TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Guinea Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 26.6% or about 6,544,000 ha of Guinea is forested, according to FAO. Of this 1.0% ( 63,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Guinea had 93,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Guinea lost an average of 36,000 ha or 0.50% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Guinea lost 9.9% of its forest cover, or around 720,000 ha.

Guinea's forests contain 619 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Guinea has some 998 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.4% are threatened. Guinea is home to at least 3000 species of vascular plants, of which 2.9% are endemic. 0.2% of Guinea is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)1885
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)744365219
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)22410965
Total forest carbon (Mt C)968473284
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)545762
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Guinea Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Guinea

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Guinea: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)24572
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)6544
Percent Forest Cover27
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)63
Primary Forest, % total forest1
Other wooded land (1000 ha)5850
Percent other wooded land24




Guinea: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)631
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)638898
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)931


Guinea: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7264690467246544
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-36-36-36
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.51-0.53-0.54


Guinea: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7204683266426451
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-37-37-38
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.5-0.52-0.56


Guinea: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
63636363
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Guinea: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
60728293
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
122
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.842.642.55


Guinea: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
294607036


Guinea: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9910


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
1-99


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
10000n.s.0
Guinea: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
50677---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Guinea: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
687653636619
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
95
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-3-3-3
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Guinea: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
-100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Guinea: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
626748749100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
107871243113441100


Guinea: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Guinea: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Guinea: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1991)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1989) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1989) Sub-national forest law: No

Guinea: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Guinea: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Guinea: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Guinea: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season


    Guinea: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.63%
    permanent crops: 2.58%
    other: 93.79% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt


    Guinea: Economy
    Economy - overview:Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country possesses almost half of the world's bauxite reserves and is the second-largest bauxite producer. The mining sector accounted for over 70% of exports in 2004. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Fighting along the Sierra Leonean and Liberian borders, as well as refugee movements, have caused major economic disruptions, aggravating a loss in investor confidence. Panic buying has created food shortages and inflation and caused riots in local markets. Guinea is not receiving multilateral aid. The IMF and World Bank cut off most assistance in 2003. Growth rose slightly in 2005, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets.
    GDP - per capita$2,200 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsrice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 23.7%, industry: 36.2%, services: 40.1% (2005 est.)
    Industries bauxite, gold, diamonds; alumina refining; light manufacturing and agricultural processing industries
    Economic aid - recipient$237.5 million (2003)
    Debt - external$3.46 billion (2003 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2000 est.)


    Guinea: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)9,467,866
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.37%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)38.5
    Percent rural (2003)65.1%
    Median age (years)total: 17.67 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.83 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%


    Largest Cities in Guinea

    Cities and urban areas in Guinea with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    ConakryGuinea15958001595800
    KankanGuinea126400126400


    Guinea: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use26,200 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular111,500 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 44,348 km
    paved: 4,342 km
    unpaved: 40,006 km (2003)


    Guinea: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 49.36 years
    male: 48.19 years
    female: 50.57 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate90.37 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)3.2% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
    aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2004)

    Guinea : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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