TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Lithuania Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 34.5% or about 2,160,000 ha of Lithuania is forested, according to FAO. Of this 1.2% ( 26,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Lithuania had 521,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Lithuania lost an average of 10,750 ha or 0.55% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Lithuania gained 11.1% of its forest cover, or around 215,000 ha.

Lithuania's forests contain 153 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Lithuania has some 316 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.8% are threatened. Lithuania is home to at least 1796 species of vascular plants. 9.2% of Lithuania is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Lithuania

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Lithuania: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)6268
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)2160
Percent Forest Cover34
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)26
Primary Forest, % total forest1
Other wooded land (1000 ha)80
Percent other wooded land1




Lithuania: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)261
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)161375
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)52124


Lithuania: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1945202021212160
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
8208
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.380.980.37


Lithuania: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1534155916301639
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
338
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.20.160.51


Lithuania: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
20212626
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.10
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.494.360


Lithuania: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
411461491521
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
566
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.151.271.19


Lithuania: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
711093800


Lithuania: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
66340


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
100n.s.0


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Lithuania: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
470218274196100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
230


Lithuania: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
134146151153
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
71
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
11n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Lithuania: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
292312381025


Lithuania: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
277946655446100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
87215061452100


Lithuania: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
2062219247n.s.


Lithuania: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--10
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
151410
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
--n.s.


Lithuania: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2002)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1996) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1994) Sub-national forest law: No

Lithuania: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
--1404115547


Lithuania: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
3222246147200461472


Lithuania: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Lithuania: Environment
    Environment - current issuescontamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
    Natural hazardsNA


    Lithuania: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 45.22%
    permanent crops: 0.91%
    other: 53.87% (2001)
    Natural resourcespeat, arable land


    Lithuania: Economy
    Economy - overview:Lithuania, the Baltic state that has conducted the most trade with Russia, has slowly rebounded from the 1998 Russian financial crisis. Unemployment dropped from 11% in 2003 to 5.3% in 2005. Growing domestic consumption and increased investment have furthered recovery. Trade has been increasingly oriented toward the West. Lithuania has gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities, particularly in the energy sector, is nearing completion. Overall, more than 80% of enterprises have been privatized. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.
    GDP - per capita$13,700 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)6.4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsgrain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 5.7%, industry: 32.4%, services: 62% (2005 est.)
    Industries metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber
    Economic aid - recipient$228.5 million (1995)
    Debt - external$10.47 billion (31 December 2004 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 20%, industry 30%, services 50% (1997 est.)


    Lithuania: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,596,617
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)-0.30%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)55.2
    Percent rural (2003)33.3%
    Median age (years)total: 37.83 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.19 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Lithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in Lithuania

    Cities and urban areas in Lithuania with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    VilniusLithuania555500555500
    KaunasLithuania381800381800
    KlaipedaLithuania194600194600
    SiauliaiLithuania135900135900
    PanevezysLithuania122400122400


    Lithuania: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use824,200 (2003)
    Telephones - mobile cellular2,169,900 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 78,893 km
    paved: 21,617 km (including 417 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 57,276 km (2003)


    Lithuania: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 73.97 years
    male: 68.94 years
    female: 79.28 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate6.89 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Lithuania : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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