TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Japan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 68.5% or about 24,979,000 ha of Japan is forested, according to FAO. Of this 19.0% ( 4,747,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Japan had 10,326,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Japan lost an average of 1,450 ha or 0.01% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Japan gained 0.1% of its forest cover, or around 29,000 ha.

Japan's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Japan has some 919 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 19.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 13.2% are threatened. Japan is home to at least 5565 species of vascular plants, of which 35.9% are endemic. 8.4% of Japan is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Japan

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










 Home
 What's New
 About
 Rainforests
   Mission
   Introduction
   Characteristics
   Biodiversity
   The Canopy
   Forest Floor
   Forest Waters
   Indigenous People
   Deforestation
   Consequences
   Saving Rainforests
   Amazon
   Borneo
   Congo
   New Guinea
   Sulawesi
   REDD
   Country Profiles
   Statistics
   Works Cited
   For Kids
   For Teachers
   Photos/Images
   Expert Interviews
   Rainforest News
  Forest data
   Global deforestation
   Tropical deforestation
   By country
   Deforestation charts
   Regional forest data
   Deforestation drivers
 XML Feeds
 Pictures
 Books
 Education
 Newsletter
 Contact






Japan: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)36450
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)24979
Percent Forest Cover69
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)4747
Primary Forest, % total forest19
Other wooded land (1000 ha)0
Percent other wooded land0




Japan: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)474719
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)990640
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1032641


Japan: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
24950248762493524979
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-7129
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.030.050.04


Japan: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14663145451461114653
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-12-1211
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.080.07


Japan: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3764405444494747
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
297960
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.741.881.31


Japan: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
10287103311032410326
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4-1n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.04-0.01n.s.


Japan: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
1770013000


Japan: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
41590


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
98--


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
8600140
Japan: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Japan: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
115913811526-
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
2229-
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
0.91.1-


Japan: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
n.s.161926n.s.


Japan: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
307651860117803100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
365242160100


Japan: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
1998-202--


Japan: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
1086747
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Japan: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2001)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1951) Sub-national forest law: No

Japan: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
26227-20994-19533-


Japan: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
262393------


Japan: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Japan: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    Natural hazardsmany dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons


    Japan: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 12.19%
    permanent crops: 0.96%
    other: 86.85% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnegligible mineral resources, fish


    Japan: Economy
    Economy - overview:Government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of GDP) helped Japan advance with extraordinary rapidity to the rank of third largest economy in the world after the US and China, measured on a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis. Japan is the second largest economy, measured on an exchange rate basis. One notable characteristic of the economy is the working together of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors in closely-knit groups called keiretsu. A second basic feature has been the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force. Both features are now eroding. Japan's industrial sector is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and fuels. The tiny agricultural sector is highly subsidized and protected, with crop yields among the highest in the world. Usually self sufficient in rice, Japan must import about 50% of its requirements of other grain and fodder crops. Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch. For three decades, overall real economic growth had been spectacular: a 10% average in the 1960s, a 5% average in the 1970s, and a 4% average in the 1980s. Growth slowed markedly in the 1990s, averaging just 1.7%, largely because of the after effects of overinvestment during the late 1980s and contractionary domestic policies intended to wring speculative excesses from the stock and real estate markets and to force a restructuring of the economy. From 2000 to 2003, government efforts to revive economic growth met with little success and were further hampered by the slowing of the US, European, and Asian economies. In 2004 and 2005, growth improved and the lingering fears of deflation in prices and economic activity lessened. Japan's huge government debt, which totals 170% of GDP, and the aging of the population are two major long-run problems. A rise in taxes could be viewed as endangering the revival of growth. Internal conflict over the proper way to reform the financial system will continue as Japan Post's banking, insurance, and delivery services undergo privatization between 2007 and 2017.
    GDP - per capita$30,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.1% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsrice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit, pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs, fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1.3%, industry: 25.3%, services: 73.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$1.545 trillion (31 December 2004)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 4.6%, industry 27.8%, services 67.7% (2004)


    Japan: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)127,417,244
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.05%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)340.0
    Percent rural (2003)34.6%
    Median age (years)total: 42.64 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.39 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Japanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914)


    Largest Cities in Japan

    Cities and urban areas in Japan with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TokyoJapan802750031036900
    YokohamaJapan35523003552300
    OsakaJapan264700017592400
    NagoyaJapan22580008595400
    SapporoJapan17797002249900
    KyotoJapan14925001492500
    KobeJapan14674001467400
    FukuokaJapan13342004186300
    KawasakiJapan12920001292000
    HiroshimaJapan11311001639100
    KitakyushuJapan10588001058800
    SendaiJapan10154001312900
    ChibaJapan932800932800
    SakaiJapan816700816700
    KumamotoJapan658600658600
    OkayamaJapan6279001270100
    SagamiharaJapan612900612900
    FunabashiJapan588800588800
    HamamatsuJapan5805001093000
    KagoshimaJapan546500546500
    HigashiosakaJapan526100526100
    HachiojiJapan507100507100
    AmagasakiJapan503600503600
    MatsudoJapan502400502400
    NiigataJapan499200499200
    UrawaJapan497600497600
    KawaguchiJapan492700492700
    ShizuokaJapan4900001211600
    HimejiJapan485400485400
    IchikawaJapan479600479600
    OmiyaJapan476100476100
    KanazawaJapan465400465400
    YokosukaJapan464200464200
    MatsuyamaJapan461700461700
    UtsunomiyaJapan454400454400
    NagasakiJapan431900431900
    OitaJapan428100428100
    WakayamaJapan393300494400
    FukuyamaJapan382000382000
    ToyohashiJapan370300572400
    NaganoJapan369000369000
    AsahikawaJapan365200365200
    IwakiJapan364900364900
    TakamatsuJapan336300336300
    KoriyamaJapan330800330800
    ToyamaJapan329900329900
    NahaJapan321500321500
    KochiJapan320500320500
    AkitaJapan306500306500
    MiyazakiJapan304100304100
    HakodateJapan302700302700
    MaebashiJapan294900294900
    AomoriJapan294100294100
    FukushimaJapan289200289200
    MoriokaJapan286300286300
    TokushimaJapan269400269400
    MitoJapan260400260400
    FukuiJapan259700259700
    YamagataJapan253900253900
    TakasakiJapan246600246600
    KurumeJapan243400243400
    HachinoheJapan242600242600
    SaseboJapan241100241100
    FujiJapan236900236900
    NumazuJapan219400437600
    OdawaraJapan214900214900
    KureJapan213700213700
    MatsumotoJapan211500211500
    HitachiJapan210600210600
    KofuJapan207500207500
    KushiroJapan201900201900
    NagaokaJapan192200192200
    SuzukaJapan186100186100
    HirosakiJapan177900177900
    TakaokaJapan176000176000
    ObihiroJapan173900173900
    UbeJapan173500173500
    AshikagaJapan173100173100
    SagaJapan172400172400
    TomakomaiJapan171500171500
    TsuJapan168900168900
    OyamaJapan156700156700
    KatsutaJapan152000152000
    OmutaJapan150700150700


    Japan: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use71.149 million (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular86,658,600 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 1,177,278 km
    paved: 914,745 km (including 6,946 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 262,533 km (2002)


    Japan: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 81.15 years
    male: 77.86 years
    female: 84.61 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate3.26 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

    Japan : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



    Tropical rainforest information

     World Rainforests
     Rainforest Structure
     Rainforest Biodiversity
     Canopy
     Forest Floor
     Rainforest Waters
     Indigenous People
     Deforestation
     Global Importance


     Rainforest Conservation
     Country Reports update soon
     References
     Deforestation Tables
     The Amazon Rainforest update soon
     The Congo Rainforest update soon
     Deforestation in Brazil
     Rainforest Images




    Google
      Web
    mongabay.com
    Mongabay Rainforests
    Mongabay News
    Mongabay Photos

  • what's new | rainforests home | help support the site | madagascar | search | about | contact

    Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2006

    "Rainforest" is used interchangeably with "rain forest" on this site.
    Same for "rainforests" and "rain forests". "Jungle" is generally not used.