's forests are subsistence activities and agricultural expansion. In recent years conflicts between forest squatters and police have escalated as the government tries to crack down on deforestation. In 2005, the government evicted 10,000-50,000 families from the edge of the Mau Forest in the Rift Valley as part of its campaign to protect the country's natural resources.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.