TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Eritrea Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 15.2% or about 1,532,000 ha of Eritrea is forested, according to FAO. Eritrea had 34,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Eritrea lost an average of 4,450 ha or 0.27% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Eritrea lost 5.5% of its forest cover, or around 89,000 ha.

Eritrea's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Eritrea has some 704 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.1% are threatened. 0.0% of Eritrea is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Eritrea

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Eritrea: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)10100
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1532
Percent Forest Cover15
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)7153
Percent other wooded land71




Eritrea: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)149898
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)342


Eritrea: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1621157615541532
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-5-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.28-0.28-0.28


Eritrea: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1611155515261498
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-6-6-6
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.3-0.35-0.37


Eritrea: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Eritrea: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
10212834
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
7.755.673.86


Eritrea: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
21501091


Eritrea: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Eritrea: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Eritrea: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Eritrea: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Eritrea: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-21100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-25491475100


Eritrea: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.24---


Eritrea: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Eritrea: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2008) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2006) Sub-national forest law: No

Eritrea: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
38940234518


Eritrea: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Eritrea: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Eritrea: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; desertification; soil erosion; overgrazing; loss of infrastructure from civil warfare
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsfrequent droughts; locust swarms


    Eritrea: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 4.95%
    permanent crops: 0.03%
    other: 95.02% (2001)
    Natural resourcesgold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish


    Eritrea: Economy
    Economy - overview:Since independence from Ethiopia on 24 May 1993, Eritrea has faced the economic problems of a small, desperately poor country. Like the economies of many African nations, the economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture, with 80% of the population involved in farming and herding. The Ethiopian-Eritrea war in 1998-2000 severely hurt Eritrea's economy. GDP growth fell to zero in 1999 and to -12.1% in 2000. The May 2000 Ethiopian offensive into northern Eritrea caused some $600 million in property damage and loss, including losses of $225 million in livestock and 55,000 homes. The attack prevented planting of crops in Eritrea's most productive region, causing food production to drop by 62%. Even during the war, Eritrea developed its transportation infrastructure, asphalting new roads, improving its ports, and repairing war damaged roads and bridges. Since the war ended, the government has maintained a firm grip on the economy, expanding the use of the military and party-owned businesses to complete Eritrea's development agenda. Erratic rainfall and the delayed demobilization of agriculturalists from the military kept cereal production well below normal, holding down growth in 2002-05. Eritrea's economic future depends upon its ability to master social problems such as illiteracy, unemployment, and low skills, and to open its economy to private enterprise so the diaspora's money and expertise can foster economic growth.
    GDP - per capita$1,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 8.7%, industry: 26.3%, services: 65% (2005 est.)
    Industries food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, salt, cement, commercial ship repair
    Economic aid - recipient$77 million (1999)
    Debt - external$311 million (2000 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)50% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%


    Eritrea: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,561,599
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.51%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)37.6
    Percent rural (2003)80.1%
    Median age (years)total: 17.54 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.61 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)ethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%


    Largest Cities in Eritrea

    Cities and urban areas in Eritrea with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    AsmaraEritrea392500881400


    Eritrea: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use38,100 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellularNA
    Roadways (km)total: 4,010 km
    paved: 874 km
    unpaved: 3,136 km (1999)


    Eritrea: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 58.47 years
    male: 56.96 years
    female: 60.02 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate74.87 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)2.7% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations (2004)

    Eritrea : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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