TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Mali Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 10.2% or about 12,490,000 ha of Mali is forested, according to FAO. Mali had 530,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Mali lost an average of 79,100 ha or 0.56% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Mali lost 11.2% of its forest cover, or around 1,582,000 ha.

Mali's forests contain 282 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Mali has some 897 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.0% are threatened. Mali is home to at least 1741 species of vascular plants, of which 0.6% are endemic. 3.6% of Mali is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

2011 Update

In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with
new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests.

Forest definition (canopy cover %)10% tree cover25% tree cover30% tree cover
Forest Area (M ha)30.280.04
Aboveground forest carbon (Mt C)7891
Belowground forest carbon (Mt C)2530
Total forest carbon (Mt C)103122
Average Carbon Density (t C/ha)374445
M=million, t=metric tons; all figures are mean carbon stock values

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Mali

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Mali: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)122019
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)12490
Percent Forest Cover10
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)8227
Percent other wooded land7




Mali: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)1196096
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)5304


Mali: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14072132811288512490
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-79-79-79
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.58-0.60-0.62


Mali: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
14067132261268011960
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-84-84-127
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.6-0.6-0.96


Mali: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Mali: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
555205530
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
53065
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
27.1030.1020.92


Mali: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
4763201500


Mali: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
100n.s.0


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Mali: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
24620024630
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
628


Mali: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
317300291282
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
23
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-2-2-2
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Mali: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
16868


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Mali: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
402473474100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
455954395778100


Mali: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
n.s.n.s.---


Mali: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
137137137
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
135135135
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
222


Mali: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (2002) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1995) Sub-national forest law: No

Mali: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----6809


Mali: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
6923608-17640-21248-


Mali: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Mali: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding


    Mali: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.82%
    permanent crops: 0.03%
    other: 96.15% (2001)
    Natural resourcesgold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower


    Mali: Economy
    Economy - overview:Mali is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and with a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export, along with gold. The government has continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the CFA franc in January 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a sturdy 5% average in 1996-2005. Worker remittances and external trade routes for the landlocked country have been jeopardized by continued unrest in neighboring Côte d'Ivoire.
    GDP - per capita$1,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 45%, industry: 17%, services: 38% (2001 est.)
    Industries food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
    Economic aid - recipient$472.1 million (2002)
    Debt - external$2.8 billion (2002)
    Population below poverty line (%)64% average; 30% of the total population living in urban areas; 70% of the total population living in rural areas) (2001 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture and fishing 80% (2001 est.)


    Mali: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)12,291,529
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.74%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)10.1
    Percent rural (2003)67.7%
    Median age (years)total: 16.35 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.5 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%


    Largest Cities in Mali

    Cities and urban areas in Mali with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    BamakoMali9067001130800
    SegouMali127100127100
    SikassoMali120600120600
    MoptiMali109900109900


    Mali: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use56,600 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular250,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 15,100 km
    paved: 1,827 km
    unpaved: 13,273 km (1999)


    Mali: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 48.64 years
    male: 46.68 years
    female: 50.66 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate116.79 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.9% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations
    water contact disease: schistosomiasis
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Mali : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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