TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Jamaica Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 31.1% or about 337,000 ha of Jamaica is forested, according to FAO. Of this 26.1% ( 88,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Jamaica had 7,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Jamaica lost an average of 400 ha or 0.12% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Jamaica lost 2.3% of its forest cover, or around 8,000 ha.

Jamaica's forests contain 48 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Jamaica has some 406 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 21.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 10.3% are threatened. Jamaica is home to at least 3308 species of vascular plants, of which 27.9% are endemic. 0.0% of Jamaica is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Jamaica

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Jamaica: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)1083
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)337
Percent Forest Cover31
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)88
Primary Forest, % total forest26
Other wooded land (1000 ha)188
Percent other wooded land17




Jamaica: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)8826
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)24272
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)72


Jamaica: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
345341339337
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.11-0.10-0.12


Jamaica: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
336.00333.00331.00330.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00.000.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.09-0.09


Jamaica: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
89888888
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.07-0.07-0.07


Jamaica: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9887
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.0n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.820-2.30


Jamaica: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
242106066


Jamaica: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
28657


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Jamaica: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
52154n.s.512
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
24129


Jamaica: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
48484848
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
141
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Jamaica: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
000n.s.n.s.n.s.


Jamaica: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-1491
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Jamaica: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.----


Jamaica: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
411
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
411
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Jamaica: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2001)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2001) Under revision
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1996) Sub-national forest law: No

Jamaica: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
141351553115634


Jamaica: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
231939031019690


Jamaica: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Jamaica: Environment
    Environment - current issuesheavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshurricanes (especially July to November)


    Jamaica: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 16.07%
    permanent crops: 10.16%
    other: 73.77% (2001)
    Natural resourcesbauxite, gypsum, limestone


    Jamaica: Economy
    Economy - overview:The Jamaican economy is heavily dependent on services, which now account for 60% of GDP. The country continues to derive most of its foreign exchange from tourism, remittances, and bauxite/alumina. The global economic slowdown, particularly after the terrorist attacks in the US on 11 September 2001, stunted economic growth; the economy rebounded moderately in 2003-04, with brisk tourist seasons. But the economy faces serious long-term problems: high interest rates; increased foreign competition; a pressured, sometimes sliding, exchange rate; a sizable merchandise trade deficit; large-scale unemployment; and a growing internal debt, the result of government bailouts to ailing sectors of the economy. The ratio of debt to GDP is more than 125%. Inflation, previously a bright spot, is expected to remain in the double digits. Uncertain economic conditions have led to increased civil unrest, including gang violence fueled by the drug trade. In 2004, the government faced the difficult prospect of having to achieve fiscal discipline in order to maintain debt payments while simultaneously attacking a serious and growing crime problem which is hampering economic growth. Attempts at deficit control were derailed by Hurricane Ivan in September 2004, which required substantial government spending to repair the damage. Despite the hurricane, tourism looks set to enjoy solid growth for the foreseeable future.
    GDP - per capita$4,300 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, yams, vegetables, poultry, goats, milk, crustaceans, and mollusks
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 4.9%, industry: 33.8%, services: 61.3% (2005 est.)
    Industries tourism, bauxite/alumina, textiles, agro processing, wearing apparel, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications
    Economic aid - recipient$16 million (2003)
    Debt - external$6.792 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)19.7% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 20.1%, industry 16.6%, services 63.4% (2003)


    Jamaica: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)2,731,832
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.71%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)252.2
    Percent rural (2003)47.9%
    Median age (years)total: 27.25 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.95 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)black 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%


    Largest Cities in Jamaica

    Cities and urban areas in Jamaica with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    KingstonJamaica583900925000


    Jamaica: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use444,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1.4 million (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 18,700 km
    paved: 13,909 km
    unpaved: 5,610 km (1999)


    Jamaica: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 73.33 years
    male: 71.63 years
    female: 75.12 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate12.36 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.2% (2003 est.)

    Jamaica : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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