TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

New Caledonia Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 45.9% or about 839,000 ha of New Caledonia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 51.4% ( 431,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. New Caledonia had 10,000 ha of planted forest. New Caledonia's forests contain 60 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: New Caledonia has some 275 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 34.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 8.7% are threatened. New Caledonia is home to at least 3250 species of vascular plants, of which 98.5% are endemic. 3.0% of New Caledonia is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in New Caledonia

Previous version of this profile (2009)

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Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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New Caledonia: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)1828
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)839
Percent Forest Cover46
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)431
Primary Forest, % total forest51
Other wooded land (1000 ha)371
Percent other wooded land20




New Caledonia: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)43151
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)39847
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)101


New Caledonia: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
839839839839
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


New Caledonia: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
830829829829
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.0-0.010


New Caledonia: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
431431431431
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


New Caledonia: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
9101010
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
n.s.n.s.n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.850.520.57


New Caledonia: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
215970067


New Caledonia: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
57430


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
37--


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
New Caledonia: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
5364---
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


New Caledonia: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
60606060
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
72
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
000


New Caledonia: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
00-0--


New Caledonia: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
71013100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


New Caledonia: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
1----


New Caledonia: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


New Caledonia: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Incorporated in other law (1910) Sub-national forest law: Yes

New Caledonia: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----8137


New Caledonia: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


New Caledonia: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] New Caledonia: Environment
    Environment - current issueserosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
    Environment - international agreementscyclones, most frequent from November to March


    New Caledonia: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 0.38%
    permanent crops: 0.33%
    other: 99.29% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper


    New Caledonia: Economy
    Economy - overview:New Caledonia has about 25% of the world's known nickel resources. Only a small amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, substantial financial support from France - equal to more than one-fourth of GDP - and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. Substantial new investment in the nickel industry, combined with the recovery of global nickel prices, brightens the economic outlook for the next several years.
    GDP - per capita$15,000 (2003 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)NA%
    Agriculture - productsvegetables; beef, deer, other livestock products
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 5%, industry: 30%, services: 65% (1997 est.)
    Industries nickel mining and smelting
    Economic aid - recipient$880 million annual subsidy from France (1998)
    Debt - external$79 million (1998 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 7%, industry 23%, services 70% (1999 est.)


    New Caledonia: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)216,494
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.28%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)11.7
    Percent rural (2003)38.8%
    Median age (years)total: 27.5 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)2.31 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%


    [an error occurred while processing this directive]--> New Caledonia: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use52,000 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular80,000 (2002)
    Roadways (km)total: 5,432 km (2000)


    New Caledonia: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 74.04 years
    male: 71.07 years
    female: 77.16 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate7.72 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA%

    New Caledonia : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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