TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Albania Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 28.3% or about 776,000 ha of Albania is forested, according to FAO. Of this 11.0% ( 85,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Albania had 94,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Albania lost an average of 650 ha or 0.08% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Albania lost 1.6% of its forest cover, or around 13,000 ha.

Albania's forests contain 49 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Albania has some 429 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.7% are threatened. Albania is home to at least 3031 species of vascular plants, of which 0.8% are endemic. 2.0% of Albania is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Albania

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Albania: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2740
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)776
Percent Forest Cover28
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)85
Primary Forest, % total forest11
Other wooded land (1000 ha)255
Percent other wooded land9




Albania: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)8511
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)59877
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)9412


Albania: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
789769782776
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-23-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.260.34-0.15


Albania: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
686673684682
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-11
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.2-0.190.13


Albania: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
85858585
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Albania: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
103969894
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1n.s.-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.690.37-0.87


Albania: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
791740000


Albania: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9820


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
7200280
Albania: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
75971957100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
729


Albania: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
49494849
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
63
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Albania: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
6100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
11101n.s.--


Albania: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
2444327100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
56116716467


Albania: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
1n.s.n.s.1n.s.


Albania: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
2n.s.n.s.
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Albania: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2005)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2005) Sub-national forest law: No

Albania: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
122119110320114820


Albania: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
10546202234167437168762711


Albania: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Albania: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought


    Albania: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 21.09%
    permanent crops: 4.42%
    other: 74.49% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower


    Albania: Economy
    Economy - overview:Lagging behind its Balkan neighbors, Albania is making the difficult transition to a more modern open-market economy. The government has taken measures to curb violent crime and to spur economic activity and trade. The economy is bolstered by annual remittances from abroad of $600-$800 million, mostly from Greece and Italy; this helps offset the towering trade deficit. Agriculture, which accounts for about one-quarter of GDP, is held back because of frequent drought and the need to modernize equipment, to clarify property rights, and to consolidate small plots of land. Energy shortages and antiquated and inadequate infrastructure contribute to Albania's poor business environment, which make it difficult to attract and sustain foreign investment. The planned construction of a new thermal power plant near Vlore and improved transmission and distribution facilities will help relieve the energy shortages. Also, the government is moving slowly to improve the poor national road and rail network, a long-standing barrier to sustained economic growth. On the positive side: growth was strong in 2003-05 and inflation is not a problem.
    GDP - per capita$4,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 23.6%, industry: 20.5%, services: 55.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
    Economic aid - recipientODA: $315 million (top donors were Italy, EU, Germany) (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$1.41 billion (2003)
    Population below poverty line (%)25% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 57%, non-agricultural private sector 20%, public sector 23% (2004 est.)


    Albania: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,563,112
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.52%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)130.1
    Percent rural (2003)56.2%
    Median age (years)total: 28.52 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.04 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.)


    Largest Cities in Albania

    Cities and urban areas in Albania with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TiranaAlbania404000404000
    DurresAlbania112300112300
    ElbasanAlbania101700101700


    Albania: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use255,000 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1.1 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 18,000 km
    paved: 7,020 km
    unpaved: 10,980 km (2002)


    Albania: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.24 years
    male: 74.6 years
    female: 80.15 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate21.52 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

    Albania : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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