TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

French Guiana Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 98.3% or about 8,082,000 ha of French Guiana is forested, according to FAO. Of this 95.1% ( 7,690,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. French Guiana had 1,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, French Guiana lost an average of 5,300 ha or 0.06% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, French Guiana lost 1.3% of its forest cover, or around 106,000 ha.

French Guiana's forests contain 1,651 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: French Guiana has some 1064 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.1% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.9% are threatened. French Guiana is home to at least 5625 species of vascular plants, of which 2.6% are endemic. 15.4% of French Guiana is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)322
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)328310305
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)878281
Total forest carbon (Mt C)416393386
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)159160160
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

French Guiana Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in French Guiana

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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French Guiana: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)8220
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)8082
Percent Forest Cover98
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)7690
Primary Forest, % total forest95
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




French Guiana: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)769095
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)3915
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1n.s.


French Guiana: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8188811881008082
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-7-4-4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.09-0.04-0.04


French Guiana: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8187811780998081
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-7-7-4
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.100


French Guiana: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8006781677387690
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-19-16-10
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.24-0.20-0.12


French Guiana: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


French Guiana: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
0030052018


French Guiana: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
100n.s.0


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
French Guiana: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
282935002829-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
0-


French Guiana: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
1672165716541651
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
204
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-2-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


French Guiana: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
0-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
000000


French Guiana: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
916062100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
000-


French Guiana: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
10---


French Guiana: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


French Guiana: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2007)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2001) Sub-national forest law: Yes

French Guiana: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--65207618


French Guiana: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1318399900152539991525


French Guiana: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] French Guiana: Environment
    Environment - current issuesNA
    Environment - international agreementshigh frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding


    French Guiana: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.14%
    permanent crops: 0.05%
    other: 99.81% (90% forest, 10% other) (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), petroleum, kaolin, fish, niobium, tantalum, clay


    French Guiana: Economy
    Economy - overview:The economy is tied closely to the much larger French economy through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou (which accounts for 25% of GDP), fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. Forest and woodland cover 90% of the country. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.
    GDP - per capita$8,300 (2003 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)NA%
    Agriculture - productscorn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA%, industry: NA%, services: NA% (2001 est.)
    Industries construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining
    Economic aid - recipientNA
    Debt - external$1.2 billion (1988)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 18.2%, industry 21.2%, services, government, and commerce 60.6% (1980)


    French Guiana: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)195,506
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.10%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)2.2
    Percent rural (2003)24.6%
    Median age (years)total: 28.45 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.01 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)black or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> French Guiana: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use51,000 (2001)
    Telephones - mobile cellular138,200 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 817 km (1998)


    French Guiana: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.09 years
    male: 73.77 years
    female: 80.58 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate12.07 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

    French Guiana : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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