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Amazon Mammals

By Rhett Butler   |  Last updated 2016-Jan-23

The Amazon is home to more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet -- perhaps 30 percent of the world's species are found there.


  • More than 430 species of mammal are found in the Amazon, the majority of which are bats and rodents.
  • The Amazon is home to the world's largest rodent, the capybara which can weigh 200 pounds (91 kg).
  • Two species of freshwater dolphin live in the Amazon river.
  • Edentates -- including sloths, anteaters, and armadillos -- are common residents of the Amazon rainforest and only exist in the New World.
  • In 2013, scientists announced the discovery of a previously undescribed species of tapir.
Pictures of Amazonian mammals:


List of selected mammals from the greater Amazon region

Note: this list is not comprehensive. Some species may live outside the Amazon rainforest biome.
Common nameLatin nameFamilyIUCN status
Black-headed night monkeyAotus nigricepsAotidaeLC
Spix's night monkeyAotus vociferansAotidaeLC
Mantled howlerAlouatta palliataAtelidaeLC
Venezuelan red howlerAlouatta seniculusAtelidaeLC
White-fronted spider monkeyAteles belzebuthAtelidaeVU
Brown woolly monkeyLagothrix lagothrichaAtelidaeLR/lc
Pale-throated three-toed slothBradypus tridactylusBradypodidae (three-toed sloths)LC
Brown-throated three-toed slothBradypus variegatusBradypodidae (three-toed sloths)LC
Short-eared dogAtelocynus microtisCanidae (dogs, foxes)DD
Crab-eating foxCerdocyon thousCanidae (dogs, foxes)LC
CulpeoLycalopex culpaeusCanidae (dogs, foxes)LC
Bush dogSpeothos venaticusCanidae (dogs, foxes)VU
Brazilian guinea pigCavia apereaCaviidae (guinea pigs)LR/lc
Guinea pigCavia porcellusCaviidae (guinea pigs)LR/lc
CapybaraHydrochoerus hydrochaerisCaviidae (guinea pigs)LR/lc
Goeldi's marmosetCallimico goeldiiCebidaeNT
Pygmy marmosetCebuella pygmaeaCebidaeLC
White-fronted capuchinCebus albifronsCebidaeLC
Large-headed capuchinCebus macrocephalusCebidaeLC
Brown-mantled tamarinSaguinus fuscicollisCebidaeLC
Common squirrel monkeySaimiri sciureusCebidaeLC
TarucaHippocamelus antisensisCervidae (deer)DD
Red brocketMazama americanaCervidae (deer)DD
Gray brocketMazama gouazoupiraCervidae (deer)DD
White-tailed deerOdocoileus virginianusCervidae (deer)LR/lc
PudĂș|Northern pudĂșPudu mephistophilesCervidae (deer)LR/nt
Amazonian marsh ratHolochilus sciureusCricetidaeLR/lc
Highland small rice ratMicroryzomys altissimusCricetidaeLR/lc
Forest small rice ratMicroryzomys minutusCricetidaeLR/lc
Common neacomysNeacomys spinosusCricetidaeLR/lc
Narrow-footed bristly mouseNeacomys tenuipesCricetidaeLR/lc
Bicolored arboreal rice ratOecomys bicolorCricetidaeLR/lc
Robert's arboreal rice ratOecomys robertiCricetidaeLR/lc
Trinidad arboreal rice ratOecomys trinitatisCricetidaeLR/lc
Destructive pygmy rice ratOligoryzomys destructorCricetidaeDD
Fulvous pygmy rice ratOligoryzomys fulvescensCricetidaeLR/lc
Azara's broad-headed rice ratOryzomys megacephalusCricetidaeLR/lc
Yungas rice ratOryzomys yunganusCricetidaeLR/lc
Coues's climbing mouseRhipidomys couesiCricetidaeLR/lc
White-footed climbing mouseRhipidomys leucodactylusCricetidaeLR/lc
Atlantic Forest climbing mouseRhipidomys mastacalisCricetidaeLR/lc
Alston's cotton ratSigmodon alstoniCricetidaeLR/lc
Golden oldfield mouseThomasomys aureusCricetidaeLR/lc
Short-tailed cane ratZygodontomys brevicaudaCricetidaeLR/lc
Lowland pacaCuniculus pacaCuniculidae (paca)LC
Mountain pacaCuniculus taczanowskiiCuniculidae (paca)LR/nt
Silky anteaterCyclopes didactylusCyclopedidaeLC
Southern naked-tailed armadilloCabassous unicinctusDasypodidae (armadillos)LC
Greater long-nosed armadilloDasypus kappleriDasypodidae (armadillos)LC
Nine-banded armadilloDasypus novemcinctusDasypodidae (armadillos)LC
Giant armadilloPriodontes maximusDasypodidae (armadillos)VU
Black agoutiDasyprocta fuliginosaDasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)LR/lc
Central American agoutiDasyprocta punctataDasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)LR/lc
Red acouchiMyoprocta acouchyDasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)LR/lc
TucuxiSotalia fluviatilisDelphinidae (marine dolphins)DD
Brown-eared woolly opossumCaluromys lanatusDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/nt
Water opossumChironectes minimusDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/nt
White-eared opossumDidelphis albiventrisDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Common opossumDidelphis marsupialisDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Bushy-tailed opossumGlironia venustaDidelphidae (American opossums)VU
Lutrine opossumLutreolina crassicaudataDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Woolly mouse opossumMarmosa demeraraeDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Rufous mouse opossumMarmosa lepidaDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/nt
Linnaeus's mouse opossumMarmosa murinaDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Bare-tailed woolly mouse opossumMarmosa reginaDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Robinson's mouse opossumMarmosa robinsoniDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Tschudi's slender opossumMarmosops impavidusDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/nt
White-bellied slender opossumMarmosops noctivagusDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Delicate slender opossumMarmosops parvidensDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/nt
Brown four-eyed opossumMetachirus nudicaudatusDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Sepia short-tailed opossumMonodelphis adustaDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Anderson's four-eyed opossumPhilander andersoniDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
Gray four-eyed opossumPhilander opossumDidelphidae (American opossums)LR/lc
PacaranaDinomys branickiiDinomyidae (pacarana)EN
Amazon bamboo ratDactylomys dactylinusEchimyidaeLR/lc
Ferreira's spiny tree ratMesomys hispidusEchimyidaeLR/lc
Short-tailed spiny ratProechimys brevicaudaEchimyidaeLR/lc
Cuvier's spiny ratProechimys cuvieriEchimyidaeLR/lc
Napo spiny ratProechimys quadruplicatusEchimyidaeLR/lc
Simon's spiny ratProechimys simonsiEchimyidaeLR/lc
Bicolor-spined porcupineCoendou bicolorErethizontidae (New World porcupines)LR/lc
ColocoloLeopardus colocoloFelidae (cats)NT
OcelotLeopardus pardalisFelidae (cats)LC
OncillaLeopardus tigrinusFelidae (cats)NT
MargayLeopardus wiediiFelidae (cats)LC
JaguarPanthera oncaFelidae (cats)NT
CougarPuma concolorFelidae (cats)NT
JaguarundiPuma yagouaroundiFelidae (cats)LC
Amazon river dolphin, BotoInia geoffrensisIniidaeVU
Linnaeus's two-toed slothCholoepus didactylusMegalonychidae (two-toed sloths)LC
Hoffmann's two-toed slothCholoepus hoffmanniMegalonychidae (two-toed sloths)LC
Striped hog-nosed skunkConepatus semistriatusMephitidaeLR/lc
TayraEira barbaraMustelidae (mustelids)LR/lc
Greater grisonGalictis vittataMustelidae (mustelids)LR/lc
Neotropical river otterLontra longicaudisMustelidae (mustelids)DD
Amazon weaselMustela africanaMustelidae (mustelids)DD
Long-tailed weaselMustela frenataMustelidae (mustelids)LR/lc
Giant otterPteronura brasiliensisMustelidae (mustelids)EN
Giant anteaterMyrmecophaga tridactylaMyrmecophagidae (American anteaters)NT
Northern tamanduaTamandua mexicanaMyrmecophagidae (American anteaters)LC
Southern tamanduaTamandua tetradactylaMyrmecophagidae (American anteaters)LC
Tailed tailless batAnoura caudiferPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Handley's tailless batAnoura cultrataPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Geoffroy's tailless batAnoura geoffroyiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Andersen's fruit-eating batArtibeus anderseniPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Silver fruit-eating batArtibeus glaucusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Jamaican fruit batArtibeus jamaicensisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Great fruit-eating batArtibeus lituratusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Dark fruit-eating batArtibeus obscurusPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Pygmy fruit-eating batArtibeus phaeotisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Chestnut short-tailed batCarollia castaneaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Seba's short-tailed batCarollia perspicillataPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Salvin's big-eyed batChiroderma salviniPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Little big-eyed batChiroderma trinitatumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Hairy big-eyed batChiroderma villosumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Godman's long-tailed batChoeroniscus godmaniPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Minor long-nosed long-tongued batChoeroniscus minorPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Common vampire batDesmodus rotundusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
White-winged vampire batDiaemus youngiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Hairy-legged vampire batDiphylla ecaudataPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Velvety fruit-eating batEnchisthenes hartiiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Commissaris's long-tongued batGlossophaga commissarisiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Miller's long-tongued batGlossophaga longirostrisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Pallas's long-tongued batGlossophaga soricinaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Davies's big-eared batGlyphonycteris daviesiPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Tricolored big-eared batGlyphonycteris sylvestrisPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Yellow-throated big-eared batLampronycteris brachyotisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Dark long-tongued batLichonycteris obscuraPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Chestnut long-tongued batLionycteris spurrelliPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Handley's nectar batLonchophylla handleyiPhyllostomidaeVU
Orange nectar batLonchophylla robustaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Thomas's nectar batLonchophylla thomasiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Tomes's sword-nosed batLonchorhina auritaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Pygmy round-eared batLophostoma brasiliensePhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Carriker's round-eared batLophostoma carrikeriPhyllostomidaeVU
White-throated round-eared batLophostoma silvicolumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Long-legged batMacrophyllum macrophyllumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
MacConnell's batMesophylla macconnelliPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Hairy big-eared batMicronycteris hirsutaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Little big-eared batMicronycteris megalotisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
White-bellied big-eared batMicronycteris minutaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Striped hairy-nosed batMimon crenulatumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Pale-faced batPhylloderma stenopsPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Pale spear-nosed batPhyllostomus discolorPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Lesser spear-nosed batPhyllostomus elongatusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Greater spear-nosed batPhyllostomus hastatusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Short-headed broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus brachycephalusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Thomas's broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus dorsalisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Heller's broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus helleriPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Buffy broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus infuscusPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
White-lined broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus lineatusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Greater broad-nosed batPlatyrrhinus vittatusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Fischer's little fruit batRhinophylla fischeraePhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Dwarf little fruit batRhinophylla pumilioPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Visored batSphaeronycteris toxophyllumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Aratathomas's yellow-shouldered batSturnira aratathomasiPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Bidentate yellow-shouldered batSturnira bidensPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Bogota yellow-shouldered batSturnira bogotensisPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Hairy yellow-shouldered batSturnira erythromosPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Little yellow-shouldered batSturnira liliumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Highland yellow-shouldered batSturnira ludoviciPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Louis's yellow-shouldered batSturnira luisiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Greater yellow-shouldered batSturnira magnaPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Tilda's yellow-shouldered batSturnira tildaePhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Stripe-headed round-eared batTonatia saurophilaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Fringe-lipped batTrachops cirrhosusPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Niceforo's big-eared batTrinycteris niceforiPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Tent-making batUroderma bilobatumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Brown tent-making batUroderma magnirostrumPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Bidentate yellow-eared batVampyressa bidensPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Brock's yellow-eared batVampyressa brockiPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
Southern little yellow-eared batVampyressa pusillaPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Great stripe-faced batVampyrodes caraccioliPhyllostomidaeLR/lc
Spectral batVampyrum spectrumPhyllostomidaeLR/nt
White-tailed titiCallicebus discolorPitheciidaeLC
Lucifer titiCallicebus luciferPitheciidaeLC
Monk sakiPithecia monachusPitheciidaeLC
Eastern lowland olingoBassaricyon alleniProcyonidae (raccoons)LR/lc
South American coatiNasua nasuaProcyonidae (raccoons)LR/lc
KinkajouPotos flavusProcyonidae (raccoons)LR/lc
Crab-eating raccoonProcyon cancrivorusProcyonidae (raccoons)LR/lc
Amazon dwarf squirrelMicrosciurus flaviventerSciuridae (squirrels)LR/lc
Northern Amazon red squirrelSciurus igniventrisSciuridae (squirrels)LR/lc
Southern Amazon red squirrelSciurus spadiceusSciuridae (squirrels)LR/lc
Thomas' small-eared shrewCryptotis thomasiSoricidae (shrews)LR/lc
Spectacled bearTremarctos ornatusUrsidae (bears)VU
Little black serotineEptesicus andinusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Brazilian brown batEptesicus brasiliensisVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Argentine brown batEptesicus furinalisVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Big brown batEptesicus fuscusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Small big-eared brown batHistiotus montanusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Desert red batLasiurus blossevilliiVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Hoary batLasiurus cinereusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Southern yellow batLasiurus egaVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Silver-tipped myotisMyotis albescensVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Hairy-legged myotisMyotis keaysiVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Black myotisMyotis nigricansVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Montane myotisMyotis oxyotusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Riparian myotisMyotis ripariusVespertilionidaeLR/lc
Velvety myotisMyotis simusVespertilionidaeLR/lc