TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Comoros Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 1.6% or about 3,000 ha of Comoros is forested, according to FAO. Comoros had 1,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Comoros lost an average of 450 ha or 3.75% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Comoros lost 75.0% of its forest cover, or around 9,000 ha.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Comoros has some 138 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 21.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 10.1% are threatened. Comoros is home to at least 721 species of vascular plants, of which 18.9% are endemic. 0.0% of Comoros is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Comoros Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Comoros

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Comoros: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)186
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)3
Percent Forest Cover2
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Comoros: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)267
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)133


Comoros: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
12853
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.-1n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.97-8.97-9.71


Comoros: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
10642
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-4.0-4-7


Comoros: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Comoros: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2211
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0n.s.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0-12.940


Comoros: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
336700000


Comoros: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Comoros: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
121310100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Comoros: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
211n.s.
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
117
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
0.7n.s.-5.5


Comoros: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
0-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
000000


Comoros: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
889100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
160185197100


Comoros: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
22---


Comoros: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Comoros: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Comoros: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Comoros: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Comoros: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Comoros: Environment
    Environment - current issuessoil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardscyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano


    Comoros: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 35.87%
    permanent crops: 23.32%
    other: 40.81% (2001)
    Natural resourcesNEGL


    Comoros: Economy
    Economy - overview:One of the world's poorest countries, Comoros is made up of three islands that have inadequate transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a subsistence level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a heavy dependence on foreign grants and technical assistance. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, contributes 40% to GDP, employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. The country is not self-sufficient in food production; rice, the main staple, accounts for the bulk of imports. The government - which is hampered by internal political disputes - is struggling to upgrade education and technical training, privatize commercial and industrial enterprises, improve health services, diversify exports, promote tourism, and reduce the high population growth rate. Increased foreign support is essential if the goal of 4% annual GDP growth is to be met. Remittances from 150,000 Comorans abroad help supplement GDP.
    GDP - per capita$600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsvanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 40%, industry: 4%, services: 56% (2001 est.)
    Industries tourism, perfume distillation
    Economic aid - recipient$24 million (2003 est.)
    Debt - external$232 million (2000 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)60% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%


    Comoros: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)671,247
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.91%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)309.3
    Percent rural (2003)65.0%
    Median age (years)total: 18.61 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.09 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Comoros: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use13,200 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular2,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 880 km
    paved: 673 km
    unpaved: 207 km (1999)


    Comoros: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 61.96 years
    male: 59.65 years
    female: 64.33 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate74.93 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.12% (2001 est.)

    Comoros : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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