TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Lebanon Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 13.4% or about 137,000 ha of Lebanon is forested, according to FAO. Lebanon had 11,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Lebanon lost an average of 300 ha or 0.23% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Lebanon gained 4.6% of its forest cover, or around 6,000 ha.

Lebanon's forests contain 2 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Lebanon has some 494 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.6% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.2% are threatened. Lebanon is home to at least 3000 species of vascular plants. 0.3% of Lebanon is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Lebanon

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Lebanon: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)1023
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)137
Percent Forest Cover13
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)106
Percent other wooded land10




Lebanon: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)12692
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)118


Lebanon: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
131131137137
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
01n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00.830.06


Lebanon: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
131131127126
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00-1
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00-0.38


Lebanon: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
--00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Lebanon: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
--1011
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--0.78


Lebanon: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
625306600


Lebanon: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
27721


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
493616


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Lebanon: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
5374129
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
15


Lebanon: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
--22
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
13
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
--n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
--n.s.


Lebanon: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
2100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
110243


Lebanon: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
000-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
--1870


Lebanon: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
05---


Lebanon: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--7
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--2
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--5


Lebanon: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1949) Sub-national forest law: No

Lebanon: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--21092368


Lebanon: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
100428565282741103255971559


Lebanon: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Lebanon: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsdust storms, sandstorms


    Lebanon: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 16.62%
    permanent crops: 13.98%
    other: 69.4% (2001)
    Natural resourceslimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land


    Lebanon: Economy
    Economy - overview:The 1975-91 civil war seriously damaged Lebanon's economic infrastructure, cut national output by half, and all but ended Lebanon's position as a Middle Eastern entrepot and banking hub. In the years since, Lebanon has rebuilt much of its war-torn physical and financial infrastructure by borrowing heavily - mostly from domestic banks. In an attempt to reduce the ballooning national debt, the HARIRI government began an austerity program, reining in government expenditures, increasing revenue collection, and privatizing state enterprises. In November 2002, the government met with international donors at the Paris II conference to seek bilateral assistance in restructuring its massive domestic debt at lower rates of interest. Substantial receipts from donor nations stabilized government finances in 2003, but did little to reduce the debt, which stands at nearly 200% of GDP. In 2004 the HARIRI government issued Eurobonds in an effort to manage maturing debt, and the KARAMI government has continued this practice. The downturn in economic activity that followed the assassination of Rafiq al-HARIRI has eased, but has yet to be reversed. Tourism remains below the level of 2004. The new Prime Minister, Fuad SINIORA, has pledged to push ahead with economic reform, including privatization and more efficient government.
    GDP - per capita$5,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)0.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscitrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 12%, industry: 21%, services: 67% (2000)
    Industries banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
    Economic aid - recipient$2.2 billion received (2003), out of the $4.2 billion in soft loans pledged at the November 2002 Paris II Aid Conference
    Debt - external$25.92 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)28% (1999 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA


    Lebanon: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,826,018
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)374.0
    Percent rural (2003)12.5%
    Median age (years)total: 27.34 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.92 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%


    Largest Cities in Lebanon

    Cities and urban areas in Lebanon with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BeirutLebanon11478001878200
    TripoliLebanon208700208700
    SaydaLebanon146100146100
    SurLebanon114800114800


    Lebanon: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use678,800 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular775,100 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 7,300 km
    paved: 6,198 km
    unpaved: 1,102 km (1999)


    Lebanon: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 72.63 years
    male: 70.17 years
    female: 75.21 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate24.52 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Lebanon : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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