TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Ireland Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 10.7% or about 739,000 ha of Ireland is forested, according to FAO. Ireland had 657,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ireland lost an average of 13,700 ha or 2.95% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Ireland gained 58.9% of its forest cover, or around 274,000 ha.

Ireland's forests contain 23 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Ireland has some 481 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.5% are threatened. Ireland is home to at least 950 species of vascular plants. 1.1% of Ireland is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Ireland

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Ireland: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)6888
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)739
Percent Forest Cover11
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)50
Percent other wooded land1




Ireland: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)8211
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)65789


Ireland: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
465635695739
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
17129
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.161.821.24


Ireland: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
82828382
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


Ireland: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Ireland: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
383553612657
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
17129
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.742.051.43


Ireland: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
43011n.s.0046


Ireland: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
58420


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
990100
Ireland: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
74101631298
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Ireland: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
16182023
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
31
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.1
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
-0.5n.s.n.s.


Ireland: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
000n.s.n.s.n.s.


Ireland: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
161827102890100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
505725-


Ireland: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
163----


Ireland: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Ireland: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1996)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1996) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1946) Sub-national forest law: No

Ireland: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
76421014713552


Ireland: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-216205002707353521620123562


Ireland: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Ireland: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsNA


    Ireland: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 15.2%
    permanent crops: 0.03%
    other: 84.77% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnatural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite


    Ireland: Economy
    Economy - overview:Ireland is a small, modern, trade-dependent economy with growth averaging a robust 7% in 1995-2004. Agriculture, once the most important sector, is now dwarfed by industry and services. Industry accounts for 46% of GDP, about 80% of exports, and 29% of the labor force. Although exports remain the primary engine for Ireland's growth, the economy has also benefited from a rise in consumer spending, construction, and business investment. Per capita GDP is 10% above that of the four big European economies and the second highest in the EU behind Luxembourg. Over the past decade, the Irish Government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb price and wage inflation, reduce government spending, increase labor force skills, and promote foreign investment. Ireland joined in circulating the euro on 1 January 2002 along with 11 other EU nations.
    GDP - per capita$34,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4.9% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsturnips, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, wheat; beef, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 5%, industry: 46%, services: 49% (2002 est.)
    Industries steel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
    Population below poverty line (%)10% (1997 est.)
    Debt - external$1.049 trillion (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 8%, industry 29%, services 64% (2002 est.)


    Ireland: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,015,676
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.16%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)58.3
    Percent rural (2003)40.1%
    Median age (years)total: 33.7 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.87 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Celtic, English


    Largest Cities in Ireland

    Cities and urban areas in Ireland with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    DublinIreland993300993300
    CorkIreland187600187600


    Ireland: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1.955 million (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular3.4 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 95,736 km
    paved: 95,736 km (including 125 km of expressways) (2002)


    Ireland: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.56 years
    male: 74.95 years
    female: 80.34 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate5.39 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Ireland : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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