TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Mauritania Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 0.2% or about 242,000 ha of Mauritania is forested, according to FAO. Mauritania had 21,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Mauritania lost an average of 8,650 ha or 2.08% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Mauritania lost 41.7% of its forest cover, or around 173,000 ha.

Mauritania's forests contain 7 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Mauritania has some 692 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.7% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.0% are threatened. Mauritania is home to at least 1100 species of vascular plants. 0.0% of Mauritania is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Mauritania Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Mauritania

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Mauritania: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)103070
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)242
Percent Forest Covern.s.
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)0
Primary Forest, % total forest0
Other wooded land (1000 ha)3060
Percent other wooded land3




Mauritania: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)00
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)22191
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)219


Mauritania: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
415317267242
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-10-10-5
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.66-3.37-1.95


Mauritania: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
410304250221
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-11-11-8
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-2.6-2.59-2.73


Mauritania: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
0000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Mauritania: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
5131721
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
111
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
10.035.514.32


Mauritania: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
072007300


Mauritania: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
9730


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
100--


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
990010
Mauritania: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
52005-
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
3110


Mauritania: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
131087
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
30
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Mauritania: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Mauritania: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
675-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
132116431865-


Mauritania: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-2---


Mauritania: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Mauritania: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (2001)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2007) Sub-national forest law: No

Mauritania: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----1606


Mauritania: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-565---565-


Mauritania: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Mauritania: Environment
    Environment - current issuesovergrazing, deforestation, and soil erosion aggravated by drought are contributing to desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources away from the Senegal, which is the only perennial river; locust infestation
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardshot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco wind blows primarily in March and April; periodic droughts


    Mauritania: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.48%
    permanent crops: 0.01%
    other: 99.51% (2001)
    Natural resourcesiron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish


    Mauritania: Economy
    Economy - overview:Half the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood, even though many of the nomads and subsistence farmers were forced into the cities by recurrent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s. Mauritania has extensive deposits of iron ore, which account for nearly 40% of total exports. The decline in world demand for this ore, however, has led to cutbacks in production. The nation's coastal waters are among the richest fishing areas in the world, but overexploitation by foreigners threatens this key source of revenue. The country's first deepwater port opened near Nouakchott in 1986. In the past, drought and economic mismanagement resulted in a buildup of foreign debt which now stands at more than three times the level of annual exports. In February 2000, Mauritania qualified for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative and in December 2001 received strong support from donor and lending countries at a triennial Consultative Group review. A new investment code approved in December 2001 improved the opportunities for direct foreign investment. Ongoing negotiations with the IMF involve problems of economic reforms and fiscal discipline. In 2001, exploratory oil wells in tracts 80 km offshore indicated potential extraction at current world oil prices. Mauritania has an estimated 1 billion barrels of proved reserves. Substantial oil production and exports are scheduled to begin in early 2006 and may average 75,000 barrels per day for that year. Meantime the government emphasizes reduction of poverty, improvement of health and education, and promoting privatization of the economy.
    GDP - per capita$2,000 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)5.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsdates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, dates; cattle, sheep
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 25%, industry: 29%, services: 46% (2001 est.)
    Industries fish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
    Economic aid - recipient$305.7 million (2002)
    Debt - external$2.5 billion (2000)
    Population below poverty line (%)40% (2004 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 50%, industry 10%, services 40% (2001 est.)


    Mauritania: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)3,086,859
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.90%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)3.0
    Percent rural (2003)38.2%
    Median age (years)total: 16.98 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)5.94 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)mixed Maur/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%


    Largest Cities in Mauritania

    Cities and urban areas in Mauritania with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    NouakchottMauritania426300426300


    Mauritania: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use31,500 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular300,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 7,660 km
    paved: 866 km
    unpaved: 6,794 km (1999)


    Mauritania: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 52.73 years
    male: 50.52 years
    female: 55 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate70.89 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.6% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne diseases: malaria and Rift Valley fever are high risks in some locations
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Mauritania : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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