TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Kyrgyzstan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 5.0% or about 954,000 ha of Kyrgyzstan is forested, according to FAO. Of this 28.2% ( 269,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Kyrgyzstan had 57,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Kyrgyzstan lost an average of 5,900 ha or 0.71% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Kyrgyzstan gained 14.1% of its forest cover, or around 118,000 ha.

Kyrgyzstan's forests contain 56 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Kyrgyzstan has some 302 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.0% are threatened. Kyrgyzstan is home to at least 4500 species of vascular plants. 3.1% of Kyrgyzstan is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Kyrgyzstan

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Kyrgyzstan: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)19180
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)954
Percent Forest Cover5
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)269
Primary Forest, % total forest28
Other wooded land (1000 ha)390
Percent other wooded land2




Kyrgyzstan: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)26928
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)62866
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)576


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
836858869954
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2217
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.260.261.87


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
790799803897
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1110
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.10.111.23


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
237240241269
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.6
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.100.112.23


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
46596657
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
11-2
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
2.682.23-3.05


Kyrgyzstan: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
075911500


Kyrgyzstan: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
990010
Kyrgyzstan: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
454732130
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
27343756
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
59
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
114
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
0.70.73.2


Kyrgyzstan: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
291--303


Kyrgyzstan: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
7139100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-3216100


Kyrgyzstan: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.n.s.---


Kyrgyzstan: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-53
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
343
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.


Kyrgyzstan: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2004)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2005) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1999) Sub-national forest law: No

Kyrgyzstan: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----187712


Kyrgyzstan: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1005520---520-


Kyrgyzstan: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Kyrgyzstan: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsNA


    Kyrgyzstan: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 7.3%
    permanent crops: 0.35%
    other: 92.35%
    note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest (2001)
    Natural resourcesabundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc


    Kyrgyzstan: Economy
    Economy - overview:Kyrgyzstan is a poor, mountainous country with a predominantly agricultural economy. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, and natural gas and electricity. Kyrgyzstan has been fairly progressive in carrying out market reforms, such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first CIS country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. Much of the government's stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995 production began to recover and exports began to increase. Kyrgyzstan has distinguished itself by adopting relatively liberal economic policies. The drop in output at the Kumtor gold mine sparked a 0.5% decline in GDP in 2002, but GDP growth bounced back to nearly 6% in 2003-05. The government has made steady strides in controlling its substantial fiscal deficit and reduced the deficit to 1% of GDP in 2005. The government and the international financial institutions have been engaged in a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy, and in 2005 agreed to pursue much-needed tax reform. Progress fighting corruption, further restructuring of domestic industry, and success in attracting foreign investment are keys to future growth.
    GDP - per capita$1,800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productstobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries; sheep, goats, cattle, wool
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 37.1%, industry: 21.9%, services: 41% (2005 est.)
    Industries small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
    Economic aid - recipient$50 million from the US (2001)
    Debt - external$2.428 billion (31 December 2004 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 55%, industry 15%, services 30% (2000 est.)


    Kyrgyzstan: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,146,281
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.29%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)26.9
    Percent rural (2003)66.1%
    Median age (years)total: 23.39 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.7 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Kyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)


    Largest Cities in Kyrgyzstan

    Cities and urban areas in Kyrgyzstan with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BishkekKyrgyzstan808900808900
    OshKyrgyzstan221300221300


    Kyrgyzstan: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use394,800 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular53,100 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 18,500 km
    paved: 16,854 km
    unpaved: 1,646 km (1999)


    Kyrgyzstan: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 68.16 years
    male: 64.16 years
    female: 72.38 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate35.64 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Kyrgyzstan : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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