TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Croatia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 34.3% or about 1,920,000 ha of Croatia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 0.4% ( 7,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Croatia had 70,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Croatia lost an average of 3,500 ha or 0.19% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Croatia gained 3.8% of its forest cover, or around 70,000 ha.

Croatia's forests contain 253 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Croatia has some 505 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.4% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.8% are threatened. Croatia is home to at least 4288 species of vascular plants. 6.0% of Croatia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Croatia pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Croatia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Croatia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)5592
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1920
Percent Forest Cover34
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)7
Primary Forest, % total forestn.s.
Other wooded land (1000 ha)554
Percent other wooded land10




Croatia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)7n.s.
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)184396
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)704


Croatia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1850188519031920
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
443
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.190.190.18


Croatia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1758180418271850
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
555
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.30.260.25


Croatia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7777
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Croatia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
92817670
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.27-1.27-1.63


Croatia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
82432900


Croatia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
73270


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Croatia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
41021351359100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
610


Croatia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
190221237253
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
132
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
333
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.51.41.4


Croatia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
7100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
2710819653


Croatia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-26463077100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-9611181100


Croatia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
186282216n.s.


Croatia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
14109
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Croatia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2003) Under revision
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2005) Sub-national forest law: No

Croatia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
2236433016933


Croatia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
07920007920


Croatia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Croatia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
    Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes


    Croatia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 26.09%
    permanent crops: 2.27%
    other: 71.65% (2001)
    Natural resourcesoil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower


    Croatia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Croatia, after Slovenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, with a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. The economy emerged from a mild recession in 2000 with tourism, banking, and public investments leading the way. Unemployment remains high, at about 18 percent, with structural factors slowing its decline. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag because of deep resistance on the part of the public and lack of strong support from politicians. Growth, while impressively about 3% to 4% for the last several years, has been stimulated, in part, through high fiscal deficits and rapid credit growth. The EU accession process should accelerate fiscal and structural reform.
    GDP - per capita$11,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, corn, sugar beets, sunflower seed, barley, alfalfa, clover, olives, citrus, grapes, soybeans, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 8.1%, industry: 31%, services: 60.8% (2005 est.)
    Industries chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages; tourism
    Economic aid - recipientODA $166.5 million (2002)
    Debt - external$29.28 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)11% (2003)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 2.7%, industry 32.8%, services 64.5% (2004)


    Croatia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,495,904
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.02%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)79.7
    Percent rural (2003)41.0%
    Median age (years)total: 39.97 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.39 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Croatia

    Cities and urban areas in Croatia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    ZagrebCroatia765700890900
    SplitCroatia172700172700
    RijekaCroatia152100152100


    Croatia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1.825 million (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular2.553 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 28,588 km
    paved: 24,186 km (including 583 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 4,402 km (2003)


    Croatia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.45 years
    male: 70.79 years
    female: 78.31 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate6.84 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Croatia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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