TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

East Timor Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 49.9% or about 742,000 ha of Timor-Leste is forested, according to FAO. Timor-Leste had 43,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Timor-Leste lost an average of 11,200 ha or 1.16% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Timor-Leste lost 23.2% of its forest cover, or around 224,000 ha.

Timor-Leste's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: 0.0% of Timor-Leste is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)110
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)643931
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)18119
Total forest carbon (Mt C)835140
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)838485
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

The following contains data relating to forest cover in East Timor

Previous version of this profile (2009)


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[an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] East Timor: Environment
Environment - current issueswidespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsNA
Natural hazardsfloods and landslides are common; earthquakes, tsunamis, tropical cyclones

East Timor: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 4.71%
permanent crops: 0.67%
other: 94.62% (2001)
Natural resourcesgold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble

East Timor: Economy
Economy - overview:In late 1999, about 70% of the economic infrastructure of East Timor was laid waste by Indonesian troops and anti-independence militias, and 300,000 people fled westward. Over the next three years, however, a massive international program, manned by 5,000 peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and 1,300 police officers, led to substantial reconstruction in both urban and rural areas. By 2003, all but about 30,000 of the refugees had returned. Non-petroleum GDP growth was held back in 2003 by extensive drought and the gradual winding down of the international presence, but recovered somewhat in 2004. The country faces great challenges in continuing the rebuilding of infrastructure, strengthening the infant civil administration, and generating jobs for young people entering the workforce. The development of oil and gas resources in nearby waters has begun to supplement government revenues ahead of schedule and above expectations - the result of high petroleum prices - but the technology-intensive industry does little to create jobs for the unemployed. The Parliament in June 2005 unanimously approved the creation of a Petroleum Fund to serve as a repository for all petroleum revenues and preserve the value of East Timor's petroleum wealth for future generations.
GDP - per capita$400 (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)1% (2004 est.)
Agriculture - productscoffee, rice, maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 25.4%, industry: 17.2%, services: 57.4% (2001)
Industries printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Economic aid - recipient$2.2 billion (1999-2002 est.)
Debt - externalnone
Population below poverty line (%)42% (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)NA

East Timor: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)1,040,880
Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.09%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)69.4
Median age (years)total: 20.41 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.61 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority

[an error occurred while processing this directive]--> East Timor: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in useNA
Telephones - mobile cellularNA
Roadways (km)total: 3,800 km
paved: 428 km
unpaved: 3,372 km (1995)

East Timor: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 65.9 years
male: 63.63 years
female: 68.29 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate47.41 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

East Timor : References & Data Sources
 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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