TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation

Deforestation Figures for Selected Countries



Countries

Afghanistan  |   Albania  |   Algeria  |   American Samoa  |   Andorra  |   Angola  |   Anguilla  |   Antigua and Barbuda  |   Argentina  |   Armenia  |   Aruba  |   Australia  |   Austria  |   Azerbaijan  |   Bahamas  |   Bahrain  |   Bangladesh  |   Barbados  |   Belarus  |   Belgium  |   Belize  |   Benin  |   Bermuda  |   Bhutan  |   Bolivia  |   Bosnia and Herzegovina  |   Botswana  |   Brazil  |   Brunei  |   Brunei Darussalam  |   Bulgaria  |   Burkina Faso  |   Burundi  |   Cambodia  |   Cameroon  |   Canada  |   Cape Verde  |   Caribbean  |   Cayman Islands  |   Central African Republic  |   Central America  |   Chad  |   Chile  |   China  |   Colombia  |   Comoros  |   Congo  |   Costa Rica  |   Cote díIvoire  |   Croatia  |   Cuba  |   Cyprus  |   Czech Republic  |   Denmark  |   Djibouti  |   Dominica  |   Dominican Republic  |   DR Congo  |   East Timor  |   Ecuador  |   Egypt  |   El Salvador  |   Equatorial Guinea  |   Eritrea  |   Estonia  |   Ethiopia  |   Falkland Islands  |   Fiji  |   Finland  |   France  |   French Guiana  |   French Polynesia  |   Gabon  |   Gambia  |   Georgia  |   Germany  |   Ghana  |   Greece  |   Greenland  |   Grenada  |   Guadeloupe  |   Guam  |   Guatemala  |   Guinea  |   Guinea-Bissau  |   Guyana  |   Haiti  |   Honduras  |   Hong Kong  |   Hungary  |   Iceland  |   India  |   Indonesia  |   Iran  |   Iraq  |   Ireland  |   Israel  |   Italy  |   Jamaica  |   Japan  |   Jersey  |   Jordan  |   Kazakhstan  |   Kenya  |   Kiribati  |   Kuwait  |   Kyrgyzstan  |   Laos  |   Laos  |   Latvia  |   Lebanon  |   Lesotho  |   Liberia  |   Libya  |   Liechtenstein  |   Lithuania  |   Luxembourg  |   Macau  |   Macedonia  |   Madagascar  |   Malawi  |   Malaysia  |   Maldives  |   Mali  |   Malta  |   Marshall Islands  |   Martinique  |   Mauritania  |   Mauritius  |   Mayotte  |   Mexico  |   Micronesia  |   Moldova  |   Monaco  |   Mongolia  |   Montserrat  |   Morocco  |   Mozambique  |   Myanmar  |   Namibia  |   Nauru  |   Nepal  |   Netherlands  |   Netherlands Antilles  |   New Caledonia  |   New Zealand  |   Nicaragua  |   Niger  |   Nigeria  |   North Korea  |   Northern Mariana Islands  |   Norway  |   Oceania  |   Oman  |   Pakistan  |   Palau  |   Palestine  |   Panama  |   Papua New Guinea  |   Paraguay  |   Peru  |   Philippines  |   Pitcairn  |   Poland  |   Portugal  |   Puerto Rico  |   Qatar  |   Reunion  |   Romania  |   Russia  |   Russian Federation  |   Rwanda  |   Saint Helena  |   Saint Lucia  |   Samoa  |   San Marino  |   Sao Tome and Principe  |   Saudi Arabia  |   Senegal  |   Serbia and Montenegro  |   Seychelles  |   Sierra Leone  |   Singapore  |   Slovakia  |   Slovenia  |   Solomon Islands  |   Somalia  |   South Africa  |   South America  |   South Korea  |   Spain  |   Sri Lanka  |   Sudan  |   Suriname  |   Swaziland  |   Sweden  |   Switzerland  |   Syria  |   Taiwan  |   Tajikistan  |   Tanzania  |   Thailand  |   Timor-Leste  |   Togo  |   Tokelau  |   Tonga  |   Trinidad and Tobago  |   Tunisia  |   Turkey  |   Turkmenistan  |   Turks and Caicos Islands  |   Tuvalu  |   Uganda  |   Ukraine  |   United Arab Emirates  |   United Kingdom  |   United States  |   United States of America  |   United States Virgin Islands  |   Uruguay  |   Uzbekistan  |   Vanuatu  |   Venezuela  |   Viet Nam  |   Vietnam  |   Virgin Islands  |   Western Sahara  |   Yemen  |   Zambia  |   Zimbabwe

Deforestation figures and charts
Summarized forest cover data including emissions from deforestation (when available)

Afghanistan  |   Albania  |   Algeria  |   American Samoa  |   Andorra  |   Angola  |   Anguilla  |   Antigua and Barbuda  |   Argentina  |   Armenia  |   Aruba  |   Australia  |   Austria  |   Azerbaijan  |   Bahamas  |   Bahrain  |   Bangladesh  |   Barbados  |   Belarus  |   Belgium  |   Belize  |   Benin  |   Bermuda  |   Bhutan  |   Bolivia  |   Bosnia and Herzegovina  |   Botswana  |   Brazil  |   British Indian Ocean Territory  |   British Virgin Islands  |   Brunei Darussalam  |   Bulgaria  |   Burkina Faso  |   Burundi  |   Cambodia  |   Cameroon  |   Canada  |   Cape Verde  |   Cayman Islands  |   Central African Republic  |   Chad  |   Channel Islands  |   Chile  |   China  |   Colombia  |   Comoros  |   Congo  |   Cook Islands  |   Costa Rica  |   Côte d'Ivoire  |   Croatia  |   Cuba  |   Cyprus  |   Czech Republic  |   Democratic Republic of the Congo  |   Denmark  |   Djibouti  |   Dominica  |   Dominican Republic  |   Ecuador  |   Egypt  |   El Salvador  |   Equatorial Guinea  |   Eritrea  |   Estonia  |   Ethiopia  |   Faeroe Islands  |   Falkland Islands  |   Fiji  |   Finland  |   France  |   French Guiana  |   French Polynesia  |   Gabon  |   Gambia  |   Georgia  |   Germany  |   Ghana  |   Gibraltar  |   Greece  |   Greenland  |   Grenada  |   Guadeloupe  |   Guam  |   Guatemala  |   Guinea  |   Guinea-Bissau  |   Guyana  |   Haiti  |   Holy See  |   Honduras  |   Hungary  |   Iceland  |   India  |   Indonesia  |   Iran  |   Iraq  |   Ireland  |   Isle of Man  |   Israel  |   Italy  |   Jamaica  |   Japan  |   Jordan  |   Kazakhstan  |   Kenya  |   Kiribati  |   Kuwait  |   Kyrgyzstan  |   Laos  |   Latvia  |   Lebanon  |   Lesotho  |   Liberia  |   Libya  |   Liechtenstein  |   Lithuania  |   Luxembourg  |   Macedonia  |   Madagascar  |   Malawi  |   Malaysia  |   Maldives  |   Mali  |   Malta  |   Marshall Islands  |   Martinique  |   Mauritania  |   Mauritius  |   Mayotte  |   Mexico  |   Micronesia  |   Moldova  |   Monaco  |   Mongolia  |   Montserrat  |   Morocco  |   Mozambique  |   Myanmar  |   Namibia  |   Nauru  |   Nepal  |   Netherlands  |   Netherlands Antilles  |   New Caledonia  |   New Zealand  |   Nicaragua  |   Niger  |   Nigeria  |   Niue  |   North Korea  |   Northern Mariana Islands  |   Norway  |   Oman  |   Pakistan  |   Palau  |   Palestine  |   Panama  |   Papua New Guinea  |   Paraguay  |   Peru  |   Philippines  |   Pitcairn  |   Poland  |   Portugal  |   Puerto Rico  |   Qatar  |   Réunion  |   Romania  |   Russian Federation  |   Rwanda  |   Saint Helena  |   Saint Kitts and Nevis  |   Saint Lucia  |   Saint Pierre and Miquelon  |   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  |   Samoa  |   San Marino  |   Sao Tome and Principe  |   Saudi Arabia  |   Senegal  |   Serbia and Montenegro  |   Seychelles  |   Sierra Leone  |   Singapore  |   Slovakia  |   Slovenia  |   Solomon Islands  |   Somalia  |   South Africa  |   South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands  |   South Korea  |   Spain  |   Sri Lanka  |   Sudan  |   Suriname  |   Swaziland  |   Sweden  |   Switzerland  |   Syrian Arab Republic  |   Tajikistan  |   Tanzania  |   Thailand  |   Timor-Leste  |   Togo  |   Tokelau  |   Tonga  |   Trinidad and Tobago  |   Tunisia  |   Turkey  |   Turkmenistan  |   Turks and Caicos Islands  |   Tuvalu  |   Uganda  |   Ukraine  |   United Arab Emirates  |   United Kingdom  |   United States  |   United States Virgin Islands  |   Uruguay  |   Uzbekistan  |   Vanuatu  |   Venezuela  |   Viet Nam  |   Wallis and Futuna Islands  |   Western Sahara  |   Yemen  |   Zambia  |   Zimbabwe

Recent deforestation news articles
[from the deforestation blog]

Behind of the scenes of Showtime's blockbuster series on climate change

(04/18/2014) For years climate change activists and environmentalists have been clamoring for a high-profile, high-impact TV series about climate change to make Americans more aware of an issue that will affect billions of people around the globe in coming decades. This week they finally got it when Showtime released the first episode of Years of Living Dangerously, a big-budget TV series featuring a number of Hollywood's biggest stars as reporters and corespondents.


Rainforests on fire: climate change is pushing the Amazon over the edge

(04/18/2014) From 1999-2010, nearly three percent of the Amazon rainforest burned, and climate forecasts indicate dry conditions conducive to fire will only become more commonplace in the future. A new study indicates that rainforests are more vulnerable to fire than previously thought, and it warns the current combination of climate change and deforestation may be pushing Amazon forests past the breaking point.


Next big idea in forest conservation? Maps for the masses

(04/18/2014) Mark Mulligan makes maps for the masses. In his work on tropical forests, Mulligan uses GIS, modeling, remote sensing, and lab experiments to turn research into datasets and policy support systems, which are available online for use in development, decision-making, and education.


Is Aru safe? Indonesia suspends plan to clear half the islands' forests

(04/17/2014) Aru, an area made up of about ninety-five low-lying islands in the Maluku province of eastern Indonesia, has suspended a plan to clear half of its total forest cover for sugar cane. However, the island paradise is still not safe from large-scale deforestation, according to a report from Mongabay-Indonesia.


Legal logging concessions drive illegal logging in Peru, threatening forests and indigenous people

(04/17/2014) Nearly 70 percent of "officially inspected" logging concessions in Peru have had their permits canceled or are under investigation for major breaches of forestry laws, finds a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports. Worryingly, the research also concludes that forestry permits are being widely used to launder timber illegally logged from outside concession areas.


Malaysia at risk of falling behind in push for more sustainable palm oil

(04/17/2014) The Malaysian state should play a more active role in supporting the transition toward less environmentally destructive palm oil production, says a coalition of Malaysian NGO's. In a statement issued Sunday, the Malaysian Palm Oil NGO Coalition (MPONGOC) urged Malaysian banks, palm oil associations, and other government-backed institutions to commit to 'improving social and environmental standards in the palm oil industry'.


Ants plant rainforests, one seed at a time

(04/14/2014) Deforestation is destroying forests around the world, but its effects are especially obvious in the Amazon Basin. Due to cattle ranching, soybean farming, logging, and slash-and-burn agriculture, the rainforest is disappearing at a rapid pace. But a recent study published in the Journal of Ecology offers a unique solution to replanting the deforested landscapes: ants.


Forests in Indonesia's concession areas being rapidly destroyed

(04/10/2014) Forest clearing within areas zoned for timber, logging, oil palm, and mining accounted for nearly 45 percent of deforestation in Indonesia between 2000 and 2010, finds a new study that examined forest loss within industrial concessions.


Next big idea in forest conservation? Empowering everyone to watch over forests

(04/10/2014) Nigel Sizer has worked on the forefront of global forest issues for decades. Currently, he is the Global Director of the World Resource Institute's (WRI) Forests Program, whose projects include the Global Forest Watch, the Forest Legality Alliance, and the Global Restoration Initiative. These programs work with governments, businesses, and civil society with the aim of sustaining forests for generations to come.


A new face for palm oil? How a small co-op is changing the industry in Honduras

(04/10/2014) Expanding oil palm plantations are among the top reasons for deforestation globally, along with cattle ranching, timber, and soy. However, a small palm oil production outfit recently became the first cooperative in the world to achieve Rainforest Alliance certification for sustainable growth of African palms, employing a number of innovations to ensure the prosperity of both forests and local communities.


Cargill commits to zero deforestation, but environmentalists have questions

(04/09/2014) After years of criticism from environmental groups, Cargill says it will establish policies to eliminate deforestation, peatlands conversion, and social conflict from its palm oil supply chain. But activists aren't yet sure what to make of the agribusiness giant's pledge. On Tuesday Cargill released a letter it sent to the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), a body that sets eco-certification standards, in response to a Greenpeace Report linking it to deforestation.


Emissions from rainforest logging average 16% of those from deforestation

(04/08/2014) Carbon emissions from selective logging operations in tropical rainforests are roughly a sixth of those from outright forest clearing, finds a new study that evaluated 13 forestry concessions in six countries. The study analyzed carbon losses from elements of logging operations, including timber extraction, collateral damage to surrounding vegetation, and logging infrastructure like roads and skid trails.


Procter & Gamble, Cargill pledge to cut deforestation linked to palm oil

(04/08/2014) Procter & Gamble (P&G) and Cargill today announced new measures to cut deforestation from their palm oil supply chains. P&G (NYSE:PG), a consumer products giant that owns brands like Head & Shoulders and Oil of Olay, pledged to establish traceability of palm oil to supplier mills by the end of 2015. The policy commits it to eliminate deforestation from its supply chain by 2020.


Australia proposes banning environmental boycotts

(04/07/2014) What do you do when a company is repeatedly caught trashing the environment and refuses to change its ways? Boycott! Activists and campaigners often use boycotting a company's products when other methods have failed, yet in Australia such boycotts could soon become illegal.


Malaysian palm oil giant tied to social conflict, deforestation, says report

(04/03/2014) Unlike other palm oil giants that have recently made strong commitments to eliminating deforestation and social conflict from their supply chains, Malaysia-based Kuala Lumpur Kepong (KLK) continues to source palm oil associated with forest destruction and community conflict, argues a new report published by the Rainforest Action Network (RAN).


Schwarzenegger targeted by environmentalists for investments in forest-destroying companies

(03/31/2014) Former movie star and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger is facing criticism after Global Witness produced evidence that his investment company is profiting off rainforest destruction in Southeast Asia. The findings are significant because Schwarzenegger championed rainforest conservation while serving as governor of California.


Just how bad is the logging crisis in Myanmar? 72 percent of exports illegal

(03/26/2014) Just days before Myanmar, also known as Burma, implements a ban on exporting raw logs, the Environmental Investigative Agency (EIA) has released a new report that captures the sheer scale of the country's illegal logging crisis. According to the EIA, new data shows that 72 percent of logs exported from Myanmar between 2000-2013 were illegally harvested.


Deforestation makes Indonesia hotter, reduces quality of life

(03/26/2014) One of the reasons I like living in the tropics is that they are perpetually warm. A pair of shorts and a light shirt will comfortably get you through the day and night in most parts of Indonesia. Still there are the occasional unpleasant extremes. Even the most cold-blooded creature will likely break into a sweat walking for more than a few minutes in the sun filtering through Jakarta’s polluted skies. We consider such heat a normal part of the tropics. But is it really?


Grocery giant commits to zero-deforestation policy for palm oil sourcing

(03/25/2014) Safeway has become the latest company to establish a policy that excludes deforestation-linked palm oil from its products.


Long lost mammal photographed on camera trap in Vietnam

(03/25/2014) In 1929, two sons of Theodore Roosevelt (Teddy Junior and Kermit) led an expedition that killed a barking deer, or muntjac, in present-day Laos, which has left scientists puzzled for over 80 years. At first scientists believed it to be a distinct species of muntjac and named it Roosevelts' muntjac (Muntiacus rooseveltorum), however that designation was soon cast into doubt with some scientists claiming it was a specimen of an already-known muntjac or a subspecies. The problem was compounded by the fact that the animal simply disappeared in the wild. No one ever documented a living Roosevelts' muntjac again—until now.


Indigenous communities demand forest rights, blame land grabs for failure to curb deforestation

(03/25/2014) Indigenous and forest-dependent peoples from Asia, Africa and Latin America have called for increased recognition of customary land rights in order to curb deforestation and ensure the survival of their communities. The Palangkaraya Declaration on Deforestation and the Rights of Forest Peoples calls on governments to uphold forest peoples’ rights to control and manage their customary lands and to halt rights-violating development projects being carried out without consent from local communities.


General Mills, Colgate-Palmolive announce deforestation-free policies for palm oil sourcing

(03/24/2014) Two consumer products giants have joined the wave of companies committing to deforestation-free palm oil. On Monday General Mills and Colgate-Palmolive both announced palm oil policies that go beyond standards set by the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), the industry's main certification body. The policies include provisions to protect wildlife-rich rainforests and carbon-dense peatlands, while respecting the rights of local communities.


Scientists urge ban on roads in intact wilderness areas

(03/21/2014) A group of prominent scientists chose to mark the second International Day of Forests by urging the world to support an initiative that aims keep wild areas free of roads. Roadfree, an initiative led by Member of the European Parliament Kriton Arsenis, has been growing in prominence over the past year, gaining supporters ranging from indigenous rights leaders to deep ecologists. Now the Alliance of Leading Environmental Researchers and Thinkers (ALERT) has thrown its weight behind the concept.


Indigenous people witness climate change in the Congo Rainforest

(03/20/2014) Indigenous communities in the Republic of Congo are observing climate change even though they have no knowledge of the science, according to a unique collaboration between the Rainforest Foundation UK (RFUK) and local communities. The environmental changes witnessed by the locals in the Congo rainforest include increased temperature, less rainfall and alterations to the seasons, much as expected under global climate change.


Community's push to clear forest for plantation challenges efforts to conserve in Indonesia

(03/20/2014) In the swampy peatlands of Basilam Baru in Sumatra's Riau Province a conflict between a community and a woodpulp company is illustrating some of the intractable challenges of conserving forests and addressing deforestation in Indonesia. On first glance the story seems depressingly familiar. One actor wants to preserve the forest, which serves as critical habitat for endangered Sumatran tigers and clouded leopards. The other wants to clear it for a plantation.


Deforestation tracking system recognized with global innovation award

(03/19/2014) A global deforestation tracking tool developed by Mongabay and NASA has been honored as a Finalist for the 2013 Katerva Award.


Photos: Forests, peatlands, plantations, and deforestation in Riau

(03/19/2014) Indonesia's Riau Province on the island of Sumatra has experienced rapid deforestation since the early 1990's, with primary forest cover plummeting by 85 percent in twenty years. Most of this forest loss has been driven by plantation development for timber, woodpulp, and palm oil production.


Leftover trees enhance the biodiversity of new forests

(03/18/2014) Trees left standing after deforestation have a discernible impact on the composition of local biodiversity in secondary growth forests, according to a new study published in PLOS ONE. Researchers working on the Osa Peninsula in Costa Rica discovered that remnant trees could affect species composition of regenerated forests up to 20 years after being logged.


APP pledges to restore forests, if given the opportunity

(03/18/2014) Over the past 20 years, Sumatra's lowland rainforests have been destroyed at a virtually unmatched rate and scale. Since 1990, the island's primary forests shrank by 40 percent while its overall forest cover declined by 36 percent, mostly the result of logging, agricultural expansion, and conversion for oil palm and timber plantations. What little forest does survive is often degraded — today less than 8 percent of Sumatra retains primary forest.


Will zero deforestation commitments save Indonesia's forests?

(03/17/2014) Skirting the Malacca Strait near the Indonesian city of Dumai the air is thick with haze from peat fires burning below. As the sky clears, a landscape of sharply-cut geometric shapes becomes apparent. What was once carbon-dense peat forests and rainforests are today massive oil palm and wood pulp plantations.


Logging giant suspends operations to fend off plantations from fires

(03/15/2014) Indonesian Pulp & paper giant Asia Pacific Resources International Limited (APRIL) says it has suspended operations at a concession in Riau Province in order to shift staff toward fighting back fires that threaten its plantations. In a statement issued Friday, APRIL said its plantations on Pulau Padang, a peat island off the coast of Sumatra, are at risk due to fires illegally set outside its concessions.


Indonesian sugar company poised to destroy half of island paradise's forests

(03/14/2014) An Indonesian plantation company may be preparing to destroy up to half of the natural forests on Indonesia's remote Aru Islands, reports Forest Watch Indonesia. Analyzing land use plans for Aru, Forest Watch Indonesia found that local government officials have turned over 480,000 hectares (1.2 million acres) to 28 companies held by PT. Menara Group, a plantation conglomerate. 76 percent of the area is currently natural forest. Converting the area to sugar plantations would cut Aru's forest cover by half, from 730,000 ha to 365,000 ha.


Sumatra on fire: burning spikes in Indonesia

(03/13/2014) Fires in Sumatra's Riau province have spiked to levels unseen since last June, finds new analysis from the World Resources Institute (WRI) that reveals widespread burning within concessions managed by pulpwood, palm oil, and logging companies.


Indonesia politician gets 14 years in jail for illegal permits, forest corruption

(03/13/2014) The former governor of Indonesia’s Riau province has been sentenced to 14 years in prison and ordered to pay almost $90,000 in fines for illegally issuing logging permits in Riau and bribes linked to construction projects for sports facilities. On Wednesday, the anti-corruption court in Pekanbaru found former Riau Governor Rusli Zainal guilty of embezzlement relating to the illegal issuance of logging permits in the central Sumatran province, which has seen huge areas of forest lost to palm oil and pulp and paper companies in recent years.


Progressive palm oil group opens door to companies, NGO's adopting zero deforestation policies

(03/12/2014) The Palm Oil Innovation Group (POIG), an alliance formed last year, has opened its doors to new members who commit to social and environmental safeguards that go beyond the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) eco-certification standard.


Cocaine: the new face of deforestation in Central America

(03/11/2014) In 2006, Mexico intensified its security strategy, forming an inhospitable environment for drug trafficking organizations (also known as DTOs) within the nation. The drug cartels responded by creating new trade routes along the border of Guatemala and Honduras. Soon shipments of cocaine from South America began to flow through the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC). This multi-national swathe of forest, encompassing several national parks and protected areas, was originally created to protect endangered species, such as Baird's Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) and jaguar (Panthera onca), as well as the world's second largest coral reef. Today, its future hinges on the world's drug producers and consumers.


Photos: Greenpeace stages protest in rainforest destroyed for palm oil

(03/10/2014) On Monday, Greenpeace activists in Indonesia staged a dramatic protest in an area of rainforest freshly cleared for a new oil palm plantation in Central Kalimantan. The demonstration came under the group's campaign to push consumer products giant Proctor & Gamble (P&G) to strengthen its palm oil sourcing policy to include a zero deforestation commitment like those signed recently by Nestle, Neste Oil, and Kellogg's, among others.


Next big idea in forest conservation? Privatizing conservation management

(03/07/2014) Is it possible to equitably divide the planet’s resources between human and non-human societies? Can we ensure prosperity and rights both to people and to the ecosystems on which they rely? In the island archipelago of Indonesia, these questions become more pressing as the unique ecosystems of this global biodiversity hotspot continue to rapidly vanish in the wake of land conversion (mostly due to palm oil, poor forest management and corruption. For 22 years, Dr. Erik Meijaard has worked in Indonesia. Now, from his home office in the capitol city, Jakarta, he runs the terrestrial branch of an independent conservation consultancy, People and Nature Consulting International (PNCI).


Peatlands biosphere reserve facing severe encroachment in Sumatra

(03/06/2014) An important reserve that contains a block of fast-dwindling lowland swamp forest in Riau Province is facing an onslaught of encroachment for illegal oil palm plantations, worsening choking haze in the region, reports Mongabay-Indonesia.


Scientists blast Australian leader's proposed ban on parks

(03/05/2014) A group of prominent scientists have blasted Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s pledge to oppose the creation of any new protected areas in Australia. The Alliance of Leading Environmental Researchers and Thinkers or ALERT, a coalition of conservation scientists, said Abbott is sending the wrong message to the world in promoting industrial logging over protection of the country's native forests.


Fast food companies are laggards on palm oil sourcing safeguards

(03/05/2014) Fast food companies are lagging behind other consumer products companies in efforts to establish policies that favor deforestation-free and conflict-free palm oil, finds a new assessment published by the Union of Concerned Scientists, an advocacy group. The report, titled 'Donuts, Deodorant, Deforestation: Scoring America's Top Brands on Their Palm Oil Commitments', looked at palm oil sourcing policies of 30 of the largest fast food, personal care, and packaged food corporations in the United States. It found leadership by a handful of firms.


Greenpeace stunt targets Procter & Gamble’s Cincinnati headquarters over palm oil

(03/04/2014) Several Greenpeace activists were arrested after they scaled Procter & Gamble's headquarters in a demonstration against the company's use of palm oil linked to deforestation in Indonesia.


NASA photo reveals ongoing haze problem in Sumatra

(03/01/2014) A new satellite image released by NASA highlights Indonesia's ongoing problem with haze caused by land-clearing fires set across carbon-dense peatlands on the island of Sumatra.


Sharp jump in deforestation when Amazon parks lose protected status

(03/01/2014) Areas that have had their protected status removed or reduced have experienced a sharp increase in forest loss thereafter, finds a new study published by Imazon, a Brazilian NGO.


Palm oil's climate impact worse than thought due to methane emissions

(02/27/2014) Methane leaks from palm oil wastewater significantly increases the climate impact of palm oil production beyond emissions from land clearance, fire, and peatlands drainage, reports a new study published in Nature Climate Change. The research, led by Philip. G. Taylor of the University of Colorado, finds that annual methane emissions from palm oil wastewater effluent amount to the equivalent of 115 million tons carbon dioxide in Malaysia and Indonesia alone, or roughly 15 percent of total emissions from peat oxidation and land use change in the two countries.


Procter & Gamble's palm oil suppliers linked to deforestation (photos)

(02/26/2014) A year-long investigation by Greenpeace has found companies that supply Procter & Gamble (P&G) (NYSE:PG) with palm oil are engaged in clearing of rainforests and peatlands in Indonesia, suggesting that Head & Shoulders shampoo and other consumer products made by the company may be linked to forest destruction.


Borneo monkeys lose a tenth of their habitat in a decade

(02/25/2014) Four species of langurs monkeys that are endemic to Borneo lost more than a tenth of their habitat in just ten years, finds a study published in the journal Biodiversity and Conservation.


New forest map for Sarawak reveals large-scale deforestation, encroachment on indigenous territories

(02/24/2014) A new online platform released by the Bruno Manser Fund reveals large-scale destruction of Sarawak's rainforests, peatlands, and traditional lands. Drawing from a variety of sources, the Sarawak Geoportal includes data on logging concessions, oil palm plantations, existing and proposed dams, historical forest cover, the extent of indigenous cultivated areas, election results, and area where there are current native customary rights (NCR) disputes.


If Indonesia can't protect its orangutans, why doesn't it just 'sell' them?

(02/23/2014) It is obvious that at the moment Indonesia neither has the political commitment nor ability to safeguard its dwindling populations of orangutans. Despite its Presidentially supported Action Plan to stabilize all remaining wild populations by 2017, orangutan habitats in Sumatra and Borneo are disappearing as rapidly as ever.


Revolutionary Google-backed system unlocks power of 'big data' to save forests

(02/20/2014) World Resources Institute (WRI) today announced the release of a tool that promises to revolutionize forest monitoring. The platform, called Global Forest Watch and developed over several years with more than 40 partners, draws from a rich array of big data related to the word's forests and translates it into interactive maps and charts that reveal trends in deforestation, forest recovery, and industrial forestry expansion. Global Forest Watch is the first tool to monitors global forests on a monthly basis, allowing authorities and conservationists to potentially take action against deforestation as it is occurring.


APP, environmentalists talk future of Indonesia's forests

(02/20/2014) In February 2013, one of the world's most notorious forestry companies announced it would no longer chop down rainforests and peatlands to produce pulp and paper. The move was met with considerable skepticism by critics who had seen the company break previous high profile commitments to end deforestation. Why would this time be any different?


The making of Amazon Gold: once more unto the breach

(02/19/2014) When Sarah duPont first visited the Peruvian Amazon rainforest in the summer of 1999, it was a different place than it is today. Oceans of green, tranquil forest, met the eye at every turn. At dawn, her brain struggled to comprehend the onslaught of morning calls and duets of the nearly 600 species of birds resounding under the canopy. Today, the director of the new award-winning film, Amazon Gold, reports that "roads have been built and people have arrived. It has become a new wild west, a place without law. People driven by poverty and the desire for a better life have come, exploiting the sacred ground."


Conservation groups launch new whistleblower site for wildlife and forest crimes

(02/18/2014) Welcome to Wildleaks: a new website that aims to give the global public a secure and anonymous platform to report wildlife trafficking and illegal deforestation. The illegal wildlife trade has become one of the world's largest criminal activities in recent years, decimating elephants, rhinos, tigers, primates, and thousands of lesser known species. Meanwhile, illegal logging is rampant in many parts of the world, imperiling biodiversity, undercutting locals, and robbing governments of revenue.


Next big idea in forest conservation? Incentivizing keeping primary forests intact

(02/07/2014) Much of Dr. Corey Bradshaw's work has a singular aim: to keep primary habitats and functioning ecosystems intact. According to Bradshaw, the existing system of carbon trading rules needs to be changed so that primary forests are given a higher value than other forms of land use. 'Nothing, can replace primary vegetation, both in terms of biodiversity value and other ecosystem services.'


REDD+ could fail without near-term financial support

(02/06/2014) An ambitious plan to save the world's tropical forests by valuing them for the carbon the store may fail to reduce deforestation unless governments and multilateral institutions significantly scale up financial commitments to the program, argues a new report published by the Global Canopy Programme, the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, Fauna & Flora International, and UNEP Finance Initiative.


Peatland plantations drive steep GHG emissions in Indonesia's Riau Province

(02/05/2014) Versatile is the best way to describe the reddish brown fruit born from oil palm trees. Both the flesh and seed of the fruit is used in many applications including cooking, cosmetics, and biofuel. In addition, the fruit is composed of 50 percent oil, making it a highly efficient product that requires less land than other oil producing crops.


Australia proposes removing old-growth forests from World Heritage Site

(02/03/2014) Last year, after decades of fighting, environmentalists and the forestry industry reached a landmark agreement that added 170,000 hectares of old-growth forest in Tasmania as a part of a World Heritage Site. But less than a year later and that so-called peace agreement is in danger of unraveling. The new Australian government, under Prime Minister Tony Abbott, is going ahead with removing 74,000 hectares (43 percent) from the World Heritage site.


L'Oreal pledges to wipe out forest destruction from its products by 2020

(01/31/2014) French cosmetics giant, L'Oreal, has pledged to stop using palm oil linked to deforestation for its products by 2020. Palm oil, which is found in both cosmetics and many food items, has been linked to widespread deforestation in places like Indonesia and Malaysia, decimating biodiversity and contributing to global warming. The crop, which is both high-yield and lucrative, is now becoming increasingly popular in Africa and Latin America as well.


APRIL's green pledge falls short, say environmentalists

(01/31/2014) Asia Pacific Resources International Holdings Ltd (APRIL), Indonesia's second-largest pulp and paper producer, has announced a new environmental policy that aims to stem criticism about its forestry practices, which include large-scale conversion of rainforests and peatlands in Sumatra. But environmentalists say the pledge falls far short of the commitment made by APRIL's biggest competitor, Asia Pulp & Paper (APP), last year.


NASA data reveals impact of cyclones on forests in Vietnam, Madagascar

(01/30/2014) Forest disturbance in Madagascar and Vietnam increased significantly in the aftermath of cyclones that hit the countries last year, according to a forest tracking tool developed by a team of NASA researchers.


Indonesian logger faces expulsion from business sustainability group

(01/17/2014) Indonesian pulp and paper giant Asia Pacific Resources International Limited (ARPIL) faces expulsion from the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), a body of 200 large companies that have made sustainability commitments, if it fails to stop clearing rainforests and peatlands on the island of Sumatra, reports Greenpeace.


Land conflicts complicate effort to spare forests from palm oil in Borneo

(01/17/2014) A widely-heralded effort to spare carbon-dense rainforests and peatlands from palm oil development in Indonesian Borneo is facing new criticism after an investigation by rights groups found evidence of unresolved conflicts over community land. The report, published Friday by the Forest Peoples Program and TUK-Indonesia, looked at a carbon conservation pilot project run by Golden Agri Resources (GAR), a Singapore-based agribusiness giant that is one of Indonesia's largest palm oil producers.


Environmental groups: top secret Pacific trade agreement to sacrifice wildlife, environment

(01/16/2014) Environmental groups have blasted draft text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) released yesterday by WikiLeaks as potentially devastating to the environment and wildlife. The massive 12-nation free trade agreement has been negotiated in secret now for almost four years, and the information release by WikiLeaks shows that key environmental safeguards in the agreement are being stripped away, including a ban on shark finning and illegal logging, as well as legally-enforced pollution regulations.


Population growth and associated food demand to take heavy toll on rainforests

(01/16/2014) Human population growth and associated food demand will likely take a heavy toll on tropical ecosystems unless major shifts occur in how crops are produced and consumed, warns a new review published in Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Noting that projections published by the U.N. now forecast the human population to swell to 11 billion before the end of the century, William F. Laurance, Jeffrey Sayer, and Kenneth Cassman highlight potential impacts of agricultural expansion on biodiversity in the tropics.


In precedent-setting case, palm oil company fined $30M for destroying orangutan forest

(01/09/2014) In a precedent-setting case, an Indonesian court has found a palm oil company guilty of violating environmental laws and ordered it to pay $30 million in fines and reparations for clearing an area of protected peat forest that is a stronghold for endangered orangutans in Indonesia's Aceh Province. In a ruling handed down Wednesday, the Meulaboh district court concluded that PT Kallista Alam illegally cleared and burned forest within the the protected Tripa peat swamp in northwestern Sumatra.


Company accused of logging endangered rainforest trees in breach of timber legality certificate

(01/07/2014) An Indonesian wood supplier that was recently certified under the country’s legal timber verification scheme has been clearing natural forests – including stands of endangered ramin trees – and draining peat swamps on its concession, alleges a local environmental watchdog. The company, the group says, is also implicated in corruption linked to its concession permit. The organization is calling for the company’s legal timber certification to be revoked and urging auditors not to issue legality certificates to companies involved in corruption.


Brazil begins evicting illegal settlers from hugely-imperiled indigenous reserve

(01/06/2014) Months after closing sawmills on the fringes of an indigenous reserve for the hugely-imperiled Awá people, the Brazil government has now moved into the reserve itself to evict illegal settlers in the eastern Amazon. According to the NGO Survival International, Brazil has sent in the military and other government agents to deal with massive illegal settlements on Awá land for logging or cattle.


Rainforest news review for 2013

(12/26/2013) 2013 was full of major developments in efforts to understand and protect the world's tropical rainforests. The following is a review of some of the major tropical forest-related news stories for the year. As a review, this post will not cover everything that transpired during 2013 in the world of tropical forests. Please feel free to highlight anything this post missed via the comments section at the bottom. Also please note that this review focuses only on tropical forests.


Indonesia appoints head of REDD+ agency to implement forest conservation plan

(12/20/2013) Indonesia has selected the first chief of its new REDD+ agency: Heru Prasetyo, an administrator and former private sector management consultant, reports Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's office. Prasetyo will take up the challenging task of implementing Indonesia's REDD+ program, which aims to steer the Southeast Asian nation away from business-as-usual management of its fast dwindling forests. The REDD+ program is part of the broader government plan to cut Indonesia's greenhouse has emissions by at least 26 percent from a projected 2020 baseline.


UN raps Malaysia on palm oil abuses, risks

(12/19/2013) Malaysia's push to join the ranks of rich countries shouldn't come at the expense of the environment or the vulnerable groups, warned a U.N. expert after a visit to the Southeast Asian nation.


Ongoing deforestation reported in Borneo concession held by APP supplier

(12/18/2013) Up to 1,400 hectares of forest have been cleared in a concession belonging to an Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) supplier in Borneo, potentially putting the company in breach of the forestry giant's zero deforestation commitment, reports a coalition of local NGO's. In a report released Tuesday, Relawan Pemantau Hutan Kalimantan (RPHK), a coalition of NGO's in part supported by WWF-Indonesia, said that blocks of natural forest have been cleared in a concession belonging to PT Daya Tani Kalbar (DTK), an APP supplier. The clearing has taken place since APP's moratorium went into effect February 1, 2013.


Madagascar's most famous lemur facing big threats

(12/18/2013) The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), perhaps the most well-known of Madagascar’s endemic animals, is facing a "very high" risk of extinction in the wild. The Madagascar Section of the IUCN Primate Specialist Group reassessed the Red List status of ring-tailed lemurs and upgraded the species from Near-Threatened (2008) to Endangered (2012). Ring-tailed lemurs are facing extinction in some parts of Madagascar because of continued habitat loss, and more recently, species exploitation.


Canada's biggest logger loses eco-certification

(12/17/2013) Resolute Forest Products, the largest industrial logging company in Canada, suffered a major setback this week when the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) revoked three certifications for the forestry giant. According to Greenpeace, the company lost its certification in Quebec and Ontario due to several problems, including a lack of consent from the Crees nations and failure to safeguard high priority conservation areas.


Democratizing forest monitoring on a global scale

(12/17/2013) Efforts to map and analyze deforestation and forest degradation got a boost today when Stanford University announced a new online course that provides training on how to use advance forest monitoring software. The course, which is freely available via Stanford University Online Learning, could immediately increase the capacity of environmentalists, forest managers, and researchers to track changes in forest cover.


Reforestation can't offset massive fossil fuels emissions

(12/13/2013) With the Australian, Japanese, and Canadian governments making an about-face on carbon-emissions reduction targets during the Warsaw climate summit, some experts are warning that the global need for solutions offsetting CO2 emissions is passing a "red line." Land-based mitigation practices comprise one of the solutions on the table as a result of both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol; however, a paper published in Nature Climate Change by an international team led by Brendan Mackey, has raised the looming question of whether or not land-based practices can actually improve CO2 levels as much as hoped.


Featured video: U.S. forests decimated for 'green' bio-energy in Europe

(12/12/2013) Wetland forests in the southern U.S. are becoming the victims of a drive for so-called green energy in Europe, according to activist group Dogwood Alliance, which has produced a new video highlighting the issue. The activists contend that bio-energy that depends on chopping down forests not only devastates vital ecosystems, but actually emits more greenhouse gases than traditional fossil fuels.


Logging kingpin linked to kidnapping, violent assault seeks legitimacy via IPO

(12/11/2013) A businessman whose company kidnapped and violently assaulted environmentalists investigating illegal logging in a national park is set to earn millions of dollars from Thursday's initial public offering of Sawit Sumbermas Sarana, a palm oil company with holdings in Indonesian Borneo. Environmentalists are warning responsible investors to steer clear of the IPO.


Environmentalists call for recognition of orangutan, rhino habitat as heritage site

(12/11/2013) Environmentalists in Indonesia's Aceh Province are calling upon the local governor to nominate the Leuser Ecosystem as a UNESCO World Heritage Site to help protect the area — one of the last places where rhinos, elephants, tigers, and orangutans share the same habitat — from new legislation that would grant large blocks of forest for logging concessions, mining, and industrial plantations.


Top 10 Environmental Stories of 2013

(12/10/2013) 1. Carbon concentrations hit 400ppm while the IPCC sets global carbon budget: For the first time since our appearance on Earth, carbon concentrations in the atmosphere hit 400 parts per million. The last time concentrations were this high for a sustained period was 4-5 million years ago when temperatures were 10 degrees Celsius higher. Meanwhile, in the slow-moving effort to curb carbon emissions, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) crafted a global carbon budget showing that most of the world's fossil fuel reserves must be left untouched if we are to avoid catastrophic climate change.


Palm oil IPO presents environmental, financial risks

(12/10/2013) An Indonesian palm oil company has failed to disclose all the financial and environmental risks to investors ahead of its December 12 initial public offering (IPO), alleges a new report from environmental groups. PT Sawit Sumbermas Sarana (SSMS), a palm oil company that operates plantations in Indonesian Borneo, aims to raise a trillion ($88 million) in this week's IPO.


Conventional satellite imagery may underestimate forest clearing for subsistence agriculture

(12/09/2013) Analysis of forest cover using medium-scale satellite imagery may miss deforestation for small-scale subsistence agriculture, finds a study published in the journal Environmental Research Letters.


Green investors urge companies to clean up palm oil industry

(12/04/2013) A coalition of investors and asset managers is urging stakeholders in the palm oil industry to adopt policies that exclude deforestation and human rights violations from their supply chains. The call, coordinated by Green Century Capital Management, was issued in the form of letters sent to 40 major palm oil producers, financiers and buyers.


Brazil could boost agriculture without destroying forests

(12/03/2013) Brazil could substantially boost its agricultural output while increasing protection of its native ecosystems, finds a new analysis published by the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI), an international think tank.


Plantations used as cover for destruction of old-growth forests in Myanmar

(12/02/2013) As Wild Burma: Nature's Lost Kingdom airs on the BBC, the forests documented in the series are increasingly being cut down, according to a new report by U.S. NGO Forest Trends. The report alleges that wide swathes of forest are being cleared in ethnic minority areas of Myanmar (also known as Burma), ostensibly for palm oil and rubber plantations. However after the lucrative timber is extracted, the report finds little evidence that the companies involved are serious about establishing plantations.


Palm oil company Bumitama under fire for clearing rainforest, endangering orangutans

(12/02/2013) Bumitama Agri, an Indonesian palm oil producer, is breaking the law by clearing forests and developing plantations without the proper licenses, a coalition of NGOs said in a report released on Nov. 21. The groups have called on financiers to either force Bumitama to shape up or cut ties with the company and with global palm oil traders such as Wilmar and IOI that do business with Bumitama.


Journalism prizes explore community forestry, commodity supply chains, China's seafood consumption

(12/01/2013) Mongabay.org announces three new $20,000 environmental reporting prizes under its Special Reporting Initiatives program. Three new environmental journalism prizes will enable journalists to do in-depth reporting on three important environmental topics: the role of community forest management in addressing climate change, cleaning up commodity supply chains, and the market for more sustainable seafood in China. The prizes come under Mongabay.org's Special Reporting Initiatives(SRI), a program that provides funding for environmental reporting. Mongabay.org will commit up to $20,000 to fund the top proposal.


Mangrove ecosystems being obliterated in Myanmar

(11/27/2013) Mangrove cover in Myanmar's Ayeyarwady Delta declined by nearly two-thirds between 1978 and 2011, leaving coastal areas more vulnerable to disasters like Cyclone Nargis, which killed 138,000 people in 2008, finds a new study published in the journal Global Environmental Change. The research, led by a team of scientists from the National University of Singapore and Mangrove and Environmental Rehabilitation Network in Yangon, is based on remote sensing and field data.


Greenpeace photos expose palm oil giant's deforestation in Indonesia

(11/22/2013) A series of photos released this week by Greenpeace shows that an Indonesian palm oil company is continuing to clear orangutan habitat in Borneo despite a pledge to stop destroying the forest. Flyovers of a concession owned by PT Andalan Sukses Makmur, a subsidiary of Bumitama Agri Ltd, show excavators clearing peat forests and digging drainage canals just outside Tanjung Puting National Park in Central Kalimantan. Tanjung Puting is famous for its population of orangutans that have been intensely studied by Birute Galdikas, a noted researcher and conservationist.


Asia's most precious wood is soaked in blood

(11/21/2013) Deep in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia grows a rare and beautiful tree whose wood is so highly prized that men will kill to possess it. Wild rosewood, famous since antiquity in China and Japan for its unique, blood-hued luster and intricate grain, was once only used for the finest religious statues and princely ornaments. Now, China's nouveau riche lust for decorative baubles and furniture made of rosewood as a sign of status leading to a massive surge in demand for this precious timber that shows no signs of abating. In just a few short years the price has skyrocketed from just a hundred dollars a cubic meter to over $50,000 today.


Govts pledge $280M to slow deforestation for agriculture

(11/21/2013) The governments of Norway, Britain and the United States pledged $280 million toward a new initiative that aims to reduce emissions associated with forest conversion for agriculture, reports Reuters. The money will come out of previously committed funds for climate change. The initiative, called the BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes and administered by the World Bank, focuses on the 80 percent of deforestation that is driven by agriculture.


The emissions gap and the forest contribution (commentary)

(11/20/2013) Shortly before the Warsaw climate talks, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) released its Emissions Gap report, highlighting the growing gap between the emissions reductions that are needed to stay below 2 degrees and the trajectory the world is on at the moment. The report clearly identifies forests as one of the most important options to reduce emissions which can be delivered in the short term. While parties urgently need to start phasing out fossil fuels and stop emissions from fossil fuels no later than 2050, protecting forests now can help significantly to keep a realistic chance of staying below 2 degrees.


Mining the Heart of Borneo: coal production in Indonesia

(11/20/2013) Indonesia is the world’s top exporter of coal – supplying energy to China, India, and elsewhere. Indonesia is also ranked the fourth top emitter of greenhouse gases in the world (after China, the USA, and the European Union), largely due to high deforestation rates and peatland fires. This ranking does not take into consideration the carbon emissions that Indonesia ‘exports’ in the form of coal.


Why is Amazon deforestation climbing?

(11/17/2013) The 28 percent increase in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon over last year that was reported this week is bad news, but it is not surprising. It is bad news because the decline in deforestation since 2005 has given us the single largest contribution to climate change mitigation on the planet, far surpassing the reductions in emissions achieved by any Annex 1 country under the Kyoto Protocol. Brazil’s achievement is particularly noteworthy because it did not come at the expense of agricultural production; beef and soybean production continued to grow.


Malaysia has the world's highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest map

(11/15/2013) Malaysia had the world's highest rate of forest loss between 2000 and 2012, according to a new global forest map developed in partnership with Google. Malaysia's total forest loss during the period amounted to 14.4 percent of its year 2000 forest cover. The loss translates to 47,278 square kilometers (18,244 square miles), an area larger than the country of Denmark.


Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon jumps 28% in 2013

(11/14/2013) Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon jumped 28% in 2013 sparking concerns that recent progress in reducing forest loss in the world's largest rainforest may be in danger of reversing. The preliminary data, released Thursday by the Brazilian government, shows that 5,843 square kilometers (2,256 sq miles) of rainforest was cleared across the 'Legal Amazon' between August 1, 2012 and July 31, 2013.


Deforestation accelerates in Indonesia, finds Google forest map

(11/14/2013) Forest loss in Indonesia has sharply risen over the past 12 years, reports a new study published in the journal Science. The study, led by Matt Hansen of University of Maryland, finds that Indonesia lost 15.8 million hectares between 2000 and 2012, ranking it fifth behind Russia, Brazil, the United States, and Canada in terms of forest loss. Some 7 million hectares of forest regrew during the period.


Zero net deforestation is the wrong target, warn experts

(11/14/2013) Environmental initiatives that target zero net deforestation may miss their mark when it comes to slowing climate change and protecting biodiversity, warns a commentary published in this week's issue of the journal Science. While zero net deforestation may seem like a worthy target in efforts to curb forest loss, Sandra Brown and Daniel Zarin argue that the goal is at best, ambiguous, and at worst, may lead to perverse outcomes for the world's forests.


Powered by Google, high resolution forest map reveals massive deforestation worldwide

(11/14/2013) Researchers today released a long-awaited tool that reveals the extent of forest cover loss and gain on a global scale. Powered by Google's massive computing cloud, the interactive forest map establishes a new baseline for measuring deforestation and forest recovery across all of the world's countries, biomes, and forest types. The map has far-reaching implications for efforts to slow deforestation, which accounts for roughly ten percent of greenhouse gas emissions produced by human activities, according to the authors of the paper that describes the tool and details its first findings.


Rent-a-mob disrupts court proceedings against Indonesian palm oil company

(11/14/2013) A mob of 150 palm oil workers has disrupted court proceedings against Kalista Alam, an Indonesian palm oil company accused of illegally converting blocks of protected peat forests for an oil palm plantation in Aceh, Sumatra. The Kalista Alam case is widely seen as a test of Indonesia's commitment to forestry sector reform.


Locally extinct birds in the Amazon slowly flock back to forests when trees regrow

(11/13/2013) Some good news out of the Amazon rainforest: given enough time, deforested land can rebound enough to host bird species that had previously deserted the area, according to a recent study in The Auk. When people abandon deforested land, the rainforest slowly reclaims it. Eventually, birds begin to use the clumps of secondary forest as corridors between thickets of old growth.


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Country / AreaLand areaForest
ForestOther wooded landTotal areaAreaAnnual change rateArea of primary forestAnnual change rateArea of forest plantations
2005199020001990-20002000-2005PrimaryModified naturalSemi-naturalProduction plantationProtection plantation1990200020051990-20002000-2005199020002005
Country / Area1000 ha% of land area1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha/yr%1000 ha/yr%1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha1000 haha/yrha/yr1000 ha1000 ha1000 ha
Angola59,10447.4-124,67060,97659,728-125-0.2-125-0.2058,9730131000000140134131
Botswana11,94321.134,79158,17313,71812,535-118-0.9-118-1-------------
British Indian
Ocean Territory
332.508330000-------------
Comoros52.9-186128n.s.-4-1-7.40401-00000221
Kenya3,5226.234,92058,0373,7083,582-13-0.3-12-0.37042,616-202-742716704-2,520-2,400238212202
Lesotho80.3313,03557n.s.3.4n.s.2.71--7-11100467
Madagascar12,83822.117,05458,70413,69213,023-67-0.5-37-0.310,3472,198-2345910,50310,38110,347-12,200-6,800293293293
Malawi3,40236.2-11,8483,8963,567-33-0.9-33-0.91,1322,067-204-1,7271,3301,132-39,700-39,600132180204
Mauritius3718.2152043938n.s.-0.3n.s.-0.5022n.s.11400000161515
Mayotte514.7-3766n.s.-0.4n.s.-0.4-5-n.s.------n.s.n.s.n.s.
Mozambique19,26224.640,91980,15920,01219,512-50-0.3-50-0.3-19,224-38------383838
Namibia7,6619.38,47382,4298,7628,033-73-0.9-74-0.9-7,661-----------
RÈunion8433.6552518787n.s.-0.1-1-0.75561822555555-30-20555
Seychelles4088.9-4540400000233-5-22200555
South Africa9,2037.621,409121,9099,2039,2030000-7,777-1,426------1,2041,3521,426
Swaziland54131.52891,73647251850.950.9-39531114------135121114
Uganda3,62718.41,15024,1044,9244,059-86-1.9-86-2.2-3,591-36------333536
UR Tanzania35,25739.94,75694,50941,44137,318-412-1-412-1.1-35,107-150------150150150
Zambia42,45257.13,16175,26149,12444,676-445-0.9-445-1-42,377-75------607575
Zimbabwe17,54045.3-39,07522,23419,105-313-1.5-313-1.7-17,385-154------154154154
Total Eastern and
Southern Africa
226,53427.8167,023834,380252,354235,047-1,731-0.7-1,702-0.8
Algeria2,27711,595238,1741,7902,144351.8271.2-1,20631612742-----620652754
Burkina Faso6,794297,42727,4007,1546,914-24-0.3-24-0.305,91880071500000336376
Chad11,9219.59,152128,40013,11012,317-79-0.6-79-0.719011,716--15209196190-1,300-1,200111415
Djibouti60.22202,320660000-------------
Egypt670.120100,14544592322.6---166-----445967
Eritrea1,55415.47,25711,7601,6211,576-4-0.3-4-0.3-1,526-1414-----102228
Ethiopia13,00011.944,650110,43015,11413,705-141-1-141-1.1-12,509-491------491491491
Libya2170.1330175,9542172170000----217-----217217217
Mali12,57210.316,532124,01914,07213,072-100-0.7-100-0.8------13,012----60-
Mauritania2670.33,110102,552415317-10-2.7-10-3.4-----------10-
Morocco4,3649.840644,6554,2894,32840.170.2-3,75447563------478523563
Niger1,26613,740126,7001,9451,328-62-3.7-12-1220936--11022022022000-72110
Somalia7,13111.4-63,7668,2827,515-77-1-77-1-7,128-3------333
Sudan67,54628.4-250,58176,38170,491-589-0.8-589-0.813,50947,2821,3514,72867515,27614,09813,509-117,807-117,8076,1115,6395,404
Tunisia1,0566.817016,361643959324.1191.9-320238150348-----226423498
Western Sahara1,0113.8-26,6001,0111,0110000-------------
Total Northern Africa131,0488.694,6091,549,817146,093135,958-1,013-0.7-982-0.7
Benin2,35121.33,95911,2623,3222,675-65-2.1-65-2.5-2,237-114------98109114
Burundi1525.97222,783289198-9-3.7-9-5.20670860-00-0-8686
Cameroon21,24545.614,75847,54424,54522,345-220-0.9-220-1-------------
Cape Verde8420.7-403588223.6n.s.0.4---6717-----588284
Central African Republic22,75536.510,12262,29823,20322,903-30-0.1-30-0.1-22,750-5------245
Congo22,47165.810,54734,20022,72622,556-17-0.1-17-0.17,46414,957-51-7,5487,4927,464-5,647-5,647515151
CÙte d'Ivoire10,40532.72,62632,24610,22210,328110.1150.16259,4430337062562562500154261337
DR Congo133,61058.983,277234,486140,531135,207-532-0.4-319-0.2-------------
Equatorial Guinea1,63258.2312,8051,8601,708-15-0.8-15-0.9-------------
Gabon21,77584.5-26,76721,92721,826-10n.s.-10n.s.---36------363636
Gambia47141.71251,13044246120.420.4-471-n.s.------n.s.n.s.n.s.
Ghana5,51724.2023,8547,4486,094-135-2-115-23535,004-160-353353353005060160
Guinea6,72427.45,85024,5867,4086,904-50-0.7-36-0.5636,5686030363636300172233
Guinea-Bissau2,07273.72363,6122,2162,120-10-0.4-10-0.59401,132-0n.s.94094094000n.s.n.s.1
Liberia3,15432.7011,1374,0583,455-60-1.6-60-1.81293,017-8-12912912900888
Nigeria11,08912.25,49592,37717,23413,137-410-2.7-410-3.332610,414034901,556736326-82,000-82,000251316349
Rwanda48019.5612,63431834430.8276.9062-3675200000248282419
Saint Helena26.5031220000-------------
Sao Tome and Principe2728.42996272700001216---12121200---
Senegal8,673455,00119,6729,3488,898-45-0.5-45-0.51,5986,710-332331,7591,6531,598-10,600-11,000205306365
Sierra Leone2,75438.53847,1743,0442,851-19-0.7-19-0.7-2,751-3------233
Togo3867.11,2465,679685486-20-3.4-20-4.50348-30800000243438
Total Western and
Central Africa
277,82944.1144,468646,776300,914284,608-1,631-0.6-1,356-0.5
Total Africa635,41221.4406,1003,030,974699,361655,613-4,375-0.7-4,040-0.6
China197,29021.287,615959,805157,141177,0011,9861.24,0582.211,632114,33239,95728,5302,83911,63211,63211,6320018,46623,92431,369
DPR Korea6,18751.4-12,0548,2016,821-138-1.8-127-1.9852-5,335--1,129939852-19,000-17,400---
Japan24,86868.2-37,78024,95024,876-7n.s.-2n.s.4,5919,955--10,3213,7644,0544,59129,000107,40010,28710,33110,321
Mongolia10,2526.52,388156,65011,49210,665-83-0.7-83-0.84,7335,407-112-5,5404,9234,733-61,700-38,0003075112
Republic of Korea6,26563.5-9,9266,3716,300-7-0.1-7-0.1-4,901-1,364------7481,1881,364
Total East Asia244,86221.390,0031,176,215208,155225,6631,7510.83,8401.6
Bangladesh8716.75814,400882884n.s.n.s.-2-0.3-592-19584-----239276279
Bhutan3,195686114,7003,0353,141110.3110.34132,5292512041341341300112
Brunei Darussalam27852.8160577313288-2-0.8-2-0.7278----313288278-2,500-2,000---
Cambodia10,44759.227018,10412,94611,541-140-1.1-219-212210,266059-766456122-31,000-66,800677259
India67,70122.84,110328,72663,93967,5543620.629n.s.-32,94331,5321,0532,173-----1,9542,8053,226
Indonesia88,49548.8-190,457116,56797,852-1,872-1.7-1,871-248,702-36,3943,399-70,41955,94148,702-1,447,800-1,447,8002,2093,0023,399
Lao PDR16,14269.94,64323,68017,31416,532-78-0.5-78-0.51,49014,428-22311,4901,4901,49000499224
Malaysia20,89063.6-32,97522,37621,591-78-0.4-140-0.73,820-15,4971,573-3,8203,8203,820001,9561,6591,573
Maldives13030110000-------------
Myanmar32,2224910,83467,65839,21934,554-466-1.3-466-1.4031,373069615300000394696849
Nepal3,63625.41,89714,7184,8173,900-92-2.1-53-1.43493842,8504310391384349-700-7,000495253
Pakistan1,9022.51,38979,6102,5272,116-41-1.8-43-2.1-1,584-318------234296318
Philippines7,162243,61130,00010,5747,949-262-2.8-157-2.18295,713-304316829829829001,780852620
Singapore23.40682200002000022200000
Sri Lanka1,93329.906,5612,3502,082-27-1.2-30-1.51671,571-17124257197167-6,000-6,000242221195
Thailand14,52028.4-51,31215,96514,814-115-0.7-59-0.46,4514,970-1,9971,1026,4516,4516,451002,6403,0773,099
Timor-Leste79853.7-1,487966854-11-1.2-11-1.3-755--43-----294343
Viet Nam12,93139.72,25933,1699,36311,7252362.324128510,151-1,79290338418785-19,700-20,4009672,0502,695
Total South and
South-east Asia
283,12733.429,842898,232323,156297,380-2,578-0.9-2,851-1
Afghanistan8671.3-65,2091,3091,015-29-2.5-30-3.1-867-----------
Armenia32111.4442,98033634410.2-5-1.416295001017171640-280141110
Azerbaijan93611.3548,6609369360000400516--2040040040000202020
Bahrainn.s.0.6071n.s.n.s.n.s.5.6n.s.3.8----n.s.-----n.s.n.s.n.s.
Cyprus17418.921492516117310.7n.s.0.222111360522222200335
Georgia2,76039.7506,9702,7602,760n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.5002,200006050050050000546060
Iran11,0756.85,340164,82011,07511,075000020010,031228616-20020020000616616616
Iraq8221.992743,83280481810.210.10809001300000151513
Israel1718.3852,10615416410.610.8-70--101-----8494101
Jordan830.9528,92183830000037604000000404040
Kazakhstan3,3371.215,622272,4903,4223,365-6-0.2-6-0.202,42800909000001,0341,056909
Kuwait60.301,78235n.s.3.5n.s.2.7----6-----356
Kyrgyzstan8694.531319,99083685820.320.3241562-2442237240241250260465966
Lebanon13613.31061,04012113110.810.80129080--0----8
Oman2n.s.1,30321,246220000----2-----222
Palestine91.5-621990000-------------
Qatarn.s.n.s.n.s.1,100n.s.n.s.0000-------------
Saudi Arabia2,7281.334,155214,9692,7282,7280000-2,728-----------
Syria4612.53518,51837243261.561.3-198--264-----175234264
Tajikistan4102.914214,255408410n.s.n.s.002971235224429729729700766666
Turkey10,17513.210,68977,4829,68010,052370.4250.29755,9257381,91662173989797515,80015,6001,8392,3042,537
Turkmenistan4,1278.8048,8104,1274,12700001044,023-0-10410410400000
United Arab Emirates3123.748,36024531062.4n.s.0.1000031200000245310312
Uzbekistan3,295890444,7403,0453,212170.5170.5572,64353455657575700305161
Yemen54911,40652,7975495490000-161388----------
Total Western and
Central Asia
43,626471,4461,102,69543,16643,558390.114n.s.
Total Asia571,61518.5191,2913,177,142574,477566,601-788-0.11,0030.2
Albania794292612,875789769-2-0.350.6856210386858585001039688
Andorra1635.6-4516160000-------------
Austria3,86246.71188,3863,7763,83860.250.1-----117119-200-9881,003-
Belarus7,8943891420,7607,3767,848470.690.14005,7121,7802-40040040000222
Belgium66722273,053677667-1-0.10000392275000000303284275
Bosnia and Herzegovina2,18543.15495,1202,2102,185-2-0.10021,184857142--22-0-142142
Bulgaria3,62532.82711,0993,3273,37550.1501.4-----267396-12,900-4048-
Channel Islands14.1019110000-------------
Croatia2,13538.23465,6542,1162,12910.110.1102,063061010101000566061
Czech Republic2,64834.307,8872,6302,6371n.s.20.10142,6340000000000
Denmark50011.81364,30944548640.930.6061792813400000291305315
Estonia2,28453.9824,5232,1632,24380.480.41421,39075110-137142-1,000-11
Faeroe Islandsn.s.0.1-140n.s.n.s.0000-------------
Finland22,50073.980233,81422,19422,475280.15n.s.1,419021,081001,4911,4181,419-7,300200000
France15,55428.31,70855,15014,53815,351810.5410.330-13,5561,968-303030001,8421,9361,968
Germany11,07631.7-35,70310,74111,076340.3000011,0760000000000
Gibraltar0001000-0--------------
Greece3,75229.12,78013,1963,2993,601300.9300.803,6180013400000118129134
Holy See000n.s.000-0--------------
Hungary1,97621.509,3031,8011,907110.6140.704151,0164549100000431528545
Iceland460.510410,300253814.323.9017017120000082129
Ireland6699.7417,027441609173.3121.900905790100-1000350519579
Isle of Man36.1057330000-------------
Italy9,97933.91,04730,1348,3839,4471061.21061.1---146-160160-0-289144146
Latvia2,94147.41156,4602,7752,885110.4110.4142,28264410-1514--280-n.s.1
Liechtenstein743.101667n.s.0.60025-n.s.-22200n.s.n.s.n.s.
Lithuania2,09933.5776,5301,9452,02080.4160.8261,548384100412021261001,000124137141
Luxembourg8733.512598687n.s.0.100--5828------282828
Macedonia90635.8822,57190690600000876-30-00000303030
Maltan.s.1.1032n.s.n.s.00000000n.s.00000n.s.n.s.n.s.
Monaco000n.s.000-0--------------
Netherlands36510.804,15334536020.410.3003614000000444
Norway9,38730.72,61332,3769,1309,301170.2170.2250-8,875262-25025025000222255262
Poland9,19230-31,2698,8819,059180.2270.353-9,10732-3051532,100400323232
Portugal3,78341.3849,1983,0993,583481.5401.155-2,4941,067167555555005501,0341,234
Republic of Moldova32910313,38431932610.210.2032801000000111
Romania6,37027.725823,8396,3716,3660n.s.1n.s.2336515,339925723323323300149149149
Russian Federation808,79047.974,1851,707,540808,950809,26832n.s.-96n.s.255,470536,358-11,8885,075241,726258,131255,4701,640,510-532,20012,65115,36016,962
San Marinon.s.1.606n.s.n.s.0000-------------
Serbia and Montenegro2,69426.480810,2172,5592,64990.390.341152,53639044400393939
Slovakia1,92940.1-4,9011,9221,921n.s.n.s.20.12494694017224242400232019
Slovenia1,26462.8442,0271,1881,23950.450.41191,107380063951193,2004,800000
Spain17,91535.910,29950,59913,47916,43629622961.781211,5824,0501,471062174881212,70012,8001,1261,3561,471
Sweden27,52866.93,25744,99627,36727,47411n.s.11n.s.4,726-22,13566704,3484,6004,72625,20025,200523619667
Switzerland1,22130.9674,1291,1551,19940.440.414151,1884036143001,600344
Ukraine9,57516.54160,3709,2749,510240.3130.1594,7294,3998130759595900325367388
United Kingdom2,84511.82024,2912,6112,793180.7100.406462751,90222000001,8771,9341,924
Total Europe1,001,39444.3100,9252,297,719989,320998,0918770.16610.1
Anguilla671.4-8660000-------------
Antigua and Barbuda921.41644990000-------------
Aruban.s.2.2019n.s.n.s.0000-------------
Bahamas51551.5361,3885155150000-515-00-----000
Barbados24-43220000-2-----------
Bermuda12005110000-------------
British Virgin Islands424.421544n.s.-0.1n.s.-0.1-------------
Cayman Islands1248.442612120000-------------
Cuba2,71324.726011,0862,0582,435381.7562.2-2,319-230164-----347342394
Dominica4661.3n.s.755047n.s.-0.5n.s.-0.627190n.s.-282827-86-84-n.s.n.s.
Dominican Republic1,37628.46784,8731,3761,3760000-------------
Grenada412.253444n.s.n.s.0013-n.s.-111-22-23n.s.n.s.n.s.
Guadeloupe8047.221718481n.s.-0.3n.s.-0.3195821019191900311
Haiti1053.8-2,775116109-1-0.6-1-0.7-81-24------122024
Jamaica33931.31881,099345341n.s.-0.1n.s.-0.1-325-86-----151414
Martinique4643.9-11046460000-45-1------111
Montserrat435-10440000-4-----------
Netherlands Antilles11.53380110000-------------
Puerto Rico40846-895404407n.s.0.1n.s.n.s.-------------
Saint Kitts and Nevis514.7636550000-------------
Saint Lucia1727.956217170000-------------
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
1127.4239910n.s.0.8n.s.0.8-10-n.s.------n.s.n.s.n.s.
Trinidad and Tobago22644.174513235228-1-0.3n.s.-0.214197015014141400151515
Turks and
Caicos Islands
3480-4334340000-------------
United States
Virgin Islands
1027.9-341210n.s.-1.3n.s.-1.8-------------
Total Caribbean5,97426.11,31023,4825,3505,706360.6540.9
Belize1,65372.51152,2961,6531,65300006121,041---61261261200---
Costa Rica2,39146.8105,1102,5642,376-19-0.830.11801,31988813255180180-7,5000-34
El Salvador29814.42012,104375324-5-1.5-5-1.76286-6-66600666
Guatemala3,93836.31,67210,8894,7484,208-54-1.2-54-1.31,9571,859-122-2,3592,0911,957-26,789-26,8343288122
Honduras4,64841.571011,2097,3855,430-196-3-156-3.11,5122,261845-301,5121,5121,51200312630
Nicaragua5,18942.71,02213,0006,5385,539-100-1.6-70-1.31,8493,289-51-1,8491,8491,8490044651
Panama4,29457.71,2887,5524,3764,307-7-0.2-3-0.13,0231,21006013,7063,2393,023-46,700-43,200104261
Total Central America22,41143.95,01852,16027,63923,837-380-1.6-285-1.3
Canada310,13433.691,951997,061310,134310,1340000165,424144,710---165,424165,424165,42400---
Greenlandn.s.n.s.841,045n.s.n.s.0000-------------
Mexico64,23833.719,908195,82069,01665,540-348-0.5-260-0.432,85030,330-7298638,77534,82532,850-395,000-395,000-1,0581,058
Saint Pierre and
Miquelon
313-24330000-3-----------
United States of America303,08933.1-962,909298,648302,2943650.11590.1104,182175,5236,32317,061-105,268105,258104,182-1,000-215,20010,30516,27417,061
Total North America677,46432.7111,8662,196,859677,801677,97117n.s.-101n.s.
Total North and
Central America
705,84932.9118,1942,272,501710,790707,514-328n.s.-333n.s.
American Samoa1889.4-201818n.s.-0.2n.s.-0.2-------------
Australia163,67821.3421,590774,122167,904164,645-326-0.2-193-0.15,233156,679-1,766--5,2335,233-01,0231,4851,766
Cook Islands1666.5-231516n.s.0.400-14--1-----011
Fiji1,00054.7-1,8279791,00020.2008945-101-895894894-100080101101
French Polynesia10528.7-4001051050000-95-10------101010
Guam2647.10552626n.s.n.s.00-------------
Kiribati23-73220000-------------
Marshall Islands---18-------------------
Micronesia6390.6-7063630000-------------
Nauru0002000-0--------------
New Caledonia71739.27871,8587177170000431277-10-43143143100101010
New Zealand8,309312,55727,0537,7208,226510.6170.23,5062,951-1,832203,5063,5063,506001,2611,7691,852
Niue1454.2-261715n.s.-1.3n.s.-1.4-14-n.s.------n.s.n.s.n.s.
Northern Mariana Islands3372.4-463534n.s.-0.3n.s.-0.3-------------
Palau4087.6-463840n.s.0.4n.s.0.4-------------
Papua New Guinea29,437654,47446,28431,52330,132-139-0.5-139-0.525,2114,134-92-29,21026,46225,211-274,800-250,200638292
Pitcairn483.304440000-------------
Samoa17160.42228413017142.800n.s.110292111-n.s.n.s.-0-3232
Solomon Islands2,17277.6-2,8902,7682,371-40-1.5-40-1.7-------------
Tokelau0001000-0--------------
Tonga45175440000-4-n.s.------n.s.n.s.n.s.
Tuvalu133.303110000-------------
Vanuatu44036.14761,2194404400000-------------
Wallis and Futuna Islands535.311465n.s.-0.8n.s.-2n.s.40100n.s.n.s.-2-6n.s.01
Total Oceania206,25424.3429,908856,414212,514208,034-448-0.2-356-0.2
Argentina33,02112.160,961278,04035,26233,770-149-0.4-150-0.4-31,792-1,229------7691,0781,229
Bolivia58,74054.22,473109,85862,79560,091-270-0.4-270-0.529,36029,360-20-31,38830,03629,360-135,200-135,200202020
Brazil477,69857.2-851,488520,027493,213-2,681-0.5-3,103-0.6415,89056,424-5,384-460,513433,220415,890-2,729,300-3,466,0005,0705,2795,384
Chile16,12121.513,24175,66315,26315,834570.4570.44,1429,292262,66104,1524,1454,142-700-6001,7412,3542,661
Colombia60,72858.518,202113,89161,43960,963-48-0.1-47-0.153,0627,337-3121653,85453,34353,062-51,050-56,160136254328
Ecuador10,85339.21,44828,35613,81711,841-198-1.5-198-1.74,7945,895-164-4,7944,7944,79420-40-162164
Falkland Islands0001,217000-0--------------
French Guiana8,06391.809,0008,0918,063-3n.s.007,7013610107,9097,7617,701-14,800-12,000111
Guyana15,10476.73,58021,49715,10415,104n.s.n.s.009,3145,789----9,3149,314-0---
Paraguay18,47546.5-40,67521,15719,368-179-0.9-179-0.91,85016,582-43-1,8501,8501,85000233643
Peru68,74253.722,132128,52270,15669,213-94-0.1-94-0.161,0656,9230754-62,91062,18861,065-72,200-224,600263715754
South Georgia and
the South Sandwich Islands
000409000-0--------------
Suriname14,77694.7-16,32714,77614,776000014,21455057014,21414,21414,21400777
Uruguay1,5068.6417,6221,1231,409292.3191.3296444-751152392962965,7000419669766
Venezuela47,71354.17,36991,20552,02649,151-288-0.6-288-0.6-------------
Total South America831,54047.7129,4091,783,770891,036852,796-3,824-0.4-4,251-0.5
Total World3,952,06330.31,375,82813,418,5184,077,4983,988,649-8,885-0.2-7,317-0.2



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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2005

"Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.