TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Liechtenstein Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 43.8% or about 7,000 ha of Liechtenstein is forested, according to FAO. Liechtenstein's forests contain 1 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Liechtenstein has some 310 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.0% are threatened. Liechtenstein is home to at least 1410 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Liechtenstein is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Liechtenstein

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Liechtenstein: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)16
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)7
Percent Forest Cover43
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)2
Primary Forest, % total forest22
Other wooded land (1000 ha)1
Percent other wooded land3




Liechtenstein: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)222
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)574
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)n.s.4


Liechtenstein: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7777
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.6000


Liechtenstein: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7.07.07.07.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
00.00.0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.00.00.0


Liechtenstein: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2222
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Liechtenstein: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.140.00.0


Liechtenstein: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
3240208000


Liechtenstein: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9370


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Liechtenstein: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
2254---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Liechtenstein: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
n.s.111
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
74
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.00
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.00


Liechtenstein: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
0-


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Liechtenstein: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
161621-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
555-


Liechtenstein: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Liechtenstein: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Liechtenstein: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Liechtenstein: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Liechtenstein: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Liechtenstein: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Liechtenstein: Environment
    Environment - current issuesNA
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsNA


    Liechtenstein: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 25%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 75% (2001)
    Natural resourceshydroelectric potential, arable land


    Liechtenstein: Economy
    Economy - overview:Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous, highly industrialized, free-enterprise economy with a vital financial service sector and living standards on a par with its large European neighbors. The Liechtenstein economy is widely diversified with a large number of small businesses. Low business taxes - the maximum tax rate is 20% - and easy incorporation rules have induced many holding or so-called letter box companies to establish nominal offices in Liechtenstein, providing 30% of state revenues. The country participates in a customs union with Switzerland and uses the Swiss franc as its national currency. It imports more than 90% of its energy requirements. Liechtenstein has been a member of the European Economic Area (an organization serving as a bridge between the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and the EU) since May 1995. The government is working to harmonize its economic policies with those of an integrated Europe.
    GDP - per capita$25,000 (1999 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)11% (1999 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, corn, potatoes; livestock, dairy products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: NA%, industry: 40%, services: NA% (1999)
    Industries electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
    Economic aid - recipientnone
    Debt - external$0 (2001)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 1.3%, industry 47.4%, services 51.3% (31 December 2001 est.)


    Liechtenstein: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)33,717
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.82%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)210.7
    Percent rural (2003)78.4%
    Median age (years)total: 39.22 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.51 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Alemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> Liechtenstein: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use19,900 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular11,400 (2002)
    Roadways (km)


    Liechtenstein: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 79.55 years
    male: 75.96 years
    female: 83.16 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

    Liechtenstein : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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