TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Norway Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 33.1% or about 10,065,000 ha of Norway is forested, according to FAO. Of this 2.2% ( 223,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Norway had 1,475,000 ha of planted forest.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Norway lost an average of 46,750 ha or 0.51% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Norway gained 10.2% of its forest cover, or around 935,000 ha.

Norway's forests contain 395 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Norway has some 537 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Of these, 0.9% are endemic, meaning they exist in no other country, and 2.8% are threatened. Norway is home to at least 1715 species of vascular plants, of which 0.1% are endemic. 6.1% of Norway is protected under IUCN categories I-V.

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Norway

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Norway: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)30427
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)10065
Percent Forest Cover33
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)223
Primary Forest, % total forest2
Other wooded land (1000 ha)2703
Percent other wooded land9




Norway: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)2232
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)836783
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)147515


Norway: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
91309301968310065
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
177676
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
0.190.810.78


Norway: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
8041797682838590
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-7-761
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.080.77


Norway: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
223223223223
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
000


Norway: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
1089132514001475
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
241515
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
1.981.111.05


Norway: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
6027201100


Norway: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
14860


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
8983


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
980020
Norway: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
98798753234100
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
259


Norway: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
280323360395
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
39
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
477
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
n.s.n.s.n.s.


Norway: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
1100


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
171449351031


Norway: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
1130088548877100
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
117514501582100


Norway: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
39452---


Norway: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-87
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-87
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
-n.s.n.s.


Norway: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): Yes (1998)
Sub-national forest policy: Yes
National forest program (year) - status: Yes (1998) In implementation
National forest law (year): Specific forest law (2005) Sub-national forest law: No

Norway: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
----8427


Norway: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Norway: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
  • NlbI: [an error occurred while processing this directive] Norway: Environment
    Environment - current issueswater pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
    Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
    Natural hazardsrockslides, avalanches


    Norway: Land use / Resources
    Land use (%)arable land: 2.87%
    permanent crops: 0%
    other: 97.13% (2001)
    Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower


    Norway: Economy
    Economy - overview:The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises). The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices, with oil and gas accounting for one-third of exports. Only Saudi Arabia and Russia export more oil than Norway. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. The government has moved ahead with privatization. Norwegians worry about that time in the next two decades when the oil and gas will begin to run out; accordingly, Norway has been saving its oil-boosted budget surpluses in a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $150 billion. After lackluster growth of 1% in 2002 and 0.5% in 2003, GDP growth picked up to 3.3% in 2004 and to 3.8% in 2005.
    GDP - per capita$42,400 (2005 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate (%)3.8% (2005 est.)
    Agriculture - productsbarley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish
    GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 2.2%, industry: 37.2%, services: 60.6% (2005 est.)
    Industries petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
    Population below poverty line (%)NA
    Debt - external$281 billion (Norway is a net external creditor) (30 June 2005)
    Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4%, industry 22%, services 74% (1995)


    Norway: Population / Demographics
    Population (July 2005)4,593,041
    Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.40%
    Population density (people/sq km) (2005)14.9
    Percent rural (2003)21.4%
    Median age (years)total: 38.17 years
    Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.78 (2005 est.)
    Ethnic groups (%)Norwegian, Sami 20,000


    Largest Cities in Norway

    Cities and urban areas in Norway with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

    CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    OsloNorway787400787400
    BergenNorway200600200600
    TrondheimNorway141600141600
    StavangerNorway110400110400


    Norway: Infrastructure
    Telephones - main lines in use3.343 million (2002)
    Telephones - mobile cellular4,163,400 (2003)
    Roadways (km)total: 91,852 km
    paved: 71,185 km (including 178 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 20,667 km (2002)


    Norway: Health
    Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 79.4 years
    male: 76.78 years
    female: 82.17 years (2005 est.)
    Infant mortality rate3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)0.1% (2001 est.)

    Norway : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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