TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Libya Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.1% or about 217,000 ha of Libya is forested, according to FAO. Libya had 217,000 ha of planted forest. Libya's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya has some 486 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 1.2% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 3.1% are threatened. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is home to at least 1825 species of vascular plants, of which 7.3% are endemic. 0.1% of Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Libya

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Libya: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)175954
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)217
Percent Forest Covern.s.
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)330
Percent other wooded landn.s.




Libya: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)217100


Libya: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
217217217217
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Libya: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010


Libya: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Libya: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
217217217217
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Libya: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
010000000


Libya: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Libya: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
836--0
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
413


Libya: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
6666
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
28
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


Libya: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Libya: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
122133133-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
616616787-


Libya: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Libya: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Libya: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Libya: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Libya: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Libya: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Libya: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdesertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms


    Libya: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 1.03%
    permanent crops: 0.19%
    other: 98.78% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, gypsum


    Libya: Economy
    Economy - overview:The Libyan economy depends primarily upon revenues from the oil sector, which contribute practically all export earnings and about one-quarter of GDP. These oil revenues and a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, but little of this income flows down to the lower orders of society. Libyan officials in the past four years have made progress on economic reforms as part of a broader campaign to reintegrate the country into the international fold. This effort picked up steam after UN sanctions were lifted in September 2003 and as Libya announced in December 2003 that it would abandon programs to build weapons of mass destruction. Almost all US unilateral sanctions against Libya were removed in April 2004, helping Libya attract more foreign direct investment. Libya faces a long road ahead in liberalizing the socialist-oriented economy, but initial steps - including applying for WTO membership, reducing some subsidies, and announcing plans for privatization - are laying the groundwork for a transition to a more market-based economy. The non-oil manufacturing and construction sectors, which account for about 20% of GDP, have expanded from processing mostly agricultural products to include the production of petrochemicals, iron, steel, and aluminum. Climatic conditions and poor soils severely limit agricultural output, and Libya imports about 75% of its food.
    GDP - per capita$8,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)8.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 7.6%, industry: 49.9%, services: 42.5% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
    Economic aid - recipient$4.4 million ODA (2002)
    Debt - external$4.267 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 17%, industry 29%, services 54% (1997 est.)


    Libya: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)5,765,563
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.33%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)3.3
    Median age (years)total: 22.68 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)3.34 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Berber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians


    Largest Cities in Libya

    Cities and urban areas in Libya with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    TripoliLibya18906002271800
    BenghaziLibya7285001080500
    HomsLibya187900187900
    MisratahLibya184400184400
    ZawiyahLibya181700181700
    BarqaLibya158300158300
    ZlitanLibya156600156600
    GaryanLibya148800148800
    TobrukLibya146800146800
    YafranLibya134700134700
    al-BaydaLibya130900130900
    TarhunaLibya125300125300
    DarnahLibya121200121200


    Libya: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use750,000 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular100,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 83,200 km
    paved: 47,590 km
    unpaved: 35,610 km (1999)


    Libya: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 76.5 years
    male: 74.29 years
    female: 78.82 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate24.6 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.3% (2001 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: may be a significant risk in some locations during the transmission season (typically April through October) (2004)

    Libya : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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