TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Chad Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 9.2% or about 11,525,000 ha of Chad is forested, according to FAO. Of this 1.6% ( 184,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Chad had 17,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Chad lost an average of 79,250 ha or 0.60% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Chad lost 12.1% of its forest cover, or around 1,585,000 ha.

Chad's forests contain 635 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Chad has some 698 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.6% are threatened. Chad is home to at least 1600 species of vascular plants. 9.0% of Chad is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)410
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)73207
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)2462
Total forest carbon (Mt C)972610
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)233136
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Chad

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Chad: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)125920
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)11525
Percent Forest Cover9
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)184
Primary Forest, % total forest2
Other wooded land (1000 ha)8847
Percent other wooded land7




Chad: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1842
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1132498
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)17n.s.


Chad: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
13110123171192111525
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-79-79-79
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.62-0.65-0.67


Chad: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
13099123031190611508
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-80-80-80
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.6-0.61-0.65


Chad: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
209196190184
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.64-0.62-0.64


Chad: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
11141517
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.441.392.53


Chad: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
90n.s.100000


Chad: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Chad: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
21118--38
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
657


Chad: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
722677655635
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
55
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-5-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Chad: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
5794100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Chad: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
40442443567
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
80848486869667


Chad: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
76152---


Chad: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-11
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-11
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Chad: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2000)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1972) In implementation
National forest law (year): Incorporated in other law (2008) Sub-national forest law: No

Chad: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
603271027893


Chad: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
286666-381-1046-


Chad: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Chad: Environment
    Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; improper waste disposal in rural areas contributes to soil and water pollution; desertification
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan winds occur in north; periodic droughts; locust plagues


    Chad: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.86%
    permanent crops: 0.02%
    other: 97.12% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt


    Chad: Economy
    Economy - overview:Chad's primarily agricultural economy will continue to be boosted by major foreign direct investment projects in the oil sector that began in 2000. Over 80% of Chad's population relies on subsistence farming and livestock raising for its livelihood. Chad's economy has long been handicapped by its landlocked position, high energy costs, and a history of instability. Chad relies on foreign assistance and foreign capital for most public and private sector investment projects. A consortium led by two US companies has been investing $3.7 billion to develop oil reserves, estimated at 1 billion barrels, in southern Chad. The nation's total oil reserves have been estimated to be 2 billion barrels. Oil production came on stream in late 2003. Chad began to export oil in 2004. Cotton, cattle, and gum arabic provide the bulk of Chad's non-oil export earnings.
    GDP - per capita$1,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)14% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 23.7%, industry: 38.6%, services: 37.7% (2005 est.)
    Industries oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
    Economic aid - recipient$238.3 million received; note - $125 million committed by Taiwan (August 1997); $30 million committed by African Development Bank; ODA $246.9 million (2003 est.)
    Debt - external$1.5 billion (2003 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)80% (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture more than 80% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing)


    Chad: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)9,826,419
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.95%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)7.8
    Percent rural (2003)75.1%
    Median age (years)total: 16.02 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.32 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad


    Largest Cities in Chad

    Cities and urban areas in Chad with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    N'DjamenaChad601500601500
    MoundouChad112800112800


    Chad: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use11,800 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular65,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 33,400 km
    paved: 267 km
    unpaved: 33,133 km (1999)


    Chad: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 47.18 years
    male: 45.55 years
    female: 48.87 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate93.82 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)4.8% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Chad : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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