TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Algeria Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.6% or about 1,492,000 ha of Algeria is forested, according to FAO. Algeria had 404,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Algeria lost an average of 8,750 ha or 0.52% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Algeria lost 10.5% of its forest cover, or around 175,000 ha.

Algeria's forests contain 70 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Algeria has some 582 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.5% are threatened. Algeria is home to at least 3164 species of vascular plants, of which 7.9% are endemic. 5.1% of Algeria is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Algeria

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Algeria: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)238174
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1492
Percent Forest Cover1
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)2685
Percent other wooded land1




Algeria: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)108873
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)40427


Algeria: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1667157915361492
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-9-9-9
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.54-0.55-0.58


Algeria: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1334123411661088
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-10-10-15
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.7-0.75-1.18


Algeria: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Algeria: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
333345370404
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
157
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.351.411.77


Algeria: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
355312n.s.000


Algeria: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
76240


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Algeria: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
114767638100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
104


Algeria: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
78747270
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
47
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Algeria: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
12100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
217---21714


Algeria: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
8013673100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
505677100


Algeria: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
2n.s.---


Algeria: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
495097
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
484996
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
111


Algeria: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1984) Sub-national forest law: No

Algeria: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
840014866216865517


Algeria: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
46121022570936801116250


Algeria: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Algeria: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil erosion from overgrazing and other poor farming practices; desertification; dumping of raw sewage, petroleum refining wastes, and other industrial effluents is leading to the pollution of rivers and coastal waters; Mediterranean Sea, in particular, becoming polluted from oil wastes, soil erosion, and fertilizer runoff; inadequate supplies of potable water
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsmountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; mudslides and floods in rainy season


    Algeria: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.22%
    permanent crops: 0.25%
    other: 96.53% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc


    Algeria: Economy
    Economy - overview:The hydrocarbons sector is the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 60% of budget revenues, 30% of GDP, and over 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the seventh-largest reserves of natural gas in the world and is the second-largest gas exporter; it ranks 14th in oil reserves. Sustained high oil prices in recent years, along with macroeconomic policy reforms supported by the IMF, have helped improve Algeria's financial and macroeconomic indicators. Algeria is running substantial trade surpluses and building up record foreign exchange reserves. Real GDP has risen due to higher oil output and increased government spending. The government's continued efforts to diversify the economy by attracting foreign and domestic investment outside the energy sector, however, has had little success in reducing high unemployment and improving living standards. Structural reform within the economy moves ahead slowly.
    GDP - per capita$7,300 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)7.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 10%, industry: 59.5%, services: 30.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
    Economic aid - recipient$122.8 million (2002 est.)
    Debt - external$21.54 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)23% (1999 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 14%, industry 13.4%, construction and public works 10%, trade 14.6%, government 32%, other 16% (2003 est.)


    Algeria: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)32,531,853
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.22%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)13.7
    Percent rural (2003)41.2%
    Median age (years)total: 24.36 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.92 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%


    Largest Cities in Algeria

    Cities and urban areas in Algeria with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    Urban Area Rank City Pop Rank City Country City Population Urban Area Population
    76 121 Algiers Algeria 1696000 3815900
    541 382 Oran Algeria 732000 772900
    615 582 Constantine Algeria 515800 669700
    1273 1187 Batnah Algeria 270700 270700
    1412 1344 Annaba Algeria 240100 240100
    1434 1366 Setif Algeria 236500 236500
    1680 1640 Sidi bel Abbes Algeria 201200 201200
    1776 1739 Biskara Algeria 190800 190800
    1933 1904 Djelfa Algeria 172200 172200
    1946 1917 Tebessa Algeria 171000 171000
    1948 1920 Blida Algeria 170900 170900
    1958 1930 Sakikdah Algeria 170000 170000
    2018 1992 Bejaia Algeria 164200 164200
    2041 2015 Tiyarat Algeria 162200 162200


    -->
    Algeria: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use2,199,600 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,447,310 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 104,000 km
    paved: 71,656 km
    unpaved: 32,344 km (1999)


    Algeria: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 73 years
    male: 71.45 years
    female: 74.63 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate31 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% ; note - no country specific models provided (2001 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: cutaneous leishmaniasis is a high risk in some locations (2004)

    Algeria : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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