TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: Deforestation rates tables and charts

Oceania Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, 22.5% or about 191,384,000 ha of Oceania is forested, according to FAO.

Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Oceania lost an average of 368,000 ha or 0.19% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Oceania lost 3.7% of its forest cover, or around 7,360,000 ha.

Oceania's forests contain - million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass.

Pacific Islands Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Oceania

Previous version of this profile (2009)

SECTIONS:

Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books










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Oceania: Forest Cover, 2010
Total Land Area (1000 square kilometers)849094
Total Forest Area (1000 ha)191384
Percent Forest Cover23
Primary Forest Cover (1000 ha)-
Primary Forest, % total forest-
Other wooded land (1000 ha)143476
Percent other wooded land17




Oceania: Breakdown of forest types, 2010
Primary forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Other naturally regenerated forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--
Planted Forest (1000 ha | % of forest area)--


Oceania: Trends in Total (Net) Forest Cover, 1990-2010
TOTAL FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
198744198381196745191384
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-36-327-1072
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.02-0.17-0.55


Oceania: Trends in Natural Forest Cover (Deforestation), 1990-2010
FOREST COVER (excluding planted forests) (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
196202195059192896187284
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-114-114-778
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
-0.1-0.06-0.40


Oceania: Trends in Primary or Old Growth Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PRIMARY FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
----
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
---


Oceania: Trends in Planted Forest Cover, 1990-2010
PLANTED FOREST COVER (1000 ha)
1990200020052010
2542332238494100
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (1000 ha)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
78105.450
ANNUAL CHANGE RATE (percent)
Negative number represents deforestation
1990-20002000-20052005-2010
3.073.171.22


Oceania: Primary designated function (percent)
ProductionProtection of soil and waterConservation of biodiversitySocial servicesMultiple useOtherNone or unknown
6n.s.16n.s.323411


Oceania: Forest ownership and management rights 2005 (percent)
OWNERSHIP PATTERN
Public ownershipPrivate ownershipOther
---


PRIVATE OWNERSHIP
IndividualsBusiness entities and institutionsLocal, indigenous and tribal communities
---


HOLDER OF MANAGEMENT RIGHTS OF PUBLIC FORESTS
Public administrationIndividualsBusiness entities and InstitutionsCommunitiesOther
-----
Oceania: Growing stock in forest
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total
(million m3)
Per hectare
(m3)
Coniferous
(million m3)
Broadleaved
(million m3)
% commercial species
-----
GROWING STOCK IN FOREST
Total (million m3)Per hectare (m3)Coniferous (million m3)Broadleaved (million m3)% commercial species
--


Oceania: Trends in carbon stock in living forest biomass 1990-2010
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(million metric tons)
1990200020052010
----
CARBON STOCK IN LIVING FOREST BIOMASS
(per hectare in tons)
2000
-
ANNUAL CHANGE
(1 000 t/yr)
1990200020052010
---
ANNUAL CHANGE PER HECTARE
(t/ha/yr)
1990200020052010
---


Oceania: Area of forest affected by fire and other disturbances 2005
FOREST FIRE
1000 ha% wild fire (not managed burn)
--


EXCLUDING FOREST FIRE
InsectsDiseasesOther biotic agentsAbiotic factorsTotal (excluding fire)% of 2005 forest area
------


Oceania: Trends in removals of wood products 1990-2005
INDUSTRIAL ROUNDWOOD
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----
WOODFUEL
Total volume (1 000 m3 over bark)
199020002005percent of which from forest 2005
----


Oceania: Value of wood and NWFP removals 2005
Value of removals
(million US$)
Value per ha forest
(US$)
Industrial roundwoodWoodfuelNWFPTotal
-----


Oceania: Employment in forestry 1990-2005
TOTAL
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF GOODS-FORESTRY
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---
IN MANAGEMENT OF PROTECTED AREAS-CONSERVATION
(1000 full-time employees)
199020002005
---


Oceania: Forest policy and legal framework 2008
National forest policy (year): - (-)
Sub-national forest policy: -
National forest program (year) - status: - (-) -
National forest law (year): - (-) Sub-national forest law: -

Oceania: Human resources within public forest institutions 2000-2008
200020052008
#% female#% female#% female
------


Oceania: Forest revenue and public expenditure on forestry 2005
Forest revenuePublic expenditure (1000 US$)
Domestic fundingExternal fundingTotal
(1000 US$)Operational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer paymentsOperational expenditureTransfer payments
-------


Oceania: Status of ratification of international conventions and agreements as of 1 January 2010
  • CbD:
  • UNFCCC:
  • Kyoto Protocol:
  • UNCCD:
  • ITTA:
  • CITeS:
  • Ramsar:
  • World Heritage Convention:
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    Largest Cities in Oceania & Australia

    Cities and urban areas in the
    Oceania & Australia with population over 100,000, sorted by City Population All figures are estimates for 2002.

    Urban Area RankCity Pop RankCityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
    6434SydneyAustralia42809004280900
    9448MelbourneAustralia33533003353300
    237136BrisbaneAustralia15443001544300
    279162PerthAustralia13908001390800
    354227AdelaideAustralia11301001130100
    843635NewcastleAustralia485100485100
    347799AucklandNew Zealand3863001134600
    966814Gold CoastAustralia381300381300
    1095977CanberraAustralia322700322700
    1045997ChristchurchNew Zealand317600345100
    11271018Port MoresbyPapua New Guinea312300312300
    13001216WollongongAustralia266200266200
    14891432Sunshine CoastAustralia227800227800
    16481605HobartAustralia205200205200
    19041876SuvaFiji176000176000
    10371950WellingtonNew Zealand168100348000
    21042081GeelongAustralia156200156200
    23672351TownsvilleAustralia137300137300
    25522536CairnsAustralia126000126000
    28692853DunedinNew Zealand111400111400
    19152888HamiltonNew Zealand109800174100
    30303016LaePapua New Guinea105200105200
    30613047LauncestonAustralia103700103700


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    Oceania : References & Data Sources
     Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
     Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
     Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
     Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
     RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
     World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
     The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
     Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
     With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of mongabay.com



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