TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Guyana Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 77.2% or about 15,205,000 ha of Guyana was forested in 2010, according to FAO. Guyana's forests contain 1,629 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Guyana has some 1263 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 2.1% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.2% are threatened. Guyana is home to at least 6409 species of vascular plants. 2.3% of Guyana is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)191818
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)2,4012,2932,261
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)640610601
Total forest carbon (Mt C)3,0402,9032,862
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)158161162
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Guyana Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Guyana

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Guyana: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)19685
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)15205
Percent Forest Cover77
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)6790
Primary Forest, % total forest45
Other wooded land (1000 ha)3580
Percent other wooded land18




Guyana: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)679045
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)841555
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00


Guyana: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
15205152051520515205
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Guyana: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
15205152051520515205
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.000.00


Guyana: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-679067906790
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00


Guyana: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
-000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Guyana: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
97012000


Guyana: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
80200


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Guyana: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
220614502206-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Guyana: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
1629162916291629
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
107
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Guyana: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Guyana: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-363395100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-2921100


Guyana: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
99-n.s.--


Guyana: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--24
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Guyana: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1997)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2001) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1953) Sub-national forest law: No

Guyana: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
140391603824227


Guyana: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
2552210100021010


Guyana: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Guyana: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsflash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons


    Guyana: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.44%
    permanent crops: 0.15%
    other: 97.41% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish


    Guyana: Economy
    Economy - overview:The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in 2001-02, based on expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Growth then slowed in 2003 and came back gradually in 2004, buoyed largely by increased export earnings, and slowed again in 2005. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term from restructuring and partial privatization. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have fallen sharply, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy prices.
    GDP - per capita$3,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)0.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 36.8%, industry: 20.2%, services: 43% (2005 est.)
    Industries bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
    Economic aid - recipient$84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997)
    Debt - external$1.2 billion (2002)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%


    Guyana: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)765,283
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)3.9
    Percent rural (2003)62.4%
    Median age (years)total: 26.91 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.05 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%


    Largest Cities in Guyana

    Cities and urban areas in Guyana with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    GeorgetownGuyana225800225800


    Guyana: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use80,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular87,300 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 7,970 km
    paved: 590 km
    unpaved: 7,380 km (1999)


    Guyana: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 65.5 years
    male: 62.86 years
    female: 68.28 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate33.26 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)2.5% (2003 est.)

    Guyana : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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