TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Egypt Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.1% or about 70,000 ha of Egypt is forested, according to FAO. Egypt had 70,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Egypt lost an average of 1,300 ha or 2.95% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Egypt gained 59.1% of its forest cover, or around 26,000 ha.

Egypt's forests contain 7 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Egypt has some 717 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 2.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.0% are threatened. Egypt is home to at least 2076 species of vascular plants, of which 3.4% are endemic. 4.6% of Egypt is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Egypt

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Egypt: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)99545
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)70
Percent Forest Covern.s.
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)20
Percent other wooded landn.s.




Egypt: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)70100


Egypt: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
44596770
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
221
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.982.580.88


Egypt: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010


Egypt: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Egypt: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
44596770
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
221
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.982.580.88


Egypt: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
249304600


Egypt: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
50500


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Egypt: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
8120n.s.80
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
n.s.11


Egypt: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
4677
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
99
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Egypt: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
0-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
1n.s.n.s.012


Egypt: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-7580-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-110120-


Egypt: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
55111n.s.


Egypt: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-1113
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-1012
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-11


Egypt: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: - (2000) In implementation
National forest law (year): Incorporated in other law (-) Sub-national forest law: No

Egypt: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
500030570032650034


Egypt: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1141860570-060570


Egypt: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Egypt: Environment
    Environment - current issuesagricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands; increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam; desertification; oil pollution threatening coral reefs, beaches, and marine habitats; other water pollution from agricultural pesticides, raw sewage, and industrial effluents; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Nile which is the only perennial water source; rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides; hot, driving windstorm called khamsin occurs in spring; dust storms, sandstorms


    Egypt: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.87%
    permanent crops: 0.48%
    other: 96.65% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc


    Egypt: Economy
    Economy - overview:Lack of substantial progress on economic reform since the mid 1990s has limited foreign direct investment in Egypt and kept annual GDP growth in the range of 2%-3% in 2001-03. However, in 2004 Egypt implemented several measures to boost foreign direct investment. In September 2004, Egypt pushed through custom reforms, proposed income and corporate tax reforms, reduced energy subsidies, and privatized several enterprises. The budget deficit rose to an estimated 8% of GDP in 2004 compared to 6.1% of GDP the previous year, in part as a result of these reforms. Monetary pressures on an overvalued Egyptian pound led the government to float the currency in January 2003, leading to a sharp drop in its value and consequent inflationary pressure. The development of an export market for natural gas is a bright spot for future growth prospects, but improvement in the capital-intensive hydrocarbons sector does little to reduce Egypt's persistent unemployment.
    GDP - per capita$4,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 15%, industry: 36.7%, services: 48.4% (2005 est.)
    Industries textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals
    Economic aid - recipientODA, $1.12 billion (2002)
    Debt - external$28.95 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)16.7% (2000 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 32%, industry 17%, services 51% (2001 est.)


    Egypt: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)77,505,756
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.78%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)77.9
    Percent rural (2003)57.9%
    Median age (years)total: 23.68 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.88 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Eastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%


    Largest Cities in Egypt

    Cities and urban areas in Egypt with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    CairoEgypt776470015546100
    AlexandriaEgypt38063004345800
    GizaEgypt25410002541000
    Subra al-HaymahEgypt995800995800
    Port SaidEgypt537000537000
    SuezEgypt477600571800
    El Mahalla el KubraEgypt452200452200
    TantaEgypt424300424300
    MansuraEgypt422700548900
    LuxorEgypt412300412300
    AsyutEgypt392800392800
    ZagazigEgypt305800305800
    FaiyumEgypt298400298400
    IsmailiaEgypt291000291000
    AswanEgypt250500250500
    DamanhurEgypt242700242700
    El MinyaEgypt230300230300
    Beni SuefEgypt196700196700
    QinaEgypt195900195900
    SuhajEgypt194600194600
    Shibin el KomEgypt182900182900
    BanhaEgypt166700166700
    Kafr el SheikhEgypt142700142700
    MallawiEgypt136400136400
    BilbaysEgypt129900129900
    Mit GamrEgypt116400116400
    El ArishEgypt114900114900
    JirjaEgypt109100109100
    EdfuEgypt107800107800
    DisuqEgypt104400104400
    BilqasEgypt100900100900
    IdkuEgypt100400100400


    Egypt: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use9.6 million (2005)
    Telephones - mobile cellular8,583,940 (2005)
    Roadways (km)total: 64,000 km
    paved: 49,984 km
    unpaved: 14,016 km (1999)


    Egypt: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 71 years
    male: 68.5 years
    female: 73.62 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate32.59 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Egypt : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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