TROPICAL RAINFORESTS

: Human Inhabitants

Graph: Carbon dioxide emissions for countries of the world

Includes carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion, cement manufacture, and gas flaring, but excludes emissions from Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF).

By country
Afghanistan | Albania | Algeria | Angola | Anguilla | Antarctic Fisheries | Antigua & Barbuda | Argentina | Armenia | Aruba | Australia | Austria | Azerbaijan | Bahamas | Bahrain | Bangladesh | Barbados | Belarus | Belgium & Luxembourg | Belgium | Belize | Benin | Bermuda | Bhutan | Bolivia | Bosnia & Herzegovina | Botswana | Brazil | British Virgin Islands | Brunei (Darussalam) | Bulgaria | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cambodia | Canada | Cape Verde | Cat | Cayman Islands | Central African Republic | Chad | Chile | China (Mainland) | China Hong Kong Sar | China | Christmas Island | Colombia | Comoros | Congo | Cook Islands | Costa Rica | Cote D Ivoire | Croatia | Cuba | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Czechoslovakia | Democratic People S Republic of Korea | Democratic Republic of the Congo (Formerly Zaire) | Democratic Republic of Vietnam | Denmark | Djibouti | Dominica | Dominican Republic | East & West Pakistan | Ecuador | Egypt | El Salvador | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Estonia | Ethiopia | Faeroe Islands | Falkland Islands (Malvinas) | Federal Republic of Germany | Federation of Malaya-Singapore | Fiji | Finland | Former Democratic Yemen | Former German Democratic Republic | Former Panama Canal Zone | Former Yemen | France (Including Monaco) | France | French Equatorial Africa | French Guiana | French Indo-China | French Polynesia | French West Africa | Gabon | Gambia | Georgia | Germany | Ghana | Gibraltar | Greece | Greenland | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Guatemala | Guinea Bissau | Guinea | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Hong Kong | Hungary | Iceland | India | Indonesia | Iran | Iraq | Ireland | Islamic Republic of Iran | Israel | Italy (Including San Marino) | Italy | Jamaica | Japan (Excluding the Ruyuku Islands) | Japan | Jordan | Kazakhstan | Kenya | Kiribati | Kuwait | Kuwaiti Oil Fires | Kyrgyzstan | Lao People S Democratic Republic | Latvia | Lebanon | Leeward Islands | Liberia | Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Macau | Macedonia | Madagascar | Malawi | Malaysia | Maldives | Mali | Malta | Marshall Islands | Martinique | Mauritania | Mauritius | Mexico | Mongolia | Montserrat | Morocco | Mozambique | Myanmar | Namibia | Nauru | Nepal | Netherland Antilles and Aruba | Netherland Antilles | Netherlands | New Caledonia | New Zealand | Nicaragua | Niger | Nigeria | Niue | Norway | Occupied Palestinian Territory | Oman | Pacific Islands (Palau) | Pakistan | Palau | Panama | Papua New Guinea | Paraguay | Peninsular Malaysia | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal | Puerto Rico | Qatar | Republic of Cameroon | Republic of Ireland | Republic of Korea | Republic of Moldova | Republic of South Vietnam | Reunion | Rhodesia-Nyasaland | Romania | Russian Federation | Rwanda-Urundi | Rwanda | Ryukyu Islands | Sabah | Saint Helena | Saint Lucia | Samoa | Sao Tome & Principe | Sarawak | Saudi Arabia | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Singapore | Slovakia | Slovenia | Solomon Islands | Somalia | South Africa | South Korea | Spain | Sri Lanka | St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla | St. Kitts-Nevis | St. Pierre & Miquelon | St. Vincent & the Grenadines | Sudan | Suriname | Swaziland | Sweden | Switzerland | Syrian Arab Republic | Taiwan | Tajikistan | Tanganyika | Thailand | Timor-Leste (Formerly East Timor) | Togo | Tonga | Trinidad and Tobago | Tunisia | Turkey | Turkmenistan | Uganda | Ukraine | United Arab Emirates | United Kingdom | United Korea | United Republic of Tanzania | United States of America | Uruguay | Ussr | Uzbekistan | Vanuatu | Venezuela | Viet Nam | Wallis and Futuna Islands | Western Sahara | Yemen | Yugoslavia (Former Socialist Federal Republic) | Yugoslavia | Zambia | Zanzibar | Zimbabwe


Data for top emitters

Countries with more than 1 million metric tons of CO2 emissions (273,000 tons of carbon) from fossil fuels combustion in any given year since 1975
[thousand metric tons of carbon]

Country19751990200020052008Change
1975-2005
Change
1990-2005
Change
2000-2005
Change
2000-2008
Algeria873521515318693768542382331%75%18%12%
Argentina258883071138472433475382267%41%13%24%
Australia4797079943897449976196168108%25%11%-4%
Belgium3329929342320222983431351-10%2%-7%5%
Brazil41224569669002895441110833132%68%6%16%
Canada10830512273914655615266815365941%24%4%1%
China31246065855492886815342441922687391%133%65%25%
Czech Republic (1)6265259394319643128730788-50%-47%-2%-2%
Egypt848120711385414731352336458%128%23%11%
Former Yugoslavia2443336356N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
France121877108576100126107631103845-12%-1%7%-4%
Germany (2)273917276425225605219177210480-20%-21%-3%-4%
India68786188344323647388321479039465%106%20%23%
Indonesia1471641032670689021299648513%120%35%10%
Iran380826195492512118919133961212%92%29%13%
Italy9335111592512207912822012501537%11%5%-2%
Japan25115831970434369535459735753441%11%3%1%
KazakhstanN/AN/A348484833859016N/AN/A39%22%
Malaysia530315433345254999250515843%224%45%1%
Mexico43319104907104704117103124450170%12%12%6%
Netherlands417294565146090477324620214%5%4%-3%
Nigeria12925123742159331055N/A140%151%44%N/A
North Korea29382667702099022765N/A-23%-66%8%N/A
Pakistan633218698290303656145093477%96%26%23%
Poland10243094876821398279190072-19%-13%1%9%
Romania4425143323239182505224404-43%-42%5%-3%
Russian FederationN/AN/A393729413322435126N/AN/A5%5%
Saudi Arabia227265864681197100100119374340%71%23%19%
South Africa5051290963100537111570120520121%23%11%8%
South Korea2224765901122071129322142230481%96%6%10%
Taiwan1186834345593737245275066510%111%22%4%
Thailand6656261355496573934768171011%183%35%4%
Turkey1791739991608246776680207278%69%11%18%
UkraineN/AN/A831788924684448N/AN/A7%-5%
United Arab Emirates847314948345663700747871337%148%7%29%
United Kingdom164628156481149578150993148818-8%-4%1%-1%
United States1220709132672515659251593086154746031%20%2%-3%
USSR8177181035386N/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
UzbekistanN/AN/A324113069936323N/AN/A-5%18%
Venezuela1740333314395764159952529139%25%5%26%
Viet Nam594558381461627774N/A367%376%90%#VALUE!





Top 10 carbon emitting countries in 1975
[thousand metric tons of carbon]

RankCountry1975
1United States1220709
2USSR817718
3China312460
4Germany (2)273917
5Japan251158
6United Kingdom164628
7France121877
8Canada108305
9Poland102430
10Italy93351


Top 10 carbon emitting countries in 1990
[thousand metric tons of carbon]

RankCountry1990
1United States1326725
2USSR1035386
3China658554
4Japan319704
5Germany (2)276425
6India188344
7United Kingdom156481
8Canada122739
9Italy115925
10France108576


Top 10 carbon emitting countries in 2005
[thousand metric tons of carbon]

RankCountry2005
1United States1593086
2China1534244
3Russian Federation413322
4India388321
5Japan354597
6Germany (2)219177
7Canada152668
8United Kingdom150993
9South Korea129322
10Italy128220


Top 10 carbon emitting countries in 2008
[thousand metric tons of carbon]

RankCountry2008
1China1922687
2United States1547460
3India479039
4Russian Federation435126
5Japan357534
6Germany (2)210480
7Canada153659
8United Kingdom148818
9South Korea142230
10Iran133961


enlarge



Projected emissions Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Country, 1990-2030
Click to enlarge


According to the Energy Information Administration, after China and the United States, among major polluters only India is expected to have significant growth of emissions over the next 20 years.

Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Country, 1990-2030
Click to enlarge


According to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA), after China and the United States, among major polluters only India is expected to have significant growth of emissions over the next 20 years.

Share of Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Country/Region, 1990-2030
Click to enlarge


Share of World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Reference Case, 1990-2030 (Quadrillion Btu)
Click to enlarge







All table data from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Data excludes emissions from land use and agriculture (including deforestation).

CITATION: Tom Boden, Gregg Marland, Robert J. Andres. Global CO2 Emissions from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Cement Manufacture, and Gas Flaring: 1751-2006. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. April 29, 2009. doi 10.3334/CDIAC/00001

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