TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Haiti Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 3.7% or about 101,000 ha of Haiti is forested, according to FAO. Haiti had 28,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Haiti lost an average of 750 ha or 0.65% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Haiti lost 12.9% of its forest cover, or around 15,000 ha.

Haiti's forests contain 5 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Haiti has some 474 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 16.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 15.6% are threatened. Haiti is home to at least 5242 species of vascular plants, of which 31.0% are endemic. 0.3% of Haiti is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Haiti

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact






Haiti: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2756
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)101
Percent Forest Cover4
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Haiti: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)7372
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2828


Haiti: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
116109105101
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1-1-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.62-0.74-0.77


Haiti: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
104898173
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2-2-2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-1.4-1.44-1.8


Haiti: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Haiti: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
12202428
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
5.243.713.13


Haiti: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
540400042


Haiti: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Haiti: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
76525-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Haiti: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
6665
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
54
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Haiti: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Haiti: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
275275275100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
189022572300100


Haiti: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Haiti: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Haiti: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1926) Sub-national forest law: No

Haiti: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----2010


Haiti: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Haiti: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Haiti: Environment
    Environment - current issuesextensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes
    Natural hazardslies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts


    Haiti: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 28.3%
    permanent crops: 11.61%
    other: 60.09% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower


    Haiti: Economy
    Economy - overview:In this poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, 80% of the population lives in abject poverty, and natural disasters frequently sweep the nation. Two-thirds of all Haitians depend on the agriculture sector, which consists mainly of small-scale subsistence farming. Following legislative elections in May 2000, fraught with irregularities, international donors - including the US and EU - suspended almost all aid to Haiti. The economy grew 3.5% in 2005. Suspended aid and loan disbursements totaled more than $500 million at the start of 2003. Haiti suffers from rampant inflation, a lack of investment, and a severe trade deficit. Civil strife in 2004 combined with extensive damage from flooding in southern Haiti in May 2004 and Tropical Storm Jeanne in northwestern Haiti in September 2004 further impoverished Haiti. In early 2005 Haiti paid its arrears to the World Bank, paving the way to reengagement with the Bank. The resumption of aid flows from all donors is alleviating but not ending the nation's bitter economic problems.
    GDP - per capita$1,600 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscoffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 30%, industry: 20%, services: 50% (2001 est.)
    Industries sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
    Economic aid - recipient$150 million (FY04 est.)
    Debt - external$1.3 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)80% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 66%, industry 9%, services 25%


    Haiti: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)8,121,622
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)294.7
    Percent rural (2003)62.5%
    Median age (years)total: 18.03 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.02 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)black 95%, mulatto and white 5%


    Largest Cities in Haiti

    Cities and urban areas in Haiti with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    Port-au-PrinceHaiti10828001728100
    Cap-HaitienHaiti122700122700


    Haiti: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use130,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular140,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 4,160 km
    paved: 1,011 km
    unpaved: 3,149 km (1999)


    Haiti: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 52.92 years
    male: 51.58 years
    female: 54.31 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate73.45 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)5.6% (2003 est.)

    Haiti : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



    Tropical rainforest information

     World Rainforests
     Rainforest Structure
     Rainforest Biodiversity
     Canopy
     Forest Floor
     Rainforest Waters
     Indigenous People
     Deforestation
     Global Importance


     Rainforest Conservation
     Country Reports update soon
     References
     Deforestation Tables
     The Amazon Rainforest update soon
     The Congo Rainforest update soon
     Deforestation in Brazil
     Rainforest Images




    Google
      Web
    mongabay.com
    Mongabay Rainforests
    Mongabay News
    Mongabay Photos

  • what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

    "Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
    Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.