Forest CoverTotal forest area: 3,627,000 ha % of land area: 18.4%
Primary forest cover: n/a % of land area: n/a % total forest area: n/a
Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005Annual change in forest cover: -86,400 ha Annual deforestation rate: -2.2% Change in defor. rate since '90s: 21.2% Total forest loss since 1990: -1,297,000 ha Total forest loss since 1990:-26.3%
Primary or "Old-growth" forests Annual loss of primary forests: n/a Annual deforestation rate: n/a Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a
Forest ClassificationPublic: 29.8% Private: 70.2% Other: n/a Use Production: 14.9% Protection: n/a Conservation: 14.8% Social services: n/a Multiple purpose: n/a None or unknown: 70.2
Forest Area BreakdownTotal area: 3,627,000 ha Primary: n/a Modified natural: 3,591,000 ha Semi-natural: n/a Production plantation: 36,000 ha Production plantation: n/a
PlantationsPlantations, 2005: 36,000 ha % of total forest cover: 1% Annual change rate (00-05): 200,000 ha
Carbon storageAbove-ground biomass: 218 M t Below-ground biomass: 59 M t
Area annually affected byFire: n/a Insects: n/a Diseases: n/a
Number of tree species in IUCN red listNumber of native tree species: n/a Critically endangered: 3 Endangered: 4 Vulnerable: 33
Before the rule of Idi Amin, Uganda had a relatively sound environmental record. During his reign (1971-1979), the forests suffered from civil and political strife. From 1971 to 1987, Uganda lost 50 percent of its forests, including virtually all of its primary forests.
Between 1990 and 2005, Uganda lost 26.3 percent of its remaining forest cover, and deforestation continues today at a rate of 2.2 percent per year, mostly due to subsistence farming, cutting for fuelwood, and colonization by the burgeoning population.
While Uganda is famous for its mountain gorillas, it is home to some of the highest concentrations of biodiversity in Africa. More than 5,000 plant species are found in the country along with 345 mammals, 1,015 birds, 165 reptiles, and 43 amphibians.
Today very little of Uganda's forest cover is considered primary forest by the U.N. In spite of this, more than 25 percent of the country is under some form of protection.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions generated from mongabay.com operations (server, data transfer, travel) are mitigated through an association with Anthrotect,
an organization working with Afro-indigenous and Embera communities to protect forests in Colombia's Darien region. Anthrotect is protecting the habitat of mongabay's mascot: the scale-crested pygmy tyrant.
"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site. "Jungle" is generally not used.