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Amazon Mammals

By Rhett Butler [citation]

The Amazon is home to more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet -- perhaps 30 percent of the world's species are found there.
  • More than 430 species of mammal are found in the Amazon, the majority of which are bats and rodents.
  • The Amazon is home to the world's largest rodent, the capybara which can weigh 200 pounds (91 kg).
  • Two species of freshwater dolphin live in the Amazon river.
  • Edentates -- including sloths, anteaters, and armadillos -- are common residents of the Amazon rainforest and only exist in the New World.
  • In 2013, scientists announced the discovery of a previously undescribed species of tapir.
Pictures of Amazonian mammals:

Common woolly monkey (Lagothrix lagotricha)



Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus)


Dusky Titi Monkey (Callicebus spp.)
Dusky Titi Monkey (Callicebus spp.)


Capybara leaving water with a bird on its back
Capybara leaving water with a bird on its back


Cabybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) with young along riverside
Cabybara (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) with young along riverside


Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)
Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)


Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)
Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)



Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Woolly Monkey



Capybara totally covered in mud on bank of the Rio Tambopata
Capybara totally covered in mud on bank of the Rio Tambopata


Brown Agouti (Dasyprocta variegata) on clay lick
Brown Agouti (Dasyprocta variegata) on clay lick


Baby Cabybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) along Rio Tambopata
Baby Cabybaras (Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris) along Rio Tambopata


Brown capuchin monkey
Brown capuchin monkey


Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)
Squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)


Giant river otter eating a fish in the Amazon
Giant river otter eating a fish in the Amazon


Pair of giant river otters
Pair of giant river otters


Giant river otter eating a fish in the Amazon
Giant river otter eating a fish in the Amazon


The world's largest rodent, the Capybara
The world's largest rodent, the Capybara


Capybara on bank of the Rio Tambopata
Capybara on bank of the Rio Tambopata


Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus)



Pair of tapirs in water


Capybara


Tayra (Eira barbara)


Tapir swimming


Capybara


Capybara

Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Bat
Bat



Pygmy Marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea)



Woolly Monkey


Margay sleeping atop a tree branch
Margay sleeping atop a tree branch



Giant Anteater



Sloth




Ocelot




Tayassu tajacu


Mantled Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata)


White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica)


Rufous-naped tamarin (Saguinus geoffroyi)


White-throated Capuchin Monkey (Cebus capuchinus) grooming


Peccary near a wallowing hole


Juvenile collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu)


Juvenile Javelina

Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
Margay (Leopardus wiedii)


Mountain lion (Puma concolor)
Mountain lion (Puma concolor)


Cougar (Puma concolor) [Local name - red tiger]
Cougar (Puma concolor) [Local name - red tiger]


Collared Peccaries
Collared Peccaries


Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)


Mother Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) with babies
Mother Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) with babies


Baby three-toed sloth hugging a stuffed panda in a Trio indigenous community
Baby three-toed sloth hugging a stuffed panda in a Trio indigenous community


Peccary
Peccary


Agouti
Agouti



Woolly monkey


Red howler monkey


Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)


Red howler monkey howling


Borugo (Agouti taczanowskii)


Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Headshot of a tapir (Tapirus terrestris)


Ocelot


Yellow-handed Titi Monkey


Borugo rodent


Black agouti (Dasyprocta fuliginosa)


Woolly monkey hanging upside down


Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Colombian Ocelot


Yellow-handed Titi Monkey


Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus)


Common Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus albigena)


Close headshot of a tapir


Jaguar (Panthera onca)


Jaguar


Jaguar opening its mouth


Close headshot of a tapir


Peccary looking skyward


Tayra


Puma or mountain lion (Puma concolor)



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KEY ARTICLES
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