TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Cameroon Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 42.1% or about 19,916,000 ha of Cameroon is forested, according to FAO, although other estimates put forest cover at up to 48%.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Cameroon lost an average of 220,000 ha or 0.90% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Cameroon lost 18.1% of its forest cover, or around 4,400,000 ha.

Cameroon's forests contain 2,696 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Cameroon has some 1661 known species of amphibians (220+), birds (848), mammals (250) and reptiles (330+) according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 7.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 6.7% are threatened. Cameroon is home to at least 8260 species of vascular plants, of which 1.9% are endemic. 7.4% of Cameroon is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)363027
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)3,6503,3613,226
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)995906864
Total forest carbon (Mt C)4,6464,2684,089
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)129142151
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Cameroon Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Cameroon

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact






Cameroon: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)47271
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)19916
Percent Forest Cover42
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Other wooded land (1000 ha)12715
Percent other wooded land27




Cameroon: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--


Cameroon: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24316221162101619916
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-220-220-220
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.94-1.02-1.07


Cameroon: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24316221162093219916
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-220-220-220
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.9-0.90-0.99


Cameroon: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
--0-
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Cameroon: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
--84-
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Cameroon: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
7331716n.s.0


Cameroon: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
5604130
Cameroon: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
61413080614118
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
24419


Cameroon: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3292299328442696
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
135
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-30-30-30
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Cameroon: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
49783


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Cameroon: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
360631383306-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
112551474216561-


Cameroon: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
618----


Cameroon: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
2320-
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Cameroon: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1993)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2005) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1994) Sub-national forest law: No

Cameroon: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----186520


Cameroon: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
46896------


Cameroon: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Cameroon: Environment
    Environment - current issueswaterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsvolcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes


    Cameroon: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 12.81%
    permanent crops: 2.58%
    other: 84.61% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower


    Cameroon: Economy
    Economy - overview:Because of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. International oil and cocoa prices have considerable impact on the economy.
    GDP - per capita$2,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 44.8%, industry: 17.3%, services: 37.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
    Economic aid - recipienton 23 January 2001, the Paris Club agreed to reduce Cameroon's debt of $1.3 billion by $900 million; debt relief now totals $1.26 billion
    Debt - external$9.223 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)48% (2000 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%


    Cameroon: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)16,380,005
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.93%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)34.9
    Percent rural (2003)48.6%
    Median age (years)total: 18.6 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.47 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%


    Largest Cities in Cameroon

    Cities and urban areas in Cameroon with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    DoualaCameroon12391001449400
    YaoundéCameroon11225001356600
    GarouaCameroon185800185800
    MarouaCameroon169200169200
    BafoussamCameroon151800151800
    BamendaCameroon149900149900
    NgaoundéréCameroon130600130600
    NkongsambaCameroon109200109200
    KaéléCameroon103200103200
    KumbaCameroon100400100400


    Cameroon: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use110,900 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1.077 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 80,932 km
    paved: 5,398 km
    unpaved: 75,534 km (2002)


    Cameroon: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 50.89 years
    male: 50.71 years
    female: 51.08 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate68.26 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)6.9% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Cameroon : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



    Tropical rainforest information

     World Rainforests
     Rainforest Structure
     Rainforest Biodiversity
     Canopy
     Forest Floor
     Rainforest Waters
     Indigenous People
     Deforestation
     Global Importance


     Rainforest Conservation
     Country Reports update soon
     References
     Deforestation Tables
     The Amazon Rainforest update soon
     The Congo Rainforest update soon
     Deforestation in Brazil
     Rainforest Images




    Google
      Web
    mongabay.com
    Mongabay Rainforests
    Mongabay News
    Mongabay Photos

  • what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

    "Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
    Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.