TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

New Zealand Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 30.9% or about 8,269,000 ha of New Zealand is forested, according to FAO. Of this 25.9% ( 2,144,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. New Zealand had 1,812,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, New Zealand lost an average of 27,450 ha or 0.36% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, New Zealand gained 7.1% of its forest cover, or around 549,000 ha.

New Zealand's forests contain 1,292 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: New Zealand has some 484 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 39.0% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 20.2% are threatened. New Zealand is home to at least 2382 species of vascular plants, of which 81.5% are endemic. 24.0% of New Zealand is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

New Zealand pictures

The following contains data relating to forest cover in New Zealand

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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New Zealand: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)26771
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)8269
Percent Forest Cover31
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)2144
Primary Forest, % total forest26
Other wooded land (1000 ha)2557
Percent other wooded land10




New Zealand: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)214426
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)431352
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)181222


New Zealand: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
7720826683118269
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
559-8
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.690.11-0.10


New Zealand: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
6459645764576457
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.000


New Zealand: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
--21442144
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--0
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
--0


New Zealand: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1261180918541812
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
559-8
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.670.49-0.46


New Zealand: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
241760000


New Zealand: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
64360


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
-16-


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
New Zealand: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
3586434968261814
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
258101


New Zealand: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
--12631292
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
156
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
--6
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
--0.9


New Zealand: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
n.s.100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
4032014027--


New Zealand: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
138422128023734100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


New Zealand: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
1447-28--


New Zealand: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
789
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
678
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
112


New Zealand: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1990)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: No (-) -
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (1993) Sub-national forest law: No

New Zealand: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
1490-1746-1875-


New Zealand: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
101966--00--


New Zealand: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] New Zealand: Environment
    Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation
    Natural hazardsearthquakes are common, though usually not severe; volcanic activity


    New Zealand: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 5.6%
    permanent crops: 6.99%
    other: 87.41% (2001)
    Natural resourcesnatural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone


    New Zealand: Economy
    Economy - overview:Over the past 20 years the government has transformed New Zealand from an agrarian economy dependent on concessionary British market access to a more industrialized, free market economy that can compete globally. This dynamic growth has boosted real incomes (but left behind many at the bottom of the ladder), broadened and deepened the technological capabilities of the industrial sector, and contained inflationary pressures. Per capita income has risen for six consecutive years and is now more than $24,000 in purchasing power parity terms. New Zealand is heavily dependent on trade - particularly in agricultural products - to drive growth. Exports are equal to about 20% of GDP. Thus far the economy has been resilient, and the Labor Government promises that expenditures on health, education, and pensions will increase proportionately to output.
    GDP - per capita$24,100 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)2.5% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productswheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 4.7%, industry: 27.8%, services: 67.6% (2005 est.)
    Industries food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$57.67 billion (2005 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 10%, industry 25%, services 65% (1995)


    New Zealand: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,035,461
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)1.02%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)15.1
    Percent rural (2003)14.1%
    Median age (years)total: 33.65 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.79 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)European 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001 census)


    Largest Cities in New Zealand

    Cities and urban areas in New Zealand with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    AucklandNew Zealand3863001134600
    ChristchurchNew Zealand317600345100
    WellingtonNew Zealand168100348000
    DunedinNew Zealand111400111400
    HamiltonNew Zealand109800174100


    New Zealand: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use1.765 million (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular2.599 million (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 92,382 km
    paved: 59,124 km (including at least 169 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 33,258 km (2002)


    New Zealand: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 78.66 years
    male: 75.67 years
    female: 81.78 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate5.85 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2003 est.)

    New Zealand : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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