TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Laos Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 40% of Laos is forested according to a 2011 assessment by the country's Department of Forestry, significantly lower than the 68% or 15.75 million ha estimated by the FAO in 2010. Of the FAO's estimate, 9% or 1.49 million hectares is classified as primary forest.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Lao People's Dem Rep is home to at least 8286 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Lao People's Dem Rep is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)211818
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)2,6252,3592,294
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)699626608
Total forest carbon (Mt C)3,3252,9852,902
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)159164165
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

Lao P.D.R. Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Laos

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Laos: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)23080
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)15751
Percent Forest Cover68
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)1490
Primary Forest, % total forest9
Other wooded land (1000 ha)4834
Percent other wooded land21




Laos: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)14909
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1403789
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2241


Laos: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
17314165321614215751
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-78-78-78
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.46-0.48-0.49


Laos: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
17311.016433.015918.015527.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-88-88.0-91.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.5-0.5-0.6


Laos: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1490149014901490
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Laos: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
399224224
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
10250
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
41.8617.740.0


Laos: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
235819n.s.000


Laos: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
10000


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Laos: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
92959---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
347


Laos: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
1186113311061074
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
68
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-5-5-6
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Laos: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Laos: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
477682292-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
648867426825-


Laos: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
18-5--


Laos: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Laos: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1991)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2005) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2006) Sub-national forest law: -

Laos: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Laos: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Laos: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Laos: Environment
    Environment - current issuesunexploded ordnance; deforestation; soil erosion; most of the population does not have access to potable water
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsfloods, droughts


    Laos: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.8%
    permanent crops: 0.35%
    other: 95.85% (2001)
    Natural resourcestimber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones


    Laos: Economy
    Economy - overview:The government of Laos, one of the few remaining official Communist states, began decentralizing control and encouraging private enterprise in 1986. The results, starting from an extremely low base, were striking - growth averaged 6% in 1988-2004 except during the short-lived drop caused by the Asian financial crisis beginning in 1997. Despite this high growth rate, Laos remains a country with a primitive infrastructure. It has no railroads, a rudimentary road system, and limited external and internal telecommunications, though the government is sponsoring major improvements in the road system with possible support from Japan. Electricity is available in only a few urban areas. Subsistence agriculture, dominated by rice, accounts for half of GDP and provides 80% of total employment. The economy will continue to benefit from aid from the IMF and other international sources and from new foreign investment in food processing and mining. Construction will be another strong economic driver, especially as hydroelectric dam and road projects gain steam. In late 2004, Laos gained Normal Trade Relations status with the US, allowing Laos-based producers to face lower tariffs on exports. This may help spur growth. In addition, the European Union has agreed to provide $1 million to the Lao government for technical assistance in preparations for WTO membership. If the avian flu worsens and spreads in the region, however, prospects for tourism could dim.
    GDP - per capita$1,900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)7.2% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productssweet potatoes, vegetables, corn, coffee, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, tea, peanuts, rice, water buffalo, pigs, cattle, poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 48.6%, industry: 25.9%, services: 25.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries copper, tin, and gypsum mining, timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, tourism, cement
    Economic aid - recipient$243 million (2001 est.)
    Debt - external$2.49 billion (2001)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2002 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 80% (1997 est.)


    Laos: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)6,217,141
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.42%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)26.9
    Median age (years)total: 18.74 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)4.77 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Lao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong and the Yao 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%


    Largest Cities in Laos

    Cities and urban areas in Laos with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    VientianeLaos651200651200
    SavannakhetLaos159400159400
    Luang PrabangLaos119800119800


    Laos: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use61,900 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular55,200 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 32,620 km
    paved: 4,590 km
    unpaved: 28,030 km (2002)


    Laos: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 55.08 years
    male: 53.07 years
    female: 57.17 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate85.22 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2003 est.)

    Laos : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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