TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Azerbaijan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 11.3% or about 936,000 ha of Azerbaijan is forested, according to FAO. Of this 42.7% ( 400,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Azerbaijan had 20,000 ha of planted forest. Azerbaijan's forests contain 54 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Azerbaijan has some 517 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 5.2% are threatened. Azerbaijan is home to at least 4300 species of vascular plants, of which 5.6% are endemic. 4.6% of Azerbaijan is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Azerbaijan

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Azerbaijan: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)8263
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)936
Percent Forest Cover11
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)400
Primary Forest, % total forest43
Other wooded land (1000 ha)54
Percent other wooded land1




Azerbaijan: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)40043
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)51655
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)202


Azerbaijan: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
936936936936
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Azerbaijan: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
916916916916
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Azerbaijan: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
400400400400
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Azerbaijan: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
20202020
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Azerbaijan: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
09280000


Azerbaijan: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Azerbaijan: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
127136---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Azerbaijan: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
54545454
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
58
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Azerbaijan: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
55----


Azerbaijan: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-314-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-314-


Azerbaijan: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Azerbaijan: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
542
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Azerbaijan: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1998) Sub-national forest law: No

Azerbaijan: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--2552---


Azerbaijan: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Azerbaijan: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Azerbaijan: Environment
    Environment - current issueslocal scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT as a pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsdroughts


    Azerbaijan: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 19.63%
    permanent crops: 2.71%
    other: 77.66% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina


    Azerbaijan: Economy
    Economy - overview:Azerbaijan's number one export is oil. Azerbaijan's oil production declined through 1997 but has registered an increase every year since. Negotiation of production-sharing arrangements (PSAs) with foreign firms, which have thus far committed $60 billion to long-term oilfield development, should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Oil production under the first of these PSAs, with the Azerbaijan International Operating Company, began in November 1997. A consortium of Western oil companies is scheduled to begin pumping 1 million barrels a day from a large offshore field in early 2006, through a $4 billion pipeline it built from Baku to Turkey's Mediterranean port of Ceyhan. Economists estimate that by 2010 revenues from this project will double the country's current GDP. Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy, but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform, and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced. Several other obstacles impede Armenia's economic progress: the need for stepped up foreign investment in the non-energy sector, the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, and the pervasive corruption. Trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics is declining in importance while trade is building with Turkey and the nations of Europe. Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices, the location of new pipelines in the region, and Azerbaijan's ability to manage its oil wealth.
    GDP - per capita$4,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)18.3% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 14.1%, industry: 45.7%, services: 40.2% (2002 est.)
    Industries petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore, cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
    Economic aid - recipientODA, $140 million (2000 est.)
    Debt - external$2.253 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)49% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture and forestry 41%, industry 7%, services 52% (2001)


    Azerbaijan: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)7,911,974
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.59%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)91.9
    Percent rural (2003)50.0%
    Median age (years)total: 27.53 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.44 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)


    Largest Cities in Azerbaijan


    Cities and urban areas in Azerbaijan with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BakuAzerbaijan12285002071600
    GiandzhaAzerbaijan294700294700
    SumgaitAzerbaijan279200279200


    Azerbaijan: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use923,800 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular870,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 27,016 km
    paved: 12,698 km (including 128 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 14,318 km (2003)


    Azerbaijan: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 63.35 years
    male: 59.24 years
    female: 67.66 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate81.74 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

    Azerbaijan : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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