TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Benin Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 41.2% or about 4,561,000 ha of Benin is forested, according to FAO. Benin had 19,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Benin lost an average of 60,000 ha or 1.04% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Benin lost 20.8% of its forest cover, or around 1,200,000 ha.

Benin's forests contain 263 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Benin has some 755 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.2% are threatened. Benin is home to at least 2500 species of vascular plants. 6.7% of Benin is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)200
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)4861
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)1620
Total forest carbon (Mt C)6481
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)262930
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Benin Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Benin

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Benin: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)11062
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)4561
Percent Forest Cover41
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)2889
Percent other wooded land26




Benin: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)4542100
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)19n.s.


Benin: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
5761506148114561
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-70-50-50
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.29-1.01-1.06


Benin: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
5751504847964542
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-70-70-51
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.2-1.22-1


Benin: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Benin: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
10131519
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.662.904.84


Benin: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
31028n.s.4000


Benin: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9910


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
59--


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Benin: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
16135016167
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Benin: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
332291277263
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
58
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-4-3-3
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Benin: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
4740


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Benin: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
317380404100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
639641324284100


Benin: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Benin: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.


Benin: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1994)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2007) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1993) Sub-national forest law: No

Benin: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
243n.s.57327495


Benin: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
3886245141015925-18376410


Benin: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Benin: Environment
    Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to March


    Benin: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 18.08%
    permanent crops: 2.4%
    other: 79.52% (2001)
    Natural resourcessmall offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber


    Benin: Economy
    Economy - overview:The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth in real output has averaged around 5% in the past six years, but rapid population growth has offset much of this increase. Inflation has subsided over the past several years. In order to raise growth still further, Benin plans to attract more foreign investment, place more emphasis on tourism, facilitate the development of new food processing systems and agricultural products, and encourage new information and communication technology. Many of these proposals are included in Benin's application to receive Millennium Challenge Account funding - for which it was a finalist in 2004-05. The 2001 privatization policy continues in telecommunications, water, electricity, and agriculture in spite of government reluctance. The Paris Club and bilateral creditors have eased the external debt situation, with Benin benefiting from a G8 debt reduction announced in July 2005, while pressing for more rapid structural reforms. Benin continues to be hurt by Nigerian trade protection that bans imports of a growing list of products from Benin and elsewhere, which has resulted in increased smuggling and criminality in the border region.
    GDP - per capita$1,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, livestock (2001)
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 33.9%, industry: 13.6%, services: 52.5% (2004 est.)
    Industries textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement (2001)
    Economic aid - recipient$342.6 million (2000)
    Debt - external$1.6 billion (2000)
    Population below poverty line (%)33% (2001 est.)


    Benin: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)7,460,025
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.82%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)67.4
    Percent rural (2003)55.4%
    Median age (years)total: 16.56 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.86 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500


    Largest Cities in Benin

    Cities and urban areas in Benin with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    CotonouBenin761900761900
    Porto NovoBenin225400225400
    ParakouBenin198000198000
    DjougouBenin176300176300
    BohiconBenin147300147300
    KandiBenin134800134800
    AbomeyBenin114600114600
    NatitingouBenin105000105000


    Benin: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use66,500 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular236,200 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 6,787 km
    paved: 1,357 km
    unpaved: 5,430 km (1999)


    Benin: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 52.66 years
    male: 51.53 years
    female: 53.82 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate85 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.9% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria, yellow fever, and others are high risks in some locations
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Benin : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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