TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Denmark Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 12.8% or about 544,000 ha of Denmark is forested, according to FAO. Of this 4.6% ( 25,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Denmark had 407,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Denmark lost an average of 4,950 ha or 1.11% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Denmark gained 22.2% of its forest cover, or around 99,000 ha.

Denmark's forests contain 37 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Denmark has some 531 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.8% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.6% are threatened. Denmark is home to at least 1450 species of vascular plants, of which 0.1% are endemic. 21.8% of Denmark is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Denmark

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Denmark: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)4243
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)544
Percent Forest Cover13
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)25
Primary Forest, % total forest5
Other wooded land (1000 ha)47
Percent other wooded land1




Denmark: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)255
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)11221
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)40775


Denmark: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
445486534544
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4102
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.891.900.37


Denmark: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
114.00125.00137.00137.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
11.001.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.00.960.96


Denmark: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
21232525
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.911.680


Denmark: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
331361397407
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
372
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.871.920.50


Denmark: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
5507027011


Denmark: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
30691


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
64360


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Denmark: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
1081995158100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
123


Denmark: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
22263637
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
68
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.2n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.3.1n.s.


Denmark: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
4215345510


Denmark: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
149814561231100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
4516441080100


Denmark: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
6232---


Denmark: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
444
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
444
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Denmark: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2002)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2002) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2004) Sub-national forest law: No

Denmark: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----43430


Denmark: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
340519985122311009985122311


Denmark: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Denmark: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsflooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes


    Denmark: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 54.02%
    permanent crops: 0.19%
    other: 45.79% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand


    Denmark: Economy
    Economy - overview:This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus. Government objectives include streamlining the bureaucracy and further privatization of state assets. The government has been successful in meeting, and even exceeding, the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), but Denmark has decided not to join 12 other EU members in the euro; even so, the Danish krone remains pegged to the euro. Growth in 2005 was sluggish, yet above the scanty 0.3% of 2003. Because of high GDP per capita, welfare benefits, a low Gini index, and political stability, the Danish people enjoy living standards topped by no other nation. A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline in the ratio of workers to retirees.
    GDP - per capita$33,500 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbarley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 2.2%, industry: 24%, services: 73.8% (2005 est.)
    Industries iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$352.9 billion (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 4%, industry 17%, services 79% (2002 est.)


    Denmark: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,432,335
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.34%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)128.1
    Percent rural (2003)14.7%
    Median age (years)total: 39.47 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.74 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali


    Largest Cities in Denmark

    Cities and urban areas in Denmark with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    CopenhagenDenmark10961001096100
    AarhusDenmark219000219000
    OdenseDenmark145300145300
    AalborgDenmark120000120000


    Denmark: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3,610,100 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular4,785,300 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 71,847 km
    paved: 71,847 km (including 920 km of expressways) (2002)


    Denmark: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.62 years
    male: 75.34 years
    female: 80.03 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate4.56 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.2% (2003 est.)

    Denmark : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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