TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Burkina Faso Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 20.6% or about 5,649,000 ha of Burkina Faso is forested, according to FAO. Burkina Faso had 109,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Burkina Faso lost an average of 59,900 ha or 0.87% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Burkina Faso lost 17.5% of its forest cover, or around 1,198,000 ha.

Burkina Faso's forests contain 292 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Burkina Faso has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.4% are threatened. Burkina Faso is home to at least 1100 species of vascular plants. 11.5% of Burkina Faso is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Burkina Faso Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Burkina Faso

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Burkina Faso: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)27360
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)5649
Percent Forest Cover21
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)5009
Percent other wooded land18




Burkina Faso: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)554098
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1092


Burkina Faso: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6847624859495649
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-60-60-60
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.91-0.98-1.03


Burkina Faso: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6840619058715540
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-65-65-65
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.0-0.95-1.05


Burkina Faso: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Burkina Faso: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
75878109
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
546
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
24.236.266.84


Burkina Faso: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
1106n.s.8400


Burkina Faso: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Burkina Faso: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
23742---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
7515


Burkina Faso: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
355323308292
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
52
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-3-3-3
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Burkina Faso: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Burkina Faso: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
355-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
633672437333-


Burkina Faso: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.63---


Burkina Faso: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-2-
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Burkina Faso: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1995)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1997) Sub-national forest law: Yes

Burkina Faso: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
700-787-839-


Burkina Faso: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
6072287-3202-5490-


Burkina Faso: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Burkina Faso: Environment
    Environment - current issuesrecent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsrecurring droughts


    Burkina Faso: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 14.43%
    permanent crops: 0.19%
    other: 85.38% (2001)
    Natural resourcesmanganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt


    Burkina Faso: Economy
    Economy - overview:One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has few natural resources and a weak industrial base. About 90% of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture, which is vulnerable to harsh climatic conditions. Cotton is the key crop and the government has joined with other cotton producing countries in the region to lobby for improved access to Western markets. GDP growth has largely been driven by increases in world cotton prices. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the CFA franc currency devaluation in January 1994 the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies; exports and economic growth have increased. The government devolved macroeconomic policy and inflation targeting to the West African regional central bank (BCEAO), but maintains control over fiscal and microeconomic policies, including implementing reforms to encourage private investment. The bitter internal crisis in neighboring Côte d'Ivoire continues to hurt trade and industrial prospects and deepens the need for international assistance.
    GDP - per capita$1,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 39.5%, industry: 19.3%, services: 41.3% (2004 est.)
    Industries cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
    Economic aid - recipient$468.4 million (2003)
    Debt - external$1.85 billion (2003)
    Population below poverty line (%)45% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 90% (2000 est.)


    Burkina Faso: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)13,925,313
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.53%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)50.9
    Percent rural (2003)82.2%
    Median age (years)total: 16.82 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.23 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani


    Largest Cities in Burkina Faso

    Cities and urban areas in Burkina Faso with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    OuagadougouBurkina Faso839800839800
    Bobo DioulassoBurkina Faso366500366500


    Burkina Faso: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use65,400 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular227,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 12,506 km
    paved: 2,001 km
    unpaved: 10,505 km (1999)


    Burkina Faso: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 48.45 years
    male: 46.96 years
    female: 49.99 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate97.57 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)4.2% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Burkina Faso : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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