TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Afghanistan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 2.1% or about 1,350,000 ha of Afghanistan is forested, according to FAO. Afghanistan's forests contain 38 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Afghanistan has some 694 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.5% are threatened. Afghanistan is home to at least 4000 species of vascular plants, of which 20.0% are endemic. 0.3% of Afghanistan is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Afghanistan

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Afghanistan: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)65209
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1350
Percent Forest Cover2
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Other wooded land (1000 ha)29471
Percent other wooded land45




Afghanistan: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--


Afghanistan: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1350135013501350
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Afghanistan: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1350135013501350
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Afghanistan: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
----
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Afghanistan: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
----
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Afghanistan: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
000010000


Afghanistan: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Afghanistan: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
2116---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Afghanistan: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
38383838
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
28
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Afghanistan: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Afghanistan: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
169820192024-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
79714491681-


Afghanistan: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Afghanistan: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Afghanistan: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2005)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (-) Sub-national forest law: No

Afghanistan: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Afghanistan: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Afghanistan: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Afghanistan: Environment
    Environment - current issueslimited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping
    signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsdamaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts


    Afghanistan: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 12.13%
    permanent crops: 0.22%
    other: 87.65% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnatural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones


    Afghanistan: Economy
    Economy - overview:Afghanistan's economic outlook has improved significantly since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001 because of the infusion of over $4 billion in international assistance, recovery of the agricultural sector and growth of the service sector, and the reestablishment of market institutions. Real GDP growth is estimated to have slowed last fiscal year primarily because adverse weather conditions cut agricultural production, but is expected to rebound over 2005-06 because of foreign donor reconstruction and service sector growth. Despite the progress of the past few years, Afghanistan remains extremely poor, landlocked, and highly dependent on foreign aid, farming, and trade with neighboring countries. It will probably take the remainder of the decade and continuing donor aid and attention to significantly raise Afghanistan's living standards from its current status, among the lowest in the world. Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs, but the Afghan government and international donors remain committed to improving access to these basic necessities by prioritizing infrastructure development, education, housing development, jobs programs, and economic reform over the next year. Growing political stability and continued international commitment to Afghan reconstruction create an optimistic outlook for continuing improvements in the Afghan economy in 2006. Expanding poppy cultivation and a growing opium trade may account for one-third of GDP and looms as one of Kabul's most serious policy challenges.
    GDP - per capita$800 (2004 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsopium, wheat, fruits, nuts, wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 38%, industry: 24%, services: 38%, note: data exclude opium production (2005 est.)
    Industries small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
    Economic aid - recipientinternational pledges made by more than 60 countries and international financial institutions at the Berlin Donors Conference for Afghan reconstruction in March 2004 reached $8.9 billion for 2004-09
    Debt - external$8 billion in bilateral debt, mostly to Russia; Afghanistan has $500 million in debt to Multilateral Development Banks (2004)
    Population below poverty line (%)53% (2003)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%, industry 10%, services 10% (2004 est.)


    Afghanistan: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)29,928,987
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)4.77%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)46.2
    Percent rural (2003)76.7%
    Median age (years)total: 17.56 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.75 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%


    Largest Cities in Afghanistan

    Cities and urban areas in Afghanistan with population over 100,000
    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    KabulAfghanistan21423002142300
    KandaharAfghanistan339200339200
    Mazar-I-SharifAfghanistan239800239800
    CharikarAfghanistan196700196700
    HeratAfghanistan166600166600
    JalalabadAfghanistan158800158800


    -->
    Afghanistan: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use33,100 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular15,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 34,789 km
    paved: 8,231 km
    unpaved: 26,558 km (2003)


    Afghanistan: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 42.9 years
    male: 42.71 years
    female: 43.1 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate163.07 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.01% (2001 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk countrywide below 2,000 meters from March through November
    animal contact disease: rabies (2004)

    Afghanistan : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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