TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Angola Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 46.9% or about 58,480,000 ha of Angola is forested, according to FAO. Angola had 128,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Angola lost an average of 124,800 ha or 0.20% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Angola lost 4.1% of its forest cover, or around 2,496,000 ha.

Angola's forests contain 4,385 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Angola has some 1546 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 4.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.3% are threatened. Angola is home to at least 5185 species of vascular plants, of which 24.3% are endemic. 4.2% of Angola is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)735040
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)2,4281,7921,507
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)748547458
Total forest carbon (Mt C)3,1762,3391,966
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)444749
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Angola Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Angola

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Angola: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)124670
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)58480
Percent Forest Cover47
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Angola: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)58352100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)128n.s.


Angola: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
60976597285910458480
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-125-125-125
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.21-0.21-0.21


Angola: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
60836595945897358352
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-124-124-124
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.2-0.2-0.21


Angola: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Angola: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
140134131128
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.44-0.45-0.46


Angola: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
40300093


Angola: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Angola: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
226639--12
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Angola: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
4573447944324385
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
75
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-9-9-9
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Angola: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Angola: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
97412531260100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
269336294108100


Angola: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Angola: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
1--
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Angola: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1955) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Angola: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
130818107114103015


Angola: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
71410---410-


Angola: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Angola: Environment
    Environment - current issuesoveruse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardslocally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau


    Angola: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.41%
    permanent crops: 0.24%
    other: 97.35% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium


    Angola: Economy
    Economy - overview:Angola's high growth rate is driven by its oil sector, but record oil prices and rising petroleum production have occurred without improved performance in other parts of the economy. Oil production and its supporting activities, contribute about 45% to GDP and more than half of exports, and much of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 22 year-long civil war. Remnants of the conflict such as widespread land mines still mar the countryside even though an apparently durable peace has been established after the death of rebel leader Jonas SAVIMBI in February 2002. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for 85% of the population, but much of the country's food must still be imported. In 2005, the government started using a $2 billion line of credit from China to rebuild Angola's public infrastructure, and several large-scale projects are scheduled for completion by 2006. The central bank in 2003 implemented an exchange rate stabilization program using foreign exchange reserves to buy kwanzas out of circulation, a policy that was more sustainable in 2005 because of strong oil export earnings, and has significantly reduced inflation. Consumer inflation declined from 325% in 2000 to about 18% in 2005, but the stabilization policy places pressure on international net liquidity. To fully take advantage of its rich national resources - gold, diamonds, extensive forests, Atlantic fisheries, and large oil deposits - Angola will need to continue reforming government policies and to reduce corruption. The government has made sufficient progress on reforms recommended by the IMF, such as promoting greater transparency in government spending, and continues to be without a formal monitoring agreement with the institution. Increased oil production supported 12% growth in 2004 and 14% growth in 2005.
    GDP - per capita$2,500 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)14.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc (tapioca), tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 8%, industry: 67%, services: 25% (2001 est.)
    Industries petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing; brewing; tobacco products; sugar; textiles, ship repair
    Economic aid - recipient$383.5 million (1999)
    Debt - external$9.879 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)70% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 85%, industry and services 15% (2003 est.)


    Angola: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)11,190,786
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.90%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)9.0
    Percent rural (2003)64.3%
    Median age (years)total: 18.12 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.27 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%


    Largest Cities in Angola


    Cities and urban areas in Angola with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    LuandaAngola21934002640500
    HuamboAngola168300168300
    LobitoAngola134600134600
    BenguelaAngola131400131400
    NamibeAngola125400125400


    Angola: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use96,300 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular130,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 51,429 km
    paved: 5,349 km
    unpaved: 46,080 km (2001)


    Angola: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 38.43 years
    male: 37.28 years
    female: 39.64 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate191.19 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)3.9% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2004)

    Angola : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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