TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Macedonia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 39.2% or about 998,000 ha of Macedonia is forested, according to FAO. Macedonia had 105,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Macedonia lost an average of 4,300 ha or 0.47% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Macedonia gained 9.4% of its forest cover, or around 86,000 ha.

Macedonia's forests contain 60 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Macedonia, FYR has some 414 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 4.8% are threatened. Macedonia, FYR is home to at least 3500 species of vascular plants. 7.1% of Macedonia, FYR is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Macedonia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Macedonia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)2543
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)998
Percent Forest Cover39
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)143
Percent other wooded land6




Macedonia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)89389
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)10511


Macedonia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
912958975998
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
535
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.490.350.47


Macedonia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
807853870893
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
554
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.610


Macedonia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Macedonia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
105105105105
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Macedonia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
810000019


Macedonia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
90100


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Macedonia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
7677869100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Macedonia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
60626060
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
61
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.0
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.-0.6n.s.


Macedonia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
4100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
443----


Macedonia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-129132-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
-520480-


Macedonia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
919---


Macedonia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
433
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
433
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Macedonia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2006)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2006) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2009) Sub-national forest law: -

Macedonia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
150-15371598


Macedonia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
41336------


Macedonia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Macedonia: Environment
    Environment - current issuesair pollution from metallurgical plants
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshigh seismic risks


    Macedonia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 22.26%
    permanent crops: 1.81%
    other: 75.93% (2001)
    Natural resourceslow-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land


    Macedonia: Economy
    Economy - overview:At independence in September 1991, Macedonia was the least developed of the Yugoslav republics, producing a mere 5% of the total federal output of goods and services. The collapse of Yugoslavia ended transfer payments from the center and eliminated advantages from inclusion in a de facto free trade area. An absence of infrastructure, UN sanctions on the down-sized Yugoslavia, one of its largest markets, and a Greek economic embargo over a dispute about the country's constitutional name and flag hindered economic growth until 1996. GDP subsequently rose each year through 2000. However, the leadership's commitment to economic reform, free trade, and regional integration was undermined by the ethnic Albanian insurgency of 2001. The economy shrank 4.5% because of decreased trade, intermittent border closures, increased deficit spending on security needs, and investor uncertainty. Growth barely recovered in 2002 to 0.9%, then rose by 3.4% in 2003, 2.9% in 2004, and about 4% in 2005. Macedonia has lagged the region in attracting foreign investment and job growth has been anemic. Macedonia has an extensive grey market, estimated to be more than 20 percent of GDP, that falls outside official statistics.
    GDP - per capita$7,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)4% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, grapes, rice, tobacco, corn, millet, cotton, sesame, mulberry leaves, citrus, vegetables; beef, pork, poultry, mutton
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 11.7%, industry: 32.1%, services: 56.2% (2005 est.)
    Industries coal, metallic chromium, lead, zinc, ferronickel, textiles, wood products, tobacco, food processing, buses, steel
    Economic aid - recipient$250 million (2003 est.)
    Debt - external$2.207 billion (2005 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)30.2% (2003 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%


    Macedonia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)2,045,262
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.26%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)82.3
    Median age (years)total: 32.8 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.57 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)


    Largest Cities in Macedonia

    Cities and urban areas in Macedonia with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    SkopjeMacedonia448600582200


    Macedonia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use560,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular830,000 (2005)
    Roadways (km)total: 8,684 km
    paved: 5,540 km
    unpaved: 3,144 km (1999)


    Macedonia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 73.73 years
    male: 71.28 years
    female: 76.37 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate10.09 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)less than 0.1% (2001 est.)

    Macedonia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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