TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Niger Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 1.0% or about 1,204,000 ha of Niger is forested, according to FAO. Of this 18.3% ( 220,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Niger had 148,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Niger lost an average of 37,050 ha or 1.90% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Niger lost 38.1% of its forest cover, or around 741,000 ha.

Niger's forests contain 37 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Niger has some 684 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.3% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 1.8% are threatened. Niger is home to at least 1460 species of vascular plants. 8.2% of Niger is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

Niger Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Niger

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Niger: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)126670
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)1204
Percent Forest Cover1
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)220
Primary Forest, % total forest18
Other wooded land (1000 ha)3440
Percent other wooded land3




Niger: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)22018
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)83669
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)14812


Niger: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1945132812661204
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-62-12-12
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.74-0.95-1.00


Niger: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1897125511561056
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-64-64-20
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-3.4-3.38-1.59


Niger: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
220220220220
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Niger: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
4873110148
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
378
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
4.288.556.11


Niger: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
1n.s.1808100


Niger: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
100n.s.0


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
10000


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
1000000
Niger: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
1210--100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
113


Niger: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
60413837
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
31
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
-2-1n.s.
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Niger: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
270


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
-2----


Niger: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
454579701-
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
90891157214023-


Niger: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
357---


Niger: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-88
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
288
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.


Niger: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): No (-)
Sub-national forest policy: No
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (-) In formulation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2004) Sub-national forest law: No

Niger: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
610-538-87710


Niger: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
1739------


Niger: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Niger: Environment
    Environment - current issuesovergrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
    Natural hazardsrecurring droughts


    Niger: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 3.54%
    permanent crops: 0.01%
    other: 96.45% (2001)
    Natural resourcesuranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum


    Niger: Economy
    Economy - overview:Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, a landlocked Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, a 3.3% population growth rate, and the drop in world demand for uranium have undercut the economy. Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), with seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. In December 2000, Niger qualified for enhanced debt relief under the International Monetary Fund program for Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and concluded an agreement with the Fund on a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Debt relief provided under the enhanced HIPC initiative significantly reduces Niger's annual debt service obligations, freeing funds for expenditures on basic health care, primary education, HIV/AIDS prevention, rural infrastructure, and other programs geared at poverty reduction. Nearly half of the government's budget is derived from foreign donor resources. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal, and other mineral resources. A drought and locust infestation in 2005 led to food shortages for as many as 2.5 million Nigeriens.
    GDP - per capita$900 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productscowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 39%, industry: 17%, services: 44% (2001)
    Industries uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
    Economic aid - recipient$453.3 million (2003)
    Debt - external$2.1 billion (2003 est.)
    Population below poverty line (%)63% (1993 est.)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%


    Niger: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)11,665,937
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)2.63%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)9.2
    Percent rural (2003)77.8%
    Median age (years)total: 16.25 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)6.75 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates


    Largest Cities in Niger

    Cities and urban areas in Niger with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    NiameyNiger629500629500
    ZinderNiger191100191100
    MaradiNiger178600178600
    AgadezNiger113400113400


    Niger: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use22,400 (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular24,000 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 10,100 km
    paved: 798 km
    unpaved: 9,302 km (1999 est.)


    Niger: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 43.5 years
    male: 43.54 years
    female: 43.45 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate121.69 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)1.2% (2003 est.)
    Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
    food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
    vectorborne disease: malaria is a high risk in some locations
    respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis (2004)

    Niger : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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