TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Burundi Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 6.7% or about 172,000 ha of Burundi is forested, according to FAO. Of this 23.3% ( 40,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Burundi had 69,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Burundi lost an average of 5,850 ha or 2.02% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Burundi lost 40.5% of its forest cover, or around 117,000 ha.

Burundi's forests contain 17 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Burundi has some 819 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.7% are threatened. Burundi is home to at least 2500 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Burundi is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)100
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)341511
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)1043
Total forest carbon (Mt C)441915
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)546470
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Burundi Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Burundi

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Burundi: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2568
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)172
Percent Forest Cover7
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)40
Primary Forest, % total forest23
Other wooded land (1000 ha)722
Percent other wooded land28




Burundi: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)4023
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)6337
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)6940


Burundi: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
289198181172
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-9-3-2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.71-1.78-1.01


Burundi: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
289112103103
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-18-18-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-6.1-6.12-0.8


Burundi: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
110404040
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-700
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-9.6200


Burundi: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0867869
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
9-2-2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--1.93-2.42


Burundi: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
90000091


Burundi: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Burundi: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
20117---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Burundi: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
25191817
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
96
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-1n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.0n.s.n.s.


Burundi: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Burundi: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
58372383100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
666378459815100


Burundi: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
213---


Burundi: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Burundi: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2006)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1985) Sub-national forest law: No

Burundi: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
137-231118711


Burundi: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Burundi: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Burundi: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsflooding, landslides, drought


    Burundi: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 35.05%
    permanent crops: 14.02%
    other: 50.93% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone


    Burundi: Economy
    Economy - overview:Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural with more than 90% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture. Economic growth depends on coffee and tea exports, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings. The ability to pay for imports, therefore, rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. The Tutsi minority, 14% of the population, dominates the government and the coffee trade at the expense of the Hutu majority, 85% of the population. Since October 1993 an ethnic-based war has resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced 450,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in ten adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply. Political stability and the end of the civil war have improved aid flows and economic activity has increased, but underlying weaknesses - a high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, and low administrative capacity - risk undermining planned economic reforms.
    GDP - per capita$700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 45.6%, industry: 20.8%, services: 33.6% (2005 est.)
    Industries light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
    Economic aid - recipient$105.5 million (2003)
    Debt - external$1.2 billion (2003)
    Population below poverty line (%)68% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 93.6%, industry 2.3%, services 4.1% (2002 est.)


    Burundi: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)6,370,609
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.22%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)248.4
    Percent rural (2003)90.1%
    Median age (years)total: 16.6 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.81 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000


    Largest Cities in Burundi

    Cities and urban areas in Burundi with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BujumburaBurundi323200323200


    Burundi: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use23,900 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular64,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 14,480 km
    paved: 1,028 km
    unpaved: 13,452 km (1999)


    Burundi: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 50.29 years
    male: 49.61 years
    female: 50.99 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate69.29 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)6% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria (2004)

    Burundi : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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