TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Armenia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 9.3% or about 262,000 ha of Armenia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 5.0% ( 13,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Armenia had 21,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Armenia lost an average of 4,250 ha or 1.22% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Armenia lost 24.5% of its forest cover, or around 85,000 ha.

Armenia's forests contain 13 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Armenia has some 440 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 5.9% are threatened. Armenia is home to at least 3553 species of vascular plants. 10.1% of Armenia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Armenia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Armenia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2820
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)262
Percent Forest Cover9
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)13
Primary Forest, % total forest5
Other wooded land (1000 ha)45
Percent other wooded land2




Armenia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)135
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)22887
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)218


Armenia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
347304283262
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-4-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.31-1.42-1.53


Armenia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
333.00293.00273.00241.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-4-4.00-5.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.2-1.20-1.77


Armenia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
17151413
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.24-1.37-1.47


Armenia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14111021
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.38-1.8916.00


Armenia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
2446003000


Armenia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Armenia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
33126---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
118


Armenia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
17151413
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
48
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Armenia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
468--5419


Armenia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
9811100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
796676100


Armenia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
11---


Armenia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-32
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
522
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-1n.s.


Armenia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2005)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2005) Sub-national forest law: No

Armenia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Armenia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1389------


Armenia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Armenia: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
    Natural hazardsoccasionally severe earthquakes; droughts


    Armenia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 17.55%
    permanent crops: 2.3%
    other: 80.15% (2001)
    Natural resourcessmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina


    Armenia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia had developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics in exchange for raw materials and energy. Since the implosion of the USSR in December 1991, Armenia has switched to small-scale agriculture away from the large agroindustrial complexes of the Soviet era. The agricultural sector has long-term needs for more investment and updated technology. The privatization of industry has been at a slower pace, but has been given renewed emphasis by the current administration. Armenia is a food importer, and its mineral deposits (copper, gold, bauxite) are small. The ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over the ethnic Armenian-dominated region of Nagorno-Karabakh and the breakup of the centrally directed economic system of the former Soviet Union contributed to a severe economic decline in the early 1990s. By 1994, however, the Armenian Government had launched an ambitious IMF-sponsored economic liberalization program that resulted in positive growth rates in 1995-2005. Armenia joined the WTO in January 2003. Armenia also has managed to slash inflation, stabilize the local currency (the dram), and privatize most small- and medium-sized enterprises. Armenia's unemployment rate, however, remains high, despite strong economic growth. The chronic energy shortages Armenia suffered in the early and mid-1990s have been offset by the energy supplied by one of its nuclear power plants at Metsamor. Armenia is now a net energy exporter, although it does not have sufficient generating capacity to replace Metsamor, which is under international pressure to close. The electricity distribution system was privatized in 2002. Armenia's severe trade imbalance has been offset somewhat by international aid, remittances from Armenians working abroad, and foreign direct investment. Economic ties with Russia remain close, especially in the energy sector. The government made some improvements in tax and customs administration in 2005, but anti-corruption measures will be more difficult to implement. Investment in the construction and industrial sectors is expected to continue in 2006 and will help to ensure annual average real GDP growth of about 7.5%.
    GDP - per capita$5,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsfruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 24.9%, industry: 34.6%, services: 40.5% (2004 est.)
    Industries diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy
    Economic aid - recipientODA $170 million (2000)
    Debt - external$1.868 billion (31 December 2004)
    Population below poverty line (%)43% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 45%, industry 25%, services 30% (2002 est.)


    Armenia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)2,982,904
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.25%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)105.0
    Percent rural (2003)35.6%
    Median age (years)total: 30.07 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.32 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Armenia

    Cities and urban areas in Armenia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    YerevanArmenia12580001444500
    VanadzorArmenia147500147500
    GyumriArmenia125000125000


    Armenia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use562,600 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular114,400 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 7,633 km
    paved: 7,633 km (includes 1,561 km of expressways) (2003)


    Armenia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 71.55 years
    male: 67.97 years
    female: 75.75 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate23.28 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2003 est.)

    Armenia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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