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Amazon Wildlife

By Rhett Butler [citation]

The Amazon is home to more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet -- perhaps 30% of the world's species are found there. Its biodiversity is astounding: a single bush in the Amazon may have more species of ants than the entire British Isles, while a lone hectare of forest may have more than 600 species of trees.

Take a look at some of these examples of the Amazon's biological richness:

Amazon biodiversity by the numbers:
  • 40,000 plant species
  • 16,000 tree species
  • 5600 fish species
  • 1300 birds
  • 430+ mammals
  • 1000+ amphibians
  • 400+ reptiles


Recent news articles on Amazon biodiversity





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Owl butterfly (Caligo idomeneus)
Owl butterfly (Caligo idomeneus)


Capybara leaving water with a bird on its back
Capybara leaving water with a bird on its back


Scarlet macaw (Ara macao)
Scarlet macaw (Ara macao)


Dusky Titi Monkey (Callicebus spp.)
Dusky Titi Monkey (Callicebus spp.)


Hyla rhodopepla tree frog on leaf
Hyla rhodopepla tree frog on leaf


Clear-winged Cithaerias pireta butterfly feeding on dung
Clear-winged Cithaerias pireta butterfly feeding on dung


Blue-and-yellow macaws (Ara ararauna), Yellow-crowned parrots (Amazona ochrocephala), and Scarlet macaws feeding on clay
Blue-and-yellow macaws (Ara ararauna), Yellow-crowned parrots (Amazona ochrocephala), and Scarlet macaws feeding on clay


Brown Agouti (Dasyprocta variegata) on clay lick
Brown Agouti (Dasyprocta variegata) on clay lick


Unknown bright green lizard in the Peruvian Amazon
Unknown bright green lizard in the Peruvian Amazon


Chestnut Eared Arašari (Pteroglossus castanotis)
Chestnut Eared Arašari (Pteroglossus castanotis)


Monkey frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor)
Monkey frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor)



Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Orange, green, black, yellow, and turquoise grasshopper


Red howler monkey howling


Ocelot


Brown tree frog near Puerto Nari˝o


Boa constrictor in defensive mode


Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)


Common green iguana (Iguana iguana) on a tree trunk in the Amazon rainforest


Red insect


Brown spider


Woolly monkey

Monkey frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor)
Monkey frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor)


Three-striped Poison dart frog (Epipedobates trivittatus)
Three-striped Poison dart frog (Epipedobates trivittatus)


Hyla tree frog species
Hyla tree frog species


Blue-and-yellow macaws flying toward clay lick
Blue-and-yellow macaws flying toward clay lick


Hyla tree frog close up
Hyla tree frog close up



Harpy Eagle, Harpia harpyja, in Colombia


Poisonous caterpillar displaying its neon green but venemous spines


Borugo (Agouti taczanowskii)


Red howler monkey


Green macaw


Leaf toad in the Amazon

More Amazon wildlife photos

Brazil | Colombia | Peru

(NEXT Amazon rainforest destruction)

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KEY ARTICLES
  • Brazil could halt Amazon deforestation within a decade
  • Concerns over deforestation may drive new approach to cattle ranching in the Amazon
  • Are we on the brink of saving rainforests?
  • Amazon deforestation doesn't make communities richer, better educated, or healthier
  • Brazil's plan to save the Amazon rainforest
  • Beef consumption fuels rainforest destruction
  • How to save the Amazon rainforest
  • Oil development could destroy the most biodiverse part of the Amazon
  • Future threats to the Amazon rainforest
  • Half the Amazon rainforest will be lost within 20 years
  • Can cattle ranchers and soy farmers save the Amazon rainforest?
  • Globalization could save the Amazon rainforest
  • Amazon natives use Google Earth, GPS to protect forest home



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