TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Iraq Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 1.9% or about 825,000 ha of Iraq is forested, according to FAO. Iraq had 15,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Iraq lost an average of 1,050 ha or 0.13% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Iraq gained 2.6% of its forest cover, or around 21,000 ha.

Iraq's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Iraq has some 608 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.5% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.9% are threatened. 0.0% of Iraq is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Iraq

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Iraq: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)43737
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)825
Percent Forest Cover2
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)259
Percent other wooded land1




Iraq: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)81098
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)152


Iraq: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
804818825825
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
110
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.170.170


Iraq: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
789803810810
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.200


Iraq: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Iraq: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
15151515
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Iraq: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
080200000


Iraq: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Iraq: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Iraq: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Iraq: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Iraq: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Iraq: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Iraq: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Iraq: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Iraq: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Iraq: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Iraq: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Iraq: Environment
    Environment - current issuesgovernment water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers; a once sizable population of Marsh Arabs, who inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced; furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations; inadequate supplies of potable water; development of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian Turkey; air and water pollution; soil degradation (salination) and erosion; desertification
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Law of the Sea
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
    Natural hazardsdust storms, sandstorms, floods


    Iraq: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 13.15%
    permanent crops: 0.78%
    other: 86.07% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur


    Iraq: Economy
    Economy - overview:Iraq's economy is dominated by the oil sector, which has traditionally provided about 95% of foreign exchange earnings. Iraq's seizure of Kuwait in August 1990, subsequent international economic sanctions, and damage from military action by an international coalition beginning in January 1991 drastically reduced economic activity. Although government policies supporting large military and internal security forces and allocating resources to key supporters of the regime hurt the economy, implementation of the UN's oil-for-food program beginning in December 1996 helped improve conditions for the average Iraqi citizen. Iraq was allowed to export limited amounts of oil in exchange for food, medicine, and some infrastructure spare parts. In December 1999, the UN Security Council authorized Iraq to export under the program as much oil as required to meet humanitarian needs. Per capita food imports increased significantly, while medical supplies and health care services steadily improved. Per capita output and living standards were still well below the pre-1991 level, but any estimates have a wide range of error. The military victory of the US-led coalition in March-April 2003 resulted in the shutdown of much of the central economic administrative structure. Although a comparatively small amount of capital plant was damaged during the hostilities, looting, insurgent attacks, and sabotage have undermined efforts to rebuild the economy. Attacks on key economic facilities - especially oil pipelines and infrastructure - have prevented Iraq from reaching projected export volumes, but total government revenues have been higher than anticipated due to high oil prices. Despite political uncertainty, Iraq has established the institutions needed to implement economic policy, has successfully concluded a three-stage debt reduction agreement with the Paris Club, and is working toward a Standby Arrangement with the IMF. The Standby Arrangement would clear the way for continued debt relief from the Paris Club.
    GDP - per capita$3,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 7.3%, industry: 66.6%, services: 26.1% (2004 est.)
    Industries petroleum, chemicals, textiles, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing
    Economic aid - recipientmore than $33 billion in foreign aid pledged for 2004-07 (2004)
    Debt - external$82.1 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA


    Iraq: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)26,074,906
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.70%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)60.3
    Percent rural (2003)32.8%
    Median age (years)total: 19.43 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.28 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%


    Largest Cities in Iraq

    Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BaghdadIraq49483006492200
    MosulIraq11392001139200
    IrbilIraq11004001100400
    BasrahIraq10309001030900
    SuleymaniyeIraq757300757300
    KirkukIraq712900712900
    al-NajafIraq549800549800
    KarbalaIraq536400536400
    NasirahIraq519500519500
    HillahIraq510300510300
    RumadiyaIraq407900407900
    DiwaniyahIraq407400407400
    al-KutIraq369500369500
    AmarahIraq333200333200
    SamarraIraq321600321600
    BaqubahIraq269000269000
    FallujahIraq232600232600
    ZubayrIraq158600158600
    TilafarIraq146700146700
    as-SamawahIraq121600121600


    Iraq: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use675,000; note - an unknown number of telephone lines were damaged or destroyed during the March-April 2003 war (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular20,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 45,550 km
    paved: 38,399 km
    unpaved: 7,151 km (1999)


    Iraq: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 68.7 years
    male: 67.49 years
    female: 69.97 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate50.25 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Iraq : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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