TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Latvia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 53.8% or about 3,354,000 ha of Latvia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 0.4% ( 15,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Latvia had 628,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Latvia lost an average of 9,050 ha or 0.29% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Latvia gained 5.7% of its forest cover, or around 181,000 ha.

Latvia's forests contain 272 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Latvia has some 413 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.9% are threatened. Latvia is home to at least 1153 species of vascular plants. 12.7% of Latvia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Latvia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Latvia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)6229
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)3354
Percent Forest Cover54
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)15
Primary Forest, % total forestn.s.
Other wooded land (1000 ha)113
Percent other wooded land2




Latvia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)15n.s.
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)271181
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)62819


Latvia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
3173324132973354
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
71111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.210.340.34


Latvia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2449253226062726
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
8819
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.30.340.77


Latvia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
17171615
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0-1.21-1.28


Latvia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
724709691628
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2-4-13
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.21-0.51-1.89


Latvia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
794152000


Latvia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
5446n.s.


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
90100


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Latvia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
633189335298100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
217


Latvia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
193234244272
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
81
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
425
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
1.1n.s.1.4


Latvia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
n.s.n.s.n.s.55n.s.


Latvia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
27811228813129100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
21652194323078


Latvia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Latvia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--35
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
151935
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--n.s.


Latvia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1998)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2000) Sub-national forest law: No

Latvia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
168827170537159837


Latvia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Latvia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Latvia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesLatvia's environment has benefited from a shift to service industries after the country regained independence; the main environmental priorities are improvement of drinking water quality and sewage system, household, and hazardous waste management, as well as reduction of air pollution; in 2001, Latvia closed the EU accession negotiation chapter on environment committing to full enforcement of EU environmental directives by 2010
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsNA


    Latvia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 29.67%
    permanent crops: 0.47%
    other: 69.86% (2001)
    Natural resourcespeat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, wood, arable land


    Latvia: Economy
    Economy - overview:Latvia's transitional economy recovered from the 1998 Russian financial crisis, largely due to the government's budget stringency and a gradual reorientation of exports toward EU countries, lessening Latvia's trade dependency on Russia. The majority of companies, banks, and real estate have been privatized, although the state still holds sizable stakes in a few large enterprises. Latvia officially joined the World Trade Organization in February 1999. EU membership, a top foreign policy goal, came in May 2004. The current account and internal government deficits remain major concerns, but the government's efforts to increase efficiency in revenue collection may lessen the budget deficit. A growing perception that many of Latvia's banks facilitate illicit activity could damage the country's vibrant financial sector.
    GDP - per capita$12,800 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)7.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 4.1%, industry: 26%, services: 69.9% (2005 est.)
    Industries buses, vans, street and railroad cars, synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials
    Economic aid - recipient$96.2 million (1995)
    Debt - external$13.2 billion (30 June 2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 15%, industry 25%, services 60% (2000 est.)


    Latvia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)2,290,237
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.69%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)36.0
    Percent rural (2003)33.8%
    Median age (years)total: 39.12 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.26 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Latvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2% (2002)


    Largest Cities in Latvia

    Cities and urban areas in Latvia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    RigaLatvia725200878400
    DaugavpilsLatvia112600112600


    Latvia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use653,900 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular1,219,600 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 69,919 km
    paved: 69,919 km (2003)


    Latvia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 71.05 years
    male: 65.78 years
    female: 76.6 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate9.55 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.6% (2001 est.)

    Latvia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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