TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Cape Verde Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 21.1% or about 85,000 ha of Cape Verde is forested, according to FAO. Cape Verde had 85,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Cape Verde lost an average of 1,350 ha or 2.33% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Cape Verde gained 46.6% of its forest cover, or around 27,000 ha.

Cape Verde's forests contain 5 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Cape Verde has some 160 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 10.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.4% are threatened. Cape Verde is home to at least 774 species of vascular plants, of which 11.1% are endemic. 0.0% of Cape Verde is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Cape Verde

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Cape Verde: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)403
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)85
Percent Forest Cover21
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Cape Verde: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)85100


Cape Verde: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
58828485
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.580.360.36


Cape Verde: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010


Cape Verde: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Cape Verde: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
58828485
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.580.360.36


Cape Verde: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
809110000


Cape Verde: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Cape Verde: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
12145--100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Cape Verde: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
3555
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
58
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.0n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Cape Verde: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Cape Verde: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
--14-


Cape Verde: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-1---


Cape Verde: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--n.s.
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Cape Verde: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Cape Verde: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----2730


Cape Verde: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Cape Verde: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Cape Verde: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsprolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active


    Cape Verde: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 9.68%
    permanent crops: 0.5%
    other: 89.82% (2001)
    Natural resourcessalt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum


    Cape Verde: Economy
    Economy - overview:This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. The economy is service-oriented, with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for 72% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of agriculture in GDP in 2004 was only 12%, of which fishing accounted for 1.5%. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by foreign aid and remittances from emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Future prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program.
    GDP - per capita$6,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 12.1%, industry: 21.9%, services: 66% (2004 est.)
    Industries food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
    Economic aid - recipient$136 million (1999)
    Debt - external$325 million (2002)
    Population below poverty line (%)30% (2000)


    Cape Verde: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)418,224
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.67%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)103.7
    Percent rural (2003)44.1%
    Median age (years)total: 19.4 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.48 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Cape Verde: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use71,700 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular53,300 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 1,350 km
    paved: 1,053 km
    unpaved: 297 km (2002)


    Cape Verde: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 70.45 years
    male: 67.13 years
    female: 73.86 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate47.77 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.035% (2001 est.)

    Cape Verde : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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