TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Czech Republic Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 34.4% or about 2,657,000 ha of Czech Republic is forested, according to FAO. Of this 0.3% ( 9,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Czech Republic had 2,635,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Czech Republic lost an average of 1,400 ha or 0.05% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Czech Republic gained 1.1% of its forest cover, or around 28,000 ha.

Czech Republic's forests contain 356 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Czech Rep has some 504 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.0% are threatened. Czech Rep is home to at least 1900 species of vascular plants. 2.5% of Czech Rep is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Czech Republic

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Czech Republic: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)7726
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2657
Percent Forest Cover34
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)9
Primary Forest, % total forestn.s.
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Czech Republic: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)9n.s.
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)13n.s.
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)263599


Czech Republic: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2629263726472657
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
122
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.030.080.08


Czech Republic: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
19212122
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.11.050.48


Czech Republic: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9999
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Czech Republic: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2610261626262635
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
122
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.020.080.07


Czech Republic: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
759133000


Czech Republic: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
76240


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
86140


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Czech Republic: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
769290634136100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
0-


Czech Republic: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
287322339356
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
134
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
433
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.31.21.1


Czech Republic: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
1348124873


Czech Republic: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
118741483616786100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
115610231487100


Czech Republic: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
850211651037n.s.


Czech Republic: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
533122
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Czech Republic: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1994)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2008) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1995) Sub-national forest law: No

Czech Republic: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Czech Republic: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
--29418-5717-35133


Czech Republic: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Czech Republic: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks; acid rain damaging forests; efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsflooding


    Czech Republic: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 39.8%
    permanent crops: 3.05%
    other: 57.15% (2001)
    Natural resourceshard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber


    Czech Republic: Economy
    Economy - overview:The Czech Republic is one of the most stable and prosperous of the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. Growth in 2000-05 was supported by exports to the EU, primarily to Germany, and a strong recovery of foreign and domestic investment. Domestic demand is playing an ever more important role in underpinning growth as interest rates drop and the availability of credit cards and mortgages increases. Current account deficits of around 5% of GDP are beginning to decline as demand for Czech products in the European Union increases. Inflation is under control. Recent accession to the EU gives further impetus and direction to structural reform. In early 2004 the government passed increases in the Value Added Tax (VAT) and tightened eligibility for social benefits with the intention to bring the public finance gap down to 4% of GDP by 2006, but more difficult pension and healthcare reforms will have to wait until after the next elections. Privatization of the state-owned telecommunications firm Cesky Telecom took place in 2005. Intensified restructuring among large enterprises, improvements in the financial sector, and effective use of available EU funds should strengthen output growth.
    GDP - per capita$18,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.6% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 3.4%, industry: 39.3%, services: 57.3% (2004 est.)
    Industries metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
    Economic aid - recipient$2.4 billion in available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004-06)
    Debt - external$43.2 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 4%, industry 38%, services 58% (2002 est.)


    Czech Republic: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)10,241,138
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.05%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)132.5
    Percent rural (2003)25.7%
    Median age (years)total: 38.97 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.2 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Czech Republic

    Cities and urban areas in Czech Republic with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    PragueCzech Republic11742001379200
    BrnoCzech Republic377800377800
    OstravaCzech Republic318500644000
    PlzenCzech Republic165600165600
    OlomoucCzech Republic103100103100


    Czech Republic: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3.626 million (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular9,708,700 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 127,672 km
    paved: 127,672 km (including 518 km of expressways) (2002)


    Czech Republic: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 76.02 years
    male: 72.74 years
    female: 79.49 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate3.93 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Czech Republic : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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